Paamiut

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Paamiut
Frederikshåb
Paamiut Zentrum.jpg
Paamiut is located in Greenland
Paamiut
Paamiut
Location within Greenland
Coordinates: 61°59′40″N 49°40′00″W / 61.99444°N 49.66667°W / 61.99444; -49.66667Coordinates: 61°59′40″N 49°40′00″W / 61.99444°N 49.66667°W / 61.99444; -49.66667
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Greenland
Municipality Sermersooq-coat-of-arms.png Sermersooq
First settled 1500 BC
Founded 1742
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,515[1]
Time zone UTC-03
Postal code 3940
Twin cities
 • Frederikshavn Denmark
Website [1] Dead link
Paamiut (Frederikshåb), 1878

Paamiut,[2] formerly Frederikshåb,[3] is a town in southwestern Greenland in the Sermersooq municipality.

Geography[edit]

Paamiut is located on the coast of Labrador Sea in the southern end of a small estuary called Kuannersooq ("Inlet").

History[edit]

People have lived in the Paamiut area since around 1500 BC. The name Paamiut is Kalaallisut for "Those who Reside by the Mouth".[citation needed]

The trading post of Frederikshaab (sometimes anglicized as Frederick's Hope[4]) was established by Jacob Severin's company in 1742[5] and named in honor of the Crown Prince Frederick (later King Frederick V of Denmark).[6]

The community prospered on trading fur and whale products. It also became known for its soapstone artists. The town has one of the finest churches in Greenland, built in 1909 from wood in the Norwegian style.[7]

Following the warming climatic trends since the 1920s, Paamiut developed a booming cod industry between the 1950s and 1989, when the stock dwindled.[7] In connection with a development plan called G60 Paamiut was chosen as to be the place to live for the entire population of the former Paamiut municipality. Therefore the number of people living there rose significantly during that period.

There is local museum downtown in original buildings from the previous century, among them a carpenter workshop and a salt warehouse. The Danish Crown Princely family visited the town as part of an official tour of Greenland in summer 2014. [8]

Economy[edit]

As is the case for other towns of western Greenland, the sea is free of ice during the winter,[9] while fishing is the primary occupation of the inhabitants of the region. Icebergs, coming adrift along the east coast of Greenland with the East Greenland Current and continuing up along the west coast with the West Greenland Current normally arrive in the autumn, bringing numerous seals marking this season as a great time for the local hunters.

Population[edit]

With 1,515 inhabitants as of 2013,[1] it is the eighth-largest town in Greenland, down from the seventh in 2005. Paamiut has been losing population for almost every year in the last two decades: more than 31% relative to 1990 levels, almost 20% relative to 2000, and more than 16% relative to 2005.[10]

Transport[edit]

Paamiut is a port of call for the Arctic Umiaq ferry service.[11] In November 2007, the Paamiut Airport was built by Mittarfeqarfiit. Connections to Nuuk and Narsarsuaq are served by Air Greenland STOL aircraft.[12]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Paamiut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−3
(27)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.6
(33.1)
4.2
(39.6)
6.5
(43.7)
8.8
(47.8)
8.2
(46.8)
6.2
(43.2)
2.9
(37.2)
0.3
(32.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
2.2
(36)
Average low °C (°F) −10.1
(13.8)
−10.2
(13.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.1
(30)
1.1
(34)
2.8
(37)
2.7
(36.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.8
(27)
−6.1
(21)
−8.9
(16)
−4
(25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 66
(2.6)
64
(2.52)
64
(2.52)
58
(2.28)
58
(2.28)
67
(2.64)
91
(3.58)
92
(3.62)
80
(3.15)
71
(2.8)
84
(3.31)
83
(3.27)
878
(34.57)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10 9 10 9 8 10 11 10 11 10 11 11 120
Source: [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Greenland in Figures 2013. Statistics Greenland. ISBN 978-87-986787-7-9. ISSN 1602-5709. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  2. ^ The pre-1973 Kalaallisut spelling was Pâmiut.
  3. ^ The pre-1948 Danish spelling was Frederikshaab.
  4. ^ i.a., Lieber, Francis & al. Encyclopædia Americana: A Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography. "Greenland". B.B. Mussey & Co., 1854.
  5. ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.
  6. ^ Del, Anden. "Grønland som del af den bibelske fortælling – en 1700-tals studie" ["Greenland as Part of the Biblical Narrative – a Study of the 18th-Century"]. (Danish)
  7. ^ a b O'Carroll, Etain (2005). Greenland and the Arctic. Lonely Planet. p. 141. ISBN 1-74059-095-3. 
  8. ^ "Official visit to Greenland - Qaqortoq, Paamiut and Qeqertarsuatsiaat.". Scandinavian Royalty. 
  9. ^ Air Greenland, Destination overview: Paamiut
  10. ^ Statistics Greenland, Population in localities
  11. ^ AUL, Timetable 2009
  12. ^ Air Greenland, Departures and Arrivals
  13. ^ "Klimanormaler for Grønland". Danish Meteorological Institute. Retrieved 3 November 2008.