Paraphilia NOS or Paraphilia (Not Otherwise Specified) is the term used by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders to refer to any of the many other paraphilias that are not explicitly named in the manual. These include rare paraphilias such as telephone scatologia, necrophilia, zoophilia, urophilia, coprophilia, and partialism.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
- Milner, J. S., & Dopke, C. A., & Crouch, J. L. (2008). Paraphilia not otherwise specified: Psychopathology and theory. In D. R. Laws & W. O'Donohue (Eds.), Sexual deviance: Theory, assessment, and treatment (2nd ed., pp. 384-428). New York: Guilford.
- Kafka, M. P. (2010). The DSM diagnostic criteria for Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 373-376.