Paederinae

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Paederinae
Paederus littoralis01.jpg
Paederus sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Suborder: Polyphaga
Infraorder: Staphyliniformia
Superfamily: Staphylinoidea
Family: Staphylinidae
Lameere, 1900
Subfamilies

Paederinae Fleming 1821 are a subfamily of Staphylinidae.[1][2] In terms of phylogenetic relationships, the 14 subfamilies of Staphylinidae can be separated into three subgroups; such a classification system links Paederinae most closely with the subfamilies Stapholinidae and Xantholinidae.[3]

Paederinae includes two tribes, Paederini and Pinophilini.[4]

Three of the genera of Paederina, a subtribe of Paederini, are associated with a skin irritation called Paederus dermatitis, due to a potent vesicant in their haemolymph.[5] This irritant is called pederin and is highly toxic, more potent than cobra venom.[6]

Anatomy[edit]

  • Pronotum with a large, opaque postcoxal process of the pronotal hypomeron.
  • Intersegmental membranes with a brick-wall-like pattern.
  • Tarsi 5-5-5, some apparently 4-4-4.

Ecology[edit]

  • Habitat: generally found in damp places, under logs, in caves, ant nests, in litter, on foliage.
  • Collection Method: sift/Berlese forest litter, UV/MV light, sweeping vegetation.
  • Biology: predacious, inquilines, etc.

Systematics[edit]

Thirty-six genera and 436 species in North America.

References[edit]

  • Newton, A. F., Jr., M. K. Thayer, J. S. Ashe, and D. S. Chandler. 2001. 22. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. pp. 272–418. In: R. H. Arnett, Jr., and M. C. Thomas (eds.). American beetles, Volume 1. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL. ix + 443 p.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newton, A. F., Jr., M. K. Thayer, J. S. Ashe, and D. S. Chandler. 2001. 22. Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802. pp. 272–418. In: R. H. Arnett, Jr., and M. C. Thomas (eds.). American beetles, Volume 1. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL. ix + 443 p.
  2. ^ Anlaş, Sinan; I. Ethem Çevik** (2008). "Faunistic studies on Paederinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Manisa province, Turkey". Munis Entomology & Zoology 3 (2): 665–674. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Naomi, Shun-ichiro (1985). "The phylogeny and higher classification of the Staphylinidae and their allied groups (Coleoptera, Staphylinoidea)". Esakia 23. 
  4. ^ "Paederinae". Fauna Europaea. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Capineira, John L; J. Howard Frank (2008). "Dermatitis linearis". Encyclopedia of entomology. Springer. pp. 1179–. ISBN 978-1-4020-6242-1. The 28 species thus far shown to produce such a toxin belong to three of the 14 genera of Paederina, namely Paederus, Paederidus, and Megalopaederus 
  6. ^ "Ectoparasites". Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 

External links[edit]

  • Paederinae at Bugguide.net. [1]