Passage Islands

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For the Passage Islands near Puerto Rico, see Spanish Virgin Islands.
Not to be confused with Passage Island, Falkland Islands.
Passage Islands
Islas del Pasaje
Island
Location of the Passage Islands within the Falkland Islands
Location of the Passage Islands within the Falkland Islands
Coordinates: 51°35′31″S 60°43′26″W / 51.592°S 60.724°W / -51.592; -60.724Coordinates: 51°35′31″S 60°43′26″W / 51.592°S 60.724°W / -51.592; -60.724
Country  Falkland Islands
Time zone FKST (UTC−3)
If shown, area and population ranks are for all islands and all inhabited islands in the Falklands respectively.

The Passage Islands (Spanish: Islas del Pasaje) are a group of four islands in the Falkland Islands of the South Atlantic Ocean. They lie off Dunnose Head, West Falkland, at the mouth of King George Bay.

Description[edit]

The largest of the group is Second Passage Island which 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) long from east to west and up to 2 km (1.2 mi) wide. Much of the coastline is characterised by cliffs up to 30 m high. The highest point is 75 m Sixtus Hill. Past overgrazing has caused erosion and reduced the cover of tussac. There are several ponds, one of which provides feeding habitat for waders and waterfowl. Third and Fourth Passage Islands are 800 m apart and low lying, rising to about 30 m. They were only briefly stocked with cattle in the 1960s and have good tussac coverage.[1]

Important Bird Area[edit]

The Passage Islands group has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA). Birds for which the site is of conservation significance include Falkland Steamer Ducks, Gentoo Penguins (300 breeding pairs), Southern Rockhopper Penguins (145 pairs), Southern Giant Petrels, Striated Caracaras, White-bridled Finches, Blackish Cinclodes and Cobb's Wrens.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Passage Islands Group". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife International. 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-16.