Panasonic Lumix DMC-G10

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Panasonic Lumix DMC-G10
Type Micro Four Thirds System
Sensor 17.3 mm × 13 mm Live MOS
Maximum resolution 4000×3000 (12.0 megapixels)
Lens Micro Four Thirds System mount
Flash Built-in pop up, TTL, GN 11 equivalent (ISO100 · m)
Shutter speed range 60–1/4000 sec
Exposure modes Manual, Program, Automatic, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority
Focus modes Automatic or Manual Face detection / AF Tracking / 23-area-focusing / 1-area-focusing
Viewfinder EVF color display, 100% field of view, 0.52x (35mm equiv), 1.04x magnification, with 202K dots; LCD or fixed 3.0 inch colour LCD 460K dot equivalent
ASA/ISO range ISO 100–6400
Flash bracketing ±3.0 EV in ⅓ EV steps
Custom WB custom modes
Storage SD, SDHC
Battery Li-Ion 7.2 V, 1250 mAh
Weight body 385 g, with 14–42mm lens 638 g

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-G10 is the sixth digital mirrorless interchangeable lens camera introduced that adheres to the recently developed Micro Four Thirds System (MFT) system design standard, and the fourth Panasonic model MFT camera introduced. The G10 model was announced concurrently with its more capable sibling, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-G2, in March 2010.[1]

About the Micro Four Thirds System[edit]

The Micro Four Thirds (MFT) system design standard was jointly announced in 2008[2] by Olympus and Panasonic, as a further evolution of the similarly named predecessor Four Thirds System system[3] pioneered by Olympus. The Micro Four Thirds system standard uses the same sized sensor (nominal 4000 pixels by 3000 pixels) as the original Four Thirds system. One potential advantage of the smaller MFT system sensor (when compared to market leaders Canon and Nikon APS-C and full frame sized) is potentially smaller and lighter lenses. The smaller MFT sensor allows for a reduced image circle which allows the development of smaller and lighter native lenses. The MFT sensor has a crop factor of 2.0 when compared to 35mm film equivalent full frame sensors. By comparison, the more popular consumer (as opposed to professional) DSLRs such as those made by Canon, Nikon and Sony have 1.5 to 1.6 crop factor APS-C sensors, which means larger and heavier lens designs. For example, a typical Olympus MFT M.Zuiko 14-42mm f/3.5-5.6 kit lens weighs 112g, is 56mm in diameter and 50mm in length.[4] The equivalent Canon APS-C DSLR EF-S 18-55mm f3.5-5.6 kit lens weighs 190g, and is 69mm in diameter and 80mm in length[5]

While the older Four Thirds system design standard allowed the incorporation of a single lens reflex (SLR) camera design including a mirror box and pentaprism based optical viewfinder system, the MFT system design standard sought to pursue a technically different camera, and specifically slimmed down the key physical specifications which eliminated the ability to include the traditional complex optical path and the bulky mirror box needed for a SLR optical viewfinder. Instead, MFT uses either a built-in (Panasonic) or optional (Olympus/Panasonic) compact electronic viewfinder (EVF) and/or LCD back panel displaying a Live view from the main image sensor. Use of an EVF/back panel LCD and smaller four thirds image sensor format and allows for smaller and lighter camera bodies and lenses. The MFT system standard also specifically includes seamless switching between still photography and HD video recording as a design criterion.

MFT cameras are physically slimmer than most interchangeable lens cameras because the standard specifies a much reduced lens mount flange to imaging sensor plane distance of just 20mm. Typically this so-called flange focal distance is over 40mm on most interchangeable lens cameras.[6] The MFT system design flange focal length distance allows for, through use of an adapter, the possibility to mount virtually any manufacturer's existing and legacy still camera interchangeable lens (as well as some video and cine lenses) to an MFT body, albeit using manual focus and manual aperture control. For example, many theoretically obsolete 35mm film camera lenses, as well as existing current lenses for APS-C and full frame DSLR's are now usable on MFT cameras. As an example, an older (i.e., used, obsolete and low priced), but still high quality, 50mm f/1.8 "standard" lens from a 35mm film camera can be used on a MFT camera body. With MFT sensors having a crop factor of 2.0, the old 50mm f/1.8 "standard" lens becomes a high-speed (although manual) 100mm f/1.8 telephoto portrait lens. So the MFT system allows the re-use of expensive lenses that may have outlived their 35mm film format camera, and can be used on a modern digital camera body capable of both still and HD video recording. Similarly, the MFT system design allows current DSLR lenses to be used as well, although only with manual focus and aperture control.

Features[edit]

The G10 was positioned as an entry level, basic MFT camera, similar in form and function to other Panasonic MFT still cameras such as the more feature laden Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1, GH1 and G2. The G10 retained important core features such as the MFT sensor, and shutter systems, the ability to change lenses, but omitted certain cost driving features, notably the articulating LCD, in favor of a fixed panel LCD, and the high resolution electronic view finder (EVF) in favor of a lower resolution EVF, with a less clear and smooth image than its sister cameras with built-in EVF's. Unfortunately, using a lower cost EVF has been the one of the main criticisms of what was otherwise considered very capable still camera. Apparently there are situations under which low resolution EVF is not easily usable.[7] In fact, other than the EVF and LCD changes, on paper at least, the G10 might even be considered more capable than the G1, because it has video capabilities where the G1 did not.

The G10 featured Motion JPEG video capability only, with a mono microphone, as opposed to more capable AVCHD recording formats found in the other Panasonic G and GH series cameras, with the exception of the G1, which had no video capability.

The G10 is supplied with a standard Panasonic 14–42 mm ƒ/3.5–5.6 kit lens (28–86 mm equivalent) and can use all native Micro Four Thirds System lenses. Four Thirds System lenses can be used with an adapter, as can the lenses from nearly every major manual focus camera mount, such as Leica M, Leica R, Olympus OM, Nikon F, Canon FD, Minolta SR, M42 Screw Mount, Contax/Yashica Mount and others. Canon EF mount lenses can be used with an adapter, but native EF lenses are electronically controlled, and will therefore not have aperture control or autofocus. The Micro Four Thirds System specification supports lenses with optical image stabilization.

The camera was available in one color: black (suffix K).

Upon introduction the United States, MSRP was set at USD 600.00 with the kit lens.[8]

Successor Model[edit]

As of mid-2011, the G10 camera had no immediately apparent successor model, with the Panasonic Lumix DMC-G3 seemingly covering the replacement space for both the G10 and the G2 cameras.

Micro Four Thirds Camera introduction roadmap[edit]

Item Model Sensor Electronic View Finder (EVF) Announced
1 Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.1 mp effective) EVF; 1.4x magnification; 1.44M dots 2008, October[9]
2 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH1 4:3; 3:2; 16:9 (multi-aspect); 14.0 mp (12.1 mp effect) EVF; 1.4x mag; 1.44M dots 2009, April[10]
3 Olympus PEN E-P1 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) optional hotshoe optical VF-1; 65 degree AOV 2009, July[11]
4 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF1 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.1 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF LVF1; 1.04x mag; 202K dots 2009, September[12]
5 Olympus PEN E-P2 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2009, November[13]
6 Olympus PEN E-PL1 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2010, February[14]
7 Panasonic Lumix DMC-G10 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.1 mp effect) EVF; 1.04x magnification; 202K dots 2010, March[15]
8 Panasonic Lumix DMC-G2 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.1 mp effect) EVF; 1.4x mag; 1.44M dots 2010, March[16]
9 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH2 4:3; 3:2; 16:9 (multi-aspect); 18.3 mp (16.0 mp effect) EVF; 1.42x mag; 1.53M dots 2010, September[17]
10 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF2 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.1 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF; 1.04x mag; 202K dots 2010, November[18]
11 Olympus PEN E-PL1s 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2010, November[19]
12 Olympus PEN E-PL2 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2011, January[20]
13 Panasonic Lumix DMC-G3 4:3 / 16.6 mp (15.8 mp effect) EVF; 1.4x mag; 1.44M dots 2011, May[21]
14 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF3 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.1 mp effect) N/A 2011, June[22]
15 Olympus PEN E-P3 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2011, June[23]
16 Olympus PEN E-PL3 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2011, June[24]
17 Olympus PEN E-PM1 4:3 / 13.1 mp (12.3 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF VF-2; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2011, June[25]
18 Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX1 4:3 / 16.6 mp (16.0 mp effect) opt hotshoe EVF LVF2; 1.4x mag; 1.44M dots 2011, November[26]
19 Olympus OM-D E-M5 4:3 / 16.9 mp (16.1 mp effect)[27] EVF; 1.15x mag; 1.44M dots 2012, February[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/g2g10.html
  2. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/news/0808/08080501microfourthirds.asp
  3. ^ http://www.four-thirds.org/en/fourthirds/whitepaper.html
  4. ^ http://www.four-thirds.org/en/microft/standard.html#i_014-042mm_f035-056_ii_olympus
  5. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/products/canon/lenses/canon_18-55_3p5-5p6_ii
  6. ^ Flange focal distance
  7. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/reviews/panasonicdmcg10/page5.asp
  8. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/news/1004/10041902panagseriesprice.asp
  9. ^ http://www2.panasonic.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/prModelDetail?storeId=11301&catalogId=13251&itemId=292233
  10. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/gh1.html#1
  11. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/news/0906/09061601olympusep1.asp
  12. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/dmc_gf1.html#1
  13. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/news/0911/09110501olympusep2.asp
  14. ^ "Olympus unveils the affordable Pen". Digital Photography Review. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  15. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/g2g10.html#2
  16. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/g2g10.html#1
  17. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/gh2.html
  18. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/gf2.html
  19. ^ http://olympus-imaging.jp/product/dslr/epl1s/index.html
  20. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/news/1101/11010622olympusepl2.asp
  21. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/g3.html
  22. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/popup/pressrelease/gf3.html
  23. ^ http://www.olympus-global.com/en/news/2011a/nr110630ep3e.html
  24. ^ http://www.olympus-global.com/en/news/2011a/nr110630epl3e.html
  25. ^ http://www.olympus-global.com/en/news/2011a/nr110630epm1e.html
  26. ^ http://panasonic.net/avc/lumix/systemcamera/gms/gx1/index.html
  27. ^ http://www.dpreview.com/news/2012/02/08/Olympus_OM-D_E-M5_announced
  28. ^ http://www.olympus-global.com/en/news/2012a/nr120208em5e.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1 at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
No direct predecessor; closest is

Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1

Panasonic Micro Four Thirds System cameras
November 2008–present
Succeeded by
No direct successor; closest is

Panasonic Lumix DMC-G3