Panonychus ulmi

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Panonychus ulmi
Panonychus ulmi.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Order: Trombidiformes
Family: Tetranychidae
Genus: Panonychus
Species: P. ulmi
Binomial name
Panonychus ulmi
(Koch, 1836)

Panonychus ulmi, the European red mite, is a species of mite which is a major agricultural pest of fruit trees.[1] It has a high reproductive rate, a short generation time (21 days at 20 °C or 68 °F) and produces many broods in a year, all of which contribute to its pest status.[1] It has a cosmopolitan distribution, and a very wide host range, having been found on the following plants:[2]

P. ulmi was first described by Carl Ludwig Koch in 1836, under the name Tetranychus ulmi. It has also been known under a number of synonyms:[2]

  • Tetranychus ulmi Koch, 1836
  • Oligonychus ulmi : Hirst,1920
  • Metatetranychus ulmi : Oudemans, 1931
  • Paratetranychus ulmi : André, 1937
  • Panonychus ulmi : Ehara, 1956
  • Tetranychus pilosus Canestrini & Fanzago, 1876
  • Paratetranychus pilosus : Zacher, 1913
  • Metatetranychus pilosus : Oudemans, 1931
  • Paratetranychus pilosus alboguttatus Zacher, 1913
  • Tetranychus alboguttatus Zacher, 1913
  • Metetetranychus alboguttatus : Oudemans, 1931
  • Paratetranychus pilosus occidentalis McGregor & Newcomer, 1928
  • Oligonychus alni Oudemans, 1929
  • Metatetranychus alni : Oudemans, 1931
  • Oligonychus muscorum Oudemans, 1929
  • Metatetranychus muscorum : Oudemans, 1931
  • Oligonychus potentillae Oudemans, 1929
  • Metatetranychus potentillae : Oudemans, 1931
  • Metatetranychus mali Oudemans, 1931
  • Metatetranychus canestrinii Oudemans, 1939

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J. M. Hardman & H. M. A. Thistlewood (2002). "Panonychus ulmi (Koch), European Red Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae)". In Peter G. Mason & John Theodore Huber. Biological control programmes in Canada, 1981-2000. CAB International. pp. 213–216. ISBN 978-0-85199-527-4. 
  2. ^ a b H. R. Bolland, Jean Gutierrez & Carlos H. W. Flechtmann (1998). "796 Panonychus ulmi (Koch, 1836)". World catalogue of the spider mite family (Acari: Tetranychidae). Brill Publishers. pp. 140 143. ISBN 978-90-04-11087-8.