Outline of production

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Production is the act of creating 'use' value or 'utility' that can satisfy a want or need.[1] The act may or may not include factors of production other than labor. Any effort directed toward the realization of a desired product or service is a "productive" effort and the performance of such act is production.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to production:

Types[edit]

Primary sector[edit]

  • Primary sector – this involves the extraction of resources directly from the Earth, this includes agricultural and resource extraction industries. In these industries, the product (that is, the focus of production) is a natural resource.
    • Agriculture   (outline) – cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.[3]
      • Animal husbandry – agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.
      • Farming – cultivating land for the purpose of agricultural production.
      • Fishing – activity of catching or harvesting fish and other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
      • Forestry   (outline) – creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit.[4]
    • Resource extraction –
      • Fishing – activity of catching or harvesting fish and other aquatic animals such as molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
      • Logging – harvesting timber, including cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
      • Mining   (outline) – extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or (coal) seam.
      • Extraction of petroleum – process by which usable petroleum (oil) is extracted and removed from the earth.
      • Extraction of natural gas – Natural gas is commercially extracted from oil fields and natural gas fields.
      • Water industry – provides drinking water to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy.

Secondary sector[edit]

  • Secondary sector – involves the processing of raw materials from primary industries, and includes the industries that produce a finished, tangible product.
    • Construction – process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure, including buildings, roads, dams, etc.
    • Manufacturing – process which involves tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. Ranges from handicraft to high tech industrial production.

Tertiary sector[edit]

  • Tertiary sector – This group is involved in the provision of services. They include teachers, managers and other service providers.

Quaternary sector[edit]

Goals[edit]

Productivity[edit]

History[edit]

Theories of production[edit]

Economics[edit]

Manufacturing[edit]

Product engineering[edit]

Product design[edit]

Production technology[edit]

Machinery[edit]

Machine set-up[edit]

Lot size and run length[edit]

Service provision[edit]

Logistics[edit]

Process improvement[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kotler, P., Armstrong, G., Brown, L., and Adam, S. (2006) Marketing, 7th Ed. Pearson Education Australia/Prentice Hall.
  2. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/industry
  3. ^ International Labour Office (1999). Safety and health in agriculture. International Labour Organization. pp. 77–. ISBN 978-92-2-111517-5. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Forestry." SAF Dictionary of Forestry. The Society of American Foresters, 1998. Helms, John A. <http://dictionaryofforestry.org/dict/term/forestry>
  5. ^ Tor Selstad (1990). "The rise of the quaternary sector. The regional dimension of knowledge-based services in Norway, 1970-1985". informaworld. Retrieved 2010-06-17. ... knowledge-based services ... 
  6. ^ Peter Busch (1967). "Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning". Tacit Knowledge in Organizational Learning. Retrieved 2010-06-17. see page .. The quaternary sector of industry is the sector of industry that involves the intellectual services. That is research, development, and information. 

External links[edit]

Productivity