Peggy Sue (song)

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This article is about the Buddy Holly song. For the Blink-182 song, see Cheshire Cat (Blink-182 album).
"Peggy Sue"
Single by Buddy Holly
from the album Buddy Holly
B-side "Everyday"
Released September 20, 1957
November 15, 1957 (UK)
Format 7" single
Recorded June 29 and July 1, 1957, Clovis, New Mexico
Genre Rock and roll
Length 2:29
Label Coral 9-61885
Writer(s) Buddy Holly, Jerry Allison, Norman Petty
Producer(s) Norman Petty
Buddy Holly singles chronology
"Rock Around with Ollie Vee"
(1957)
"Peggy Sue"
(1957)
"Oh, Boy!"
(The Crickets)
(1957)

"Peggy Sue" is a rock and roll song written by Buddy Holly, Jerry Allison, and Norman Petty, and originally performed, recorded and released as a single by Buddy Holly in early July of 1957. The Crickets are not mentioned on the single (Coral 9-61885)[1] but both Joe B. Mauldin (string bass) and Jerry Allison (drums) are known to be featured on the recording.[2] The song was also released on Buddy Holly's self-titled 1958 album. The song is ranked #194 on the Rolling Stone magazine's 2004 list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.

The song was originally called "Cindy Lou", and was named for Buddy's niece, the daughter of his sister Pat Holley Kaiter. The title was later changed to "Peggy Sue" in reference to Crickets drummer Jerry Allison's girlfriend (and future wife), Peggy Sue Gerron, with whom he had recently had a temporary breakup.[3]

Appropriately, Allison played a prominent role in the production of the song, playing paradiddles on the drums throughout the song, the drums' sound rhythmically fading in and out as a result of real-time engineering techniques by the producer, Norm Petty. Many music critics regard this as Holly's all-time best recording.[citation needed]

The song went to #3 on the Billboard Top 100 chart in 1957. The song is currently ranked as the 106th greatest song of all time, as well as the third best song of 1957, by Acclaimed Music.[4]

Initially only Allison and Petty were listed as the song's authors.[1] At Allison's insistence, Holly was credited as a co-writer after his death.

In 1999, National Public Radio (NPR) included "Peggy Sue" on the NPR 100, a list of "The 100 most important American musical works of the 20th century".[5]

The song was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999.[6]

Sequel[edit]

Holly wrote a poignant sequel called "Peggy Sue Got Married", and recorded a demo or practice version in his New York City apartment on December 5, 1958, accompanied only by himself on guitar.[citation needed] The tape was discovered after his death, and was "enhanced" for commercial release, by adding background vocals and an electric guitar track that drowned out Holly's own playing (and almost his voice as well). The rarely heard original version was released on a vinyl collection called "The Complete Buddy Holly", and was later used over the opening credits of the 1986 Kathleen Turner film Peggy Sue Got Married.[7] After Holly's death The Crickets would also release their own cover single in 1960. They followed the original Peggy Sue arrangements with the only difference being David Box, a Buddy Holly soundalike, singing as the lead vocalist.[8]

The Beach Boys version[edit]

"Peggy Sue"
Single by The Beach Boys
from the album M.I.U. Album
B-side "Hey Little Tomboy"
Released August 28, 1978
Format 7" vinyl
Recorded April 15, 1976
Genre Rock and roll
Length 2:14
Label Brother/Reprise
Producer(s) The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys singles chronology
"Honkin' Down the Highway"
(1977)
"Peggy Sue'"
(1978)
"Here Comes the Night"
(1979)

In 1978 the American rock band the Beach Boys recorded a cover of "Peggy Sue" for their M.I.U. Album. Originally recorded on April 15, 1976, for potential inclusion on the 15 Big Ones album, the Brian Wilson production was not selected for the final album. In 1978, Al Jardine revisited this recording, tweaking it to better fit with the production styling of the M.I.U. Album. Sung by Al Jardine, the song was also a hit for them, charting at number 59 in the United States when released as a single. The original Brian Wilson-produced version of the "Peggy Sue" was accidentally issued in place of the released Al Jardine version when the "M.I.U. Album" was briefly re-issued by Sony Music in 1991, but was soon discontinued. The wrong master of "Peggy Sue," also recorded by Brian Wilson and originally slated for 15 Big Ones, was also mistakenly used on the 1991 "M.I.U. Album" re-issue. That edition of the album is now considered a rare collectors item.

Legacy[edit]

  • John Lennon covered the song on his Rock 'n' Roll album in 1975.
  • George Harrison and Bob Dylan performed the song live at the Palomino in Los Angeles in 1987.
  • In his song "Old", Paul Simon indicates his age by singing "First time I heard Peggy Sue/I was 12 years old./Russians up in rocket ships /and the war was Cold."
  • Julian Cope's 1991 album was called Peggy Suicide.
  • In an episode of Quantum Leap ("How the Tess was won"), young Buddy Holly, working as a Texas farm boy, invents the song as a homage to a piglet, calling it Piggy Sooey (a reference to hog calling). Sam Beckett suggests he calls it Peggy Sue instead and, after hearing this, he realizes that the teen, who he named "buddy", was in fact Buddy Holly.
  • In blink-182's album Cheshire Cat, one of the songs is named "Peggy Sue". The song is also featured on a live album entitled "The Mark, Tom, and Travis Show: The Enema Strikes Back".
  • In Myslovitz's album Miłość w czasach popkultury, one of the songs is named "Peggy Sue nie wyszła za mąż" (Peggy Sue did not get married).
  • In Almost Famous, the lead guitarist of the fictional band Stillwater, Russell Hammond, begins to sing this song as the plane he and his bandmates are flying in encounters severe turbulence, a reference to Buddy Holly's own death in a plane crash.
  • In 2004, the Norwegian band Trashcan Darlings released "Peggy Sue is Dead" on the "Tunes From The Trashcan EP".
  • In Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction, the waiter Buddy Holly is calling Mia Wallace "Peggy Sue" when taking her order in Jack Rabbit Slim's, a 1950s-themed restaurant staffed by lookalikes of the decade's pop icons.
  • In the alternate history novel Back in the USSA, Peggy Sue is the name of a girl the young Holly knows and is attracted to.
  • In the Wild Cards novels (another alternate history series), the song retains its original name, "Cindy Lou".[citation needed] In the fifth Wild Cards novel, Down and Dirty, it is explained that in this version of history, Jerry Allison's breakup with Peggy Sue Gerron was permanent, and thus the song's name was never changed.
  • The song is also referenced in a New Zealand children's songwriter named the Minstrel's song; "From Rock, to Roll to Rocket", in the line "Buddy Holly sang Peggy Sue".
  • The song is featured in the 2003 film Evil.
  • The song is also referenced to in the 2011 song "Man Down" by Rihanna.

Other notable recordings[edit]

1957 sheet music cover, Nor Va Jak Music, Inc., New York

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Buddy Holly: Peggy Sue at Discogs (list of releases)
  2. ^ http://buddyholly.pagesperso-orange.fr/page3.htm Buddy Holly timeline
  3. ^ Amburn, p78
  4. ^ "Acclaimed Music Top 3000 songs". 27 May 2009. 
  5. ^ NPR 100: Peggy Sue.
  6. ^ Song artist 320 - Buddy Holly. tsort.org.
  7. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0091738/soundtrack
  8. ^ http://www.buddyhollyonline.com/related/dbox.html

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]