|Part of a series on|
In ancient civilizations, the removal of the human penis was sometimes used to demonstrate superiority or dominance over an enemy. Armies were sometimes known to sever the penises of their enemies to count the dead, as well as for trophies. The practice of castration (removal of the testicles) sometimes involved the removal of all or part of the penis, generally with a tube inserted to keep the urethra open for urination. Castration has been used to create a class of servants or slaves called eunuchs in many different places and eras.
In the modern era, removing the human penis for any such activity is very rare (with some exceptions listed below), and references to removal of the penis are almost always symbolic. Castration is less rare, and is performed as a last resort in the treatment of androgen-sensitive prostate cancer.
- 1 Penis removal in medicine and psychology
- 2 History of involuntary penis removal
- 3 Treatment and effects of penis removal
- 4 Cases of penis removal
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Penis removal in medicine and psychology
Some men have penile amputations, known as penectomies, for medical reasons. Cancer, for example, sometimes necessitates removal of all or part of the penis. In some instances, botched childhood circumcisions have also resulted in full or partial penectomies.
Genital surgical procedures for trans women (transgender or transsexual women) undergoing sex reassignment surgery, do not usually involve the complete removal of the penis; part or all of the glans is usually kept and reshaped as a clitoris, and the skin of the penile shaft may also be inverted to form the vagina. When procedures such as this are not possible, other procedures such as colovaginoplasty are used which do involve the removal of the penis.
Issues related to the removal of the penis appear in psychology, for example in the condition known as castration anxiety. Others, who associate the organ with rape and male dominance and aggression, may consciously or subconsciously see the organ (their own or those of others) as a weapon and express a hatred for it, potentially desiring to see it violently removed.
Some men have undergone penectomies as a voluntary body modification, thus including it as part of a body dysmorphic disorder. Professional opinion is divided regarding the desire for penile amputation as a pathology, much as all other forms of treatment by amputation for body dysmorphic disorder. Voluntary subincision, removal of the glans penis, and bifurcation of the penis are related topics.
History of involuntary penis removal
In ancient China, for crimes including adultery, "licentious" and "promiscuous" activity, males had their penises removed in addition to being castrated. This was one of the Five Punishments that could be legally inflicted on criminals in China. They were designed to permanently disfigure for life. "Castration", in China, meant the severing of the penis in addition to the testicles, after which male offenders were sentenced to work in the palace as eunuchs. The punishment was called "gongxing" (宫刑), which meant "palace punishment", since castrated men would be enslaved to work in the harem of the palace. It was also called "fuxing"(腐刑). Husbands who committed adultery were punished with castration as required under Zhou Dynasty law. While men were castrated, women who committed adultery were punished by confinement. The exact crime was called gong, and referred to "immoral" sex between males and females. The punishment stated, "If a male and female engage in intercourse without morality, their punishments shall be castration and sequestration [respectively]."
The removal of the penis was used as a punishment for men in the Heian period in Japan, where it replaced execution. It was called rasetsu 羅切 (らせつ), and was separate from castration which was called kyūkei 宮刑 (きゅうけい). Rasetsu was done voluntarily by some Japanese Buddhist priests to ensure celibacy. Rasetsu was also known in Edo period Japan.
The word rasetsu was used in Japanese literature.
There have been incidents in which men have been assaulted, usually by their sexual partners, by having their penises severed. The case of John and Lorena Bobbitt, for example, was popularly known for Lorena Bobbitt, cutting off the penis of her husband John in a rage, after he allegedly raped her. He claimed it was for revenge after she discovered his infidelity. Bobbitt's penis was successfully reattached, and he later had a brief career in pornographic movies.
This was not the first modern case, however. On May 18, 1936, Sada Abe strangled her lover, Kichizo Ishida (believed to be at his request, he wanted to die while having sex), and cut off his penis, placed it in her kimono and carried it around with her for days before eventually turning it over to the police. She spent a brief time in jail, and was granted amnesty in 1940. The penis was last seen at a department store exhibition in 1949. This episode was the basis of the film In the Realm of the Senses.
Mutilation or forcible removal of the penis can have special symbolic significance. As a symbol of male sexuality, fertility, and masculinity, the removal of the penis may be inspired by a desire to emasculate the victim.
From 1973 to 1980, one hundred cases of Thai women cutting off their husbands' penises were recorded, most of them were not reattached. Only with eighteen out of the hundred Thai men whose penises were severed was reattachment even attempted, and the reattachments were abysmal. The spate was due to the prevalent practice of Thai men keeping secondary "wives" as sexual partners. While permitted in traditional Thai culture, current Thai law enforces monogamy. The increase in penis severings was possibly stimulated by Thai women agitating and instigating more women to commit the act.
Most Thai women who cut their husband's penis are not prosecuted. Dr. Surasak Muangsombut is a prominent Thai surgeon known for reattaching penises. He has reattached 32 penises, most of them cut by wives who drugged their husbands, as revenge for adultery. In all of his cases none of the women faced prosecution, the predominant view in Thailand being that the men deserved it.
On August 15, 2008, it was reported in Thailand that a domestic abuse study of the previous decade by Mahidol University uncovered that some Thai men had their penises cut off by their wives due to rampant sexual abuse and other attacks on women. In 2003, a rise in domestic violence by Chinese women against Chinese men was reported, including beatings and occasionally women cutting off their husband's penis.
In 2006, in southern Vietnam, a spate of Vietnamese women cutting off their husbands' penises due to adultery, alcoholism and abuse was reported. All fifteen reported incidents occurred close to Ho Chi Minh City. In twelve of the incidents the penis was reattached to the body. It was noted that Thailand's many cases of penis severings could have played a role in the events in Vietnam, since the attacks were abnormal.
An article titled "Status Quo of Female Criminals in Nanjing" was translated on the All-China Women's Federation's website on July 21, 2008, concerning the rise in young female criminals over the previous three years, numbering 2,140 and mostly aged 35 or younger. Under "Crime Caused by Impulsion", it stated that several incidents in Nanjing in China occurred where Chinese men had their penis severed by their wives. An explanation given by a procurator was that, "Their reasons are simple. The wife could not bear the fact that her husband is gambling or cheating on her. It is a crime of impulsion in an emotional crisis." It also stated the majority of the women criminals in Nanjing were given short amounts of jail time or not punished at all.
Treatment and effects of penis removal
Severing the penis without removing the testicles causes intense sexual frustration, since sexual urges and drive originate from the testicles but with no penis there is no way to satisfy them.It is unclear because of the reluctance of victims of penis removal who have undergone penis reconstruction surgery to go to checkups, but acute pain when sitting on a bicycle saddle or other similar surfaces (and perhaps other activities that put much weight on the crotch area) may persist for a long period of time after the surgery, or even permanently.
A study of penis reattachment in China found that in a group of 50 men, all but one reacquired functionality, even though some involved full reconstructive surgery using tissue and bone. Reportedly some of these men later fathered children.
If reattachment is not an option, doctors can reconstruct a penis from muscle and skin grafted from another part of the body like the forearm. However, a penile implant is needed for an erection to be possible, the reconstructed penis would look strange and would either not be able to ejaculate, or ejaculate with less force. The patients are often dissatisfied with the reconstructed penis. Standing during urination is an advantage offered by a reconstructed penis. If penis reconstruction is not done, the patient will have to squat in order to urinate since doctors reroute the entrance of the urethra to below the scrotum.
Various methods used by women to prevent reattachment of the penis after severing include flushing them down the toilet, feeding them to animals like ducks or dogs, boiling them in water, contaminating the penis with dirt or sand, and grinding the penis in a garbage disposal or a kitchen blender.
Cases of penis removal
- In Liuba, Shaanxi province, China, an 1830 memorial contained a case from the Beijing Gazette. A man named Lin Guoheng had his penis severed with a shaving knife by his daughter-in-law Woman Xie while he tried to have sex with her. Her husband Lin Xueyong was not present. This incident became a landmark case for Chinese law during the Qing dynasty.
- In 1902, following his mental state deterioration, William Chester Minor cuts off his own penis. He was, at this time, in a lunatic asylum and one of the most prolific contributors to the Oxford English Dictionary.
- On October 1, 1923, in the Soviet Union, a man's penis was severed by his 24-year-old wife, Anastasia E., after he cheated on her and gave her a sexually transmitted disease.
- In the 1930s, in China, the Chinese press reported that a man who was cheating on his wife had his penis severed by her. It was considered too sensitive to run the story in the English language Shanghai media.
- In April 1979, in Toronto, Canada, a taxi driver was killed by seventeen-year-old Susan Lynn Wood, after which she severed his genitalia.
- In April 1980, in Los Angeles, USA, a boy, eight years old, who returned home late from school angered his father because he was late. His penis was then sliced off and flushed by his father down a toilet. After a 90 minute hunt, the penis was located and retrieved from the sewers by police and firemen. 180 metres away from the house, a wire mesh was set up at a location and the penis was forced toward the mesh by water pressure. Dr. Howard Frydman and his team operated on and reattached the penis. The boy's father was imprisoned.
- On October 22, 1985, in Sydney, Australia, a 5-year-old Cambodian boy had his penis reattached after his forty-year-old mother severed it. The mother thought that her husband's spirit was inside the penis.
- In 1986 in the New Territories of Hong Kong, a Chinese man named Au Siu was asleep when his first wife used a knife to sever his penis. Au and four women, including his first wife, were living in the same hut and his wife cut his penis because he was having an affair with another one of them. Dr. Peter Chan of the Prince of Wales Hospital reattached his penis. He also performed penile reconstruction on another Chinese man in the New Territories after his former wife cut off his penis and flushed it down the toilet.
- On May 21, 1987, it was reported that on May 18, 1987, Monday, in Manila, Philippines, thirty five-year-old Rogelio Mejes was drugged by his pregnant girlfriend who then severed his penis at a motel. She did it because he advised her to get an abortion.
- In 1987, in Hong Kong, 40-year-old Lin Yuk-sang was sleeping while his 39-year-old wife Tsui Mei-ying used scissors to sever a portion of his penis and flushing it in the toilet afterwards, due to his infidelity.
- In 1989, in Thailand, a man's penis was cut off by his wife. She cooked it in a soup after she used a meat grinder on it.
- On March 12, 1991 it was reported that on the previous day in Hong Kong, a 35-year-old Chinese man was asleep when his wife used scissors to sever his penis, which woke him up. The penis was flushed into the toilet by the woman, and the man was brought to the hospital.
- On June 20, 1992, in Shanghai, China at the Shanghai Children's Welfare Institute a girl hurt a five-year-old Chinese boy named Wei Zhi when she used scissors and almost sliced off his penis, while they were left alone. The injury was severe, gangrene set in after his penis was stitched, causing him to lose a part of the organ; more stitches were then added.
- On July 15, 1992, in Singapore, a 20-year-old maid was sentenced to imprisonment for six months after she used matches to burn the penis of a 4-year-old Chinese boy, Lin Jingchuan, because he urinated on his bed.
- In September 1992, in Bangladesh, Abdul Motaleb was tricked by his ex-wife Sharmin Begum into visiting her house, where he was ambushed by several persons who restrained him while Begum severed his penis. Begum was arrested by the police.
- In October 1992, in Nakhodka, Russia, 25-year-old Vasily's penis and testicles were sliced off by his lover Tamara, 35 years old. She used a knife, and the doctors were unable to reattach the organs. She was upset that they were breaking up, since Vasily felt she was too old for him.
- On September 29, 1993, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, a Chinese taxi driver, Tai Kit Lim was attacked by a woman who used a penknife to sever his penis while trying to rob him. He was brought to Kuala Lumpur General Hospital and treated for his injury, having survived the attack.
- In February 1994, in Xinyang, Henan, China, the Tianjin Today Evening News reported that a 27-year-old Chinese man, Hu Changfa, had his penis severed by his wife Zhang. She committed suicide after cutting it due to Hu's gambling addiction.
- In 1994, in Henan, China, an infant Chinese boy bled to death when his six- and seven-year-old sisters used a paring knife to sever his penis, since they took their father Wang Tianbao seriously after he joked about cutting off his son's penis, since his family was fined for having a boy when they already had two daughters due to China's One Child policy. The girls were then killed by Wang before he committed suicide.
- In May 1994, Hong Kong, a 43-year-old Chinese man, Wong Cheong-do has his penis severed by his wife during an argument. The penis was reattached.
- On October 6, 1994, in Jamalpur, Bangladesh, eighteen-year-old Monwara Begum used a knife to cut off the penis of an intruder who entered her hut and went onto her bed.
- In February 1996, a woman in southern China, Cheng Meiping, was executed for cutting off her husband's penis and murdering him.
- In March 1996, in Sydney, Australia, Tom Thong Tran's penis was sliced at by his wife Tran Tu Tran and it almost came off, with only a "thread" connecting it to his body. Tom was hospitalized, but charges against his wife were dismissed after he asked the judge to do so.
- On March 25, 1997, it was reported that on March 19, 1997, Wednesday, in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary islands, Spain, a 78-year-old man who made overtures to a 19-year-old Spanish girl had his penis severed by her. The man was a widower and the already married girl had two children.
- On July 1, 1997, in Vancouver, Canada, 42-year-old Vi Hoc Phung was asleep when his 38-year-old wife Kim Phuong Tran used a meat cleaver to completely sever his penis up to his pubic bone. She then flushed the penis down a toilet. Phung could no longer have sex and what remained of his organ was only a stub. The couple was Vietnamese.
- On July 14, 1997, Earl Zea had cut off his own penis with a pair of gardening shears and flushed it down the toilet in an attempt to deter a gay man named Ronnie Fountain, from stalking him. Both men appeared on The Jerry Springer Show in an episode titled "I Cut Off My Manhood", in which Fountain claimed they were lovers, but Zea denied it. Earl was later prosecuted for filing a false police report about being assaulted while he was asleep, only to admit it was out of self-mutilation. A follow up episode, explored Earl and Ronnie's lives since then.
- On November 30, 1997 it was reported that on November 29, 1997, Friday, in Rantau Panjang, Kelantan, Malaysia, a Chinese boy, eleven years old, had his penis severed during a burglary in his house by a woman from Myanmar after she stabbed and then failed to suffocate him. She used a motorcycle to escape after her burglary bid went awry. The woman was a foreign worker. The Sin Chew Jit, a Chinese Malaysian newspaper, reported the incident. The boy's penis was not reattached although he survived.
- On January 13, 1998, in Beijing, China, a Chinese man's penis was severed by his 28-year-old wife with scissors; she claimed it was due to his infidelity and maltreatment of her.
- In 1999, A man named JC had cut off his own penis in an attempt at a sex change, claiming he was a woman trapped inside a man's body and refused to elaborate in where he got rid of the penis for reattachment when he got to the hospital. He appeared on the Jerry Springer Show where his disappointed family and friends confronted him for his actions. Later on, a woman wanted her husband to do the same thing, but JC's family and friends called her out for it.
- On August 19, 2001, in Battambang, Cambodia, a 23-year-old Cambodian man, Rin Bros, was dragged from a police station by a gang of women who severed his penis and chopped it to pieces. They then killed him by beating and stabbing him. Bros was accused of three rapes and was being questioned by the police before the women stormed the police station and killed him as soon as they heard he was there. The police took no action and just watched the women during the murder, and none of the women were arrested or punished. A Cambodian newspaper described the incident as "Angry women undressed the man and cut his penis off with a knife and chopped it into small pieces like pork."
- On March 4, 2001, in Hong Kong, Chu Chi-lik, 41 years old, was drugged by his 42-year-old wife Lam Yuk-kam and his penis severed due to his infidelity. The penis was reattached.
- Om November 9, 2001, in Hong Kong, 27-year-old Poon Shuk-yee used a paper cutter to sever her 35-year-old lover Chan Chi-keung's penis while they were engaged in sexual activity, since Chan wanted to break up. A reattachment operation was performed on Chan and it was successful. Poon was sentenced to four and a half years in prison.
- On December 2001, in Hong Kong, after a man's penis was severed by his wife; she was sentenced to four years in prison.
- In 2002 in Hong Kong, 30-year-old Lai Kwok-fai was asleep when his 46-year-old girlfriend Chan Lai-ching used scissors to cut at his penis. His foreskin was cut off and he was stitched at the hospital.
- On May 31, 2002, Haizhu District, China, Liu Ying cut off her husband Zhang's penis with a pair of scissors. She was sentenced to five years in prison.
- On July 10, 2002, in Guangdong, China, Mo Mou cut off her husband Lu's penis with scissors then flushed the penis down the toilet. Lu was sexually disabled permanently.
- On July 22, 2002, Hunan Province, China, a 28-year-old woman, Xie Mouju (born on August 27, 1974 in Yuanling County, Hunan) drugged her husband Lu Yinchun, then tied him up in bed, and severed his penis with a kitchen knife. He then bled to death.
- On September 22, 2002, Futian, Shenzhen, China, a 30-year-old man named He Xiaohong was asleep when his penis was severed by his wife Jiang Haiyun with a knife. She had drugged his water and fled for over 12 hours before returning the penis, which she had taken. The penis suffered from necrosis and was entirely blackened, so it could not be reattached. She had learned from her cousin, who attempted to cut off her husband's penis with scissors, only for it to be reattached, that it had to be completely separated for a long period of time to prevent reattachment. The operation to reattach it was unsuccessful, so, although he recovered, he was left with only his testicles. He described his life as "living death". The couple was from Shaoyang, Hunan. His injuries were qualified as disabling.
- In 2003, China, Wuxi in Jiangsu province a man had his penis cut off by his wife.
- On February 12, 2003, China, Liu Yeqing (pseudonym) cut off her 30-year-old boyfriend Chun Xiong's penis with a fruit knife. It was reattached at a hospital.
- On April 2003, in Shihlin, Taipei, Taiwan, a Chinese Filipino man named Tsai was sleeping when his 46-year-old wife Virginia severed his penis. She fled to the Philippines after she flushed his penis in the toilet. The lack of an extradition treaty between Taiwan and the Philippines hampered Taiwan's request for the Philippines to hand over Virginia. Tsai was taken to the hospital by their 17-year-old son, where he was treated by doctors and survived. The chief surgeon Hung Cheng-sheng said that "he is traumatized because only 2.5 centimetres of his penis is left and he won't be able to have sex again".
- On May 4, 2003, Huadu District, Guangzhou, China, Zhang cut off her lover Lai's penis with a kitchen knife and placed it into a pot of boiling water, which prevented reattachment. She was concerned about his relations with other women. Lai was left permanently disabled.
- On June 9, 2003, in Fuzhou, Fujian, China, Chen cut off her boyfriend's penis with a pair of scissors and threw it in the trash. The penis was reattached.
- On July 2, 2003, in Shanghai, China, a woman Liu Li bit her 27-year-old boyfriend Wang Lin's penis, completely severing the corpus cavernosum penis, leaving a small bit of skin. She brought him to the hospital with his pants stained with blood.
- On July 11, 2003, in Dongfang, Hainan, China, a woman used a fruit knife to cut off the penis of her 40-year-old husband Huang.
- On August 14, 2003, Guangzhou, China, a woman cut off the penis of her 52-year-old husband. The penis was reattached.
- On August 30, 2003, in Zhangjiagang, China, a woman surnamed Yin from Henan cut off her 30-year-old husband Jiang Chen's penis with scissors. He was also from Henan.
- On September 17, 2003, Nanjing, China, a 44-year-old woman cut off her husband's penis with a pair of scissors.
- On December 18, 2003, China, a public hearing was held against a woman called Yang who cut off her husband's penis.
- On December 25, 2003, in Singapore a 22-year-old Indonesian maid, Suharti Sumito, was sentenced by Judge Kow Keng Siong to prison for 18 months after she used a knife to cut the penis of a 2-year-old Chinese boy, leaving an injury 2 cm in length on September 1 in a condominium in Bukit Timah. The wound was stitched. She had cut chicken with the knife before she cut the boy. The boy suffered permanent disability. The knife was 10 cm.
- In 2003, in western India, it was reported by NDTV that Parkeet Manjhi had his penis cut off by four women after he turned down an offer from them for sex. His penis was reattached at a Mumbai hospital. The police reported this was the third such incident in two years.
- On June 12, 2006, in Hong Kong, a 5 month old Chinese boy was injured when a maid almost severed his penis, cutting a ring around the penis's circumference, which resulted in severe bleeding. The child was treated at the hospital and the maid was given a sentence of up to two years in jail.
- On October 5, 2006, in Nanjing, China, a Chinese man named Li Gengbao was sleeping when his wife Yao Fengfang severed his penis; he woke up after feeling pain and begged her to take him to the hospital and return his penis, which she was holding. She then flung his penis out of a window, at which point a dog which belonged to a neighbor ate the penis. Li drove himself to the hospital where he was treated, but there was no reattachment since the dog ate the penis. After she saw his taxi at his ex-wife's house Yao accused Li of infidelity. Yao was given a three-year sentence. Li's sexual life was permanently destroyed.
- On April 10, 2007, in Tanglang New Village, Xili Subdistrict, Nanshan District of Shenzhen, China, a 28 year old Chinese man from Hunan province named Yi was tied up to his bed by his girlfriend Wang, who then used scissors to slice his penis off and flushed it down the toilet. Wang was 24 years old, and from Xinyang, Henan province and the couple were both migrant workers. Yi allowed Wang to restrain him by tying him up as an apology after he beat her, pleading with her to forgive him, during an argument over a pictures of other girls which Wang found on a phone which belonged to Yi. Wang had dared Yi to beat her while they were yelling. She asked him who the girls on his phone were, and when he told her that they were his girlfriends she cut his entire penis off at the base. The couple had one daughter, born in 2002. There was no reattachment operation since the penis could not be retrieved from the toilet. Only 1.5 cm of his penis from the base remained, with the rest cut off. Functions such as urination were restored by surgery, but his ability to have sex was permanently destroyed. Wang was given a light sentence of five years, after the court accepted her arguments that she was abused.
- On October 8, 2008, in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province, China, after a 29-year-old Chinese man named Luo engaged in sexual intercourse with his 25-year-old girlfriend Huang, his penis was severed with a fruit knife by Huang because he was cheating on her with multiple girlfriends. She threw the penis into a sugarcane field where the police retrieved it while he was treated at the hospital.
- On July 8, 2009, in Leqing, Zhejiang, China, a Chinese sailor named Nan was asleep when his wife used a kitchen knife to sever his penis. She cleaned the knife and left money for their daughter before turning herself in. She had quarreled with him and accused him of infidelity, and was given 13 years in jail. The penis was flushed down a toilet and not reattached.
- On April 11, 2011, in Dubai, UAE, an Emirati man, 77 years old, had his penis cut off by his 26-year-old Bangladeshi maid, J.N. She used a razor and claimed he had raped her. Both of them were charged with crimes.
- On July 12, 2011, in Dongguan, Guangdong, China, a Chinese man, Liang Quan, 24 years old, was asleep when his 31-year-old girlfriend Yin used a knife to sever most of his penis, because Liang wanted to break up with her since his family didn't approve of her. He lost a massive amount of blood, and most of the penis was severed with a small amount of it still connected. It was reattached but his ability to have sex was severely impaired.
- On July 13, 2011 in Garden Grove, California USA 48-year-old real estate agent Catherine Kieu Becker cut off the penis of her estranged husband and destroyed it in the kitchen garbage disposal.
- On April 5, 2012, in Nghi Loc district, Nghe An province, Vietnam, a Vietnamese man named Vo Van T who hugged his neighbor Nghia's wife was attacked and his penis cut off by Nghia, who was furious over seeing Vo hug his 29 year old wife. Vo was brought to Hanoi's Vietnam-Germany Hospital for a reattachment operation.
- On August 2012, in Vietnam, Dong Thap province, Tan Kieu commune, three Vietnamese boys were bitten by a penis eating fish. On August 5 Nguyen Huu Thien, seven years old, had nearly all of his penis bitten off, and on August 9, Nguyen Hoan Hao, four years old, had half of his penis bitten off. Their penises were reattached at a hospital. They both had been swimming in the Kenh Giua River. The hospital did not release information on the third boy who had his penis bitten off. It was speculated that the fish were either white pomfrets or blowfish.
- On September 23, 2012, in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, a 44 year old Vietnamese man severed his own penis to show his wife he was not having extramarital affairs, after she refused to have sex with him because she suspected him of cheating. The penis was reattached at People's Hospital 115.
- On November 13, 2012, in Zhuji, China, a 36 year old Chinese man surnamed Chen from Guizhou was attacked by a woman who used a knife to cut off his penis while he was asleep. Chen called his wife for help, and he was then sent to Hangzhou plastic surgery hospital where his penis was reattached.
- On December 20, 2012, in Hong Kong, it was reported that a Chinese man was drugged with rat poison by his wife, who severed his penis and flushed it down the toilet. The woman also killed their two sons by poison and suffocation before attempting suicide, because of her husband's adultery.
- On December 26, 2012, in Chai Wan, Hong Kong, a 32-year-old Chinese man surnamed Zhou from Hubei was attacked by his girlfriend, who used scissors to nearly slice his penis off and beat him to death with a hammer while he was asleep. Their daughter witnessed the attack and the woman was arrested.
- On May 13, 2013, in Shanghai, a Chinese man surnamed Gu has his penis severed by his wife, surnamed Zhang, who coaxed him into bed under the pretense of sex, where she hid the scissors used to cut off his penis in the mattress. While Gu was treated at a hospital, the penis could not be reattached, and Zhang explained that she did it because he had extramarital affairs and took a woman home on that day. The Songjiang District People's Court ordered her imprisoned for three years.
- On May 17, 2013, in Cornwall, United Kingdom, a 43-year-old man believed to be suffering from mental instability, removed his own penis using a kitchen knife whilst standing in the middle of a street in his hometown of Penryn. The man collapsed, bleeding heavily, and was admitted to hospital with "non life-threatening" injuries. One of the witnesses to the incident, later found the man's penis in his garden.
- On June 7, 2013, in Shanghai, China, a 35-year-old Chinese man surnamed Han was awakened when his wife Zhang used scissors to sever his entire penis all the way to the base, which left him in excruciating pain. Zhang then flushed the penis down a toilet. She did it because Han threatened to divorce her, and she wanted to stop him from remarrying since she feared a stepmother would mistreat their two sons. Zhang used a 20 cm long pair of sharp scissors to sever the penis. She was six years younger than Han. Even after Han had surgery to restore his urethra, he is now forced to squat when urinating. Han forgave her and she was released on bail. Three months later, with Han still wanting a divorce, Zhang used crushed sleeping pills to drug his milk and then cut off the rest of his genitalia with scissors and flushed it down the toilet, leaving Han screaming in pain. Zhang then turned herself in and summoned an ambulance. Han's genitalia were completely cut off.
- On July 16, 2013, in Baysour, Lebanon, a family severed the penis of a sunni Muslim man who eloped with their daughter. The man was tricked to come for a reconciliation meeting, when he was kidnapped, beaten, and had his penis severed and his testicles crushed.
- On September 21, 2013, in Guangdong province, China a 1 year-old Chinese boy was attacked by a 47 year old woman surnamed Lee, who completely severed his penis with a knife. The penis was reattached at a hospital but the boy had to undergo another surgery after complications, since severe damange was inflicted on the blood vessels, urethra, and nerves.
- On October 5, 2013, in Changsha, Hunan province, China, a 31 year old Chinese man named Guo Jian (pseudonym) was asleep when his 28 year old wife Li Hong (pseudonym) used scissors to cut off his penis. Li turned herself in to the police after hiding with the penis for 40 hours, by which time it was too late to reattach the penis when she handed it over. Guo was treated at the hospital. Li cut his penis off since they argued over what surname their newborn son should have and since Li had given birth and could not have sex with Guo, she thought he was having extramarital affairs. Li was placed under "residential surveillance" by the police in order for her to care for her newborn baby. Li had carried the penis in a bag while she was hiding. The severed penis stored frozen in a freezer at the hospital since it could not be reattached. Doctors were forced to perform debridement surgery after which only 2 inches of the root of his penis were left, with skin missing.
- On January 29, 2014, in Minhang District, Shanghai, China, a 30 year old Chinese man surnamed Xia, from Anhui province was unconscious and drunk when his 40 year old girlfriend, surnamed Tu, from Sichuan, severed his penis with a knife, because she thought he was going to end their relationship since he purchased only one train ticket for himself to return home. Xia's parents were against their relationship, and Xia was nine years younger than Tu.< While Xia sent Tu to the hospital, she placed his severed penis in a thermos with boiling water. The penis was cooked after being boiled and could not be reattached.
- On February 27, 2014, in Vietnam, Hai Phong, a Vietnamese man who was 21 years old cut off his own penis with a razor after taking methamphetamine. The penis was reattached.
- On March 13, 2014, in South Bank, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, a 40 year old man (Kelvin 'Kelly' Hewitt) was found wandering along the A66 road at 4.30 am in a distressed state. After three months, no charges were ever brought and no explanation was ever given (nor complaint file) by Hewitt, and police—offering no explanation—declared the case "closed." The missing penis was not found so could not be reattached.
- On April 8, 2014, in Vietnam, Tien Giang Province, a Vietnamese man severed his own penis and threw it into a canal because he was angry at his wife. He was treated and stitched up at a hospital, but the missing penis could not be reattached.
- On April 16, 2014, rapper Christ Bearer severed his own penis and jumped from a second floor balcony.
- On July 9, 2014, a 19-year-old man in Palm Desert, California high on Methamphetamine cut off his own penis and was flown to the UCSD Medical Center for surgery.
- On October 12, 2014, a 40-year-old man had his penis cut off by an angry mob in Ganganagar, India after an attempted rape on a teenager. The man reportedly attempted to have sex with the teenager in the city of Ganganagar, India, but locals found him down an alley, pinning the terrified girl to a wall. The 40-year-old was then dragged away by the angry mob of vigilantes while they all decided what to do with him. Unfortunately for the alleged attempted rapist, what they decided was to take him to a local butcher's shop where they apparently beat him with sticks for an hour and then hacked off his penis with a meat cleaver. A local police spokesman said: "People cannot take the law into your own hands. As deplorable as these crimes are, law and order has to be maintained, and not lynch justice". The man was eventually taken to hospital and the girl was treated for shock and given counselling.
- Aphallia, a condition where the phallus (penis or clitoris) is absent
- Apophallation, Amputation of the penis in some species of air-breathing land slugs
- David Reimer – A Canadian man whose penis was removed during circumcision.
- John and Lorena Bobbitt
- Genital retraction syndrome
- Penis transplantation
- Sada Abe
- Loblaw, DA; Mendelson DS; Talcott JA et al. (July 15, 2004). "American Society of Clinical Oncology recommendations for the initial hormonal management of androgen-sensitive metastatic, recurrent, or progressive prostate cancer". Journal of Clinical Oncology 22 (14): 2927–41. doi:10.1200/JCO.2004.04.579. PMID 15184404.
- Terris, Martha K; Audrey Rhee et al. (August 1, 2006). "Prostate Cancer: Metastatic and Advanced Disease". eMedicine. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
- Myers, Charles E (August 24, 2006). "Androgen Resistance, Part 1". Prostate Cancer Research Institute. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
- Colapinto, John (December 11, 1997). "The True Story of John/Joan". Rolling Stone. pp. 54–97.
- Lalor, John Joseph (1882). Cyclopaedia of political science, political economy, and of the political history of the United States, Volume 1. Rand, McNally. p. 406.
- Ibsch, Elrud and Fokkema, Douwe Wessel (2000). The conscience of humankind: literature and traumatic experiences. Rodopi. p. 176. ISBN 9042004207.
- Hodgson, Dorothy Louise (2001). Gendered modernities: ethnographic perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 250. ISBN 0312240139.
- Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. China Branch (1895). Journal of the China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society for the year ..., Volumes 27–28. The Branch. p. 160.
- Women of China. 1988. p. 44.
- Sommer, Matthew Harvey (2002). A Sex, Law, and Society in Late Imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 33. ISBN 0804745595.
- Gill, Robin D. (2007). The Woman Without a Hole – & Other Risky Themes from Old Japanese Poems (illustrated ed.). Paraverse Press. p. 202. ISBN 0974261882.
- Gill, Robin D. (2007). Octopussy, Dry Kidney & Blue Spots – Dirty Themes from 18-19c Japanese Poems (illustrated ed.). Paraverse Press. p. 202. ISBN 0974261858.
- Constantine, P. (1994). Japanese Slang Uncensored. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 83, 164. ISBN 4900737038.
- Wood, Michael S. (2009). Literary Subjects Adrift: A Cultural History of Early Modern Japanese Castaway Narratives, Ca. 1780—1880. University of Oregon. ProQuest. p. 330. ISBN 110911978X.
- Moerman, D. Max (2009). "Demonology and Eroticism Islands of Women in the Japanese Buddhist Imagination". Japanese Journal of Religious Studies (Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture) 36 (2): 351–380 (375). JSTOR 40660972.
- Faure, Bernard (1998). The Red Thread: Buddhist Approaches to Sexuality (reprint ed.). Princeton University Press. p. 35. ISBN 0691059977.
- Faure, Bernard (1998). The Red Thread: Buddhist Approaches to Sexuality (reprint ed.). Princeton University Press. p. 35. ISBN 0691059977.
- Gill, Robin D. (2009). A Dolphin in the Woods: Composite Translation, Paraversing and Distilling Prose (illustrated ed.). Paraverse Press. p. 181. ISBN 0984092315.
- Meaning of 宮刑 in Japanese. RomajiDesu Japanese dictionary
- 宮刑 – English translation. bab.la Japanese-English dictionary
- 宮刑 in English translated from Japanese. Vocing
- Japanese Vocabulary » 宮刑 on January 1, 2010 (January 1, 2010). "Japanese Vocabulary: 宮刑 » SayJack". Ja-jp.sayjack.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- Definition for: 宮刑. 2000 Kanji: A Japanese Dictionary
- 宮刑. Tangorin Japanese Dictionary
- translation of 宮刑 in English. Japanese-English dictionary
- Bao, Jiemin (2005). Marital acts: gender, sexuality, and identity among the Chinese Thai diaspora. University of Hawaii Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-8248-2740-6.
- Panati, Charles (1998). Sexy origins and intimate things: the rites and rituals of straights, gays, bi's, drags, trans, virgins, and others. Penguin Books. p. 143. ISBN 0-14-027144-9.
- Altman, Lawrence K. (July 13, 1993). "THE DOCTOR' WORLD; Artful Surgery: Reattaching a Penis". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- AFP (July 8, 2004). "Thailand carves out unique niche in surgery". Taipei Times. p. 5. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Abrahams, Marc (November 19, 2012). "Why Thai women cut off their husbands' penises". The Guardian (London). Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Chance, Matthew (July 25, 1997). "Bobbitry: the Thai revenge". The Independent (London). Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "QUOTE UNQUOTE". The Independent (London). July 26, 1997. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "Lem, kjære lem". VG Nett. March 8, 1998. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Sarnsamak, Pongphon (August 15, 2008). "Violence against women 'an everyday '". The Nation. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Sarnsamak, Pongphon (August 15, 2008). "Violence against women 'an everyday' thing". The Nation, ANN. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Sarnsamak, Pongphon (August 15, 2008). "Violence against women 'an everyday' thing". ASIAONE. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Survey says 10% of family violence victims are men". China Daily HK Edition. September 3, 2003. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Marsh, David (February 25, 2006). "The unkindest cut for cheating husbands". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- chinagate.com.cn (July 21, 2008). "Status Quo of Female Criminals in Nanjing". All-China Women's Federation. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
- chinagate.com.cn. "Status Quo of Female Criminals in Nanjing". All-China Women's Federation. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- HEALTH CARE IN CHINA-TRANSPLANTS AND DRUGS – China | Facts and Details[dead link]
- Rettner, Rachael (July 13, 2011). "Man's Penis Cut Off By Wife: How Could Doctors Make a New One?". MyHealthNewsDaily. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Rettner, Rachael (July 13, 2011). "Man's Penis Cut Off By Wife: How Could Doctors Make a New One?". Live Science. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Conley, Mikaela (July 12, 2011). "Wife Chops Off Husband's Penis, Throws in Garbage Disposal". ABC news. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Maugh, Thomas H. II (July 15, 2011). "There are options for penis repair after mutilation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "SCIENCE WATCH; Sexual Organ Surgery". The New York Times. March 14, 1989. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "A quacking good yarn". Bangkok Post. August 14, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Tung, Thanh (April 25, 2009). "Men should hold onto dongs, due to recent slashes". Thanh Nien News. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- ""Your Honor, I am Innocent": Law and Society in Late Imperial China (Ming-te Pan)". p. 1. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Zhu, Qingqi (Chu, Ch'ing-ch'i,) (1968). Xing'an huilan [Conspectus of Legal Cases]. Vol. 53, 2a-4b (reprint of the 1886 ed.). Taipei: Cheng wen chubanshe. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Qu, Tongzu (1961). Law and society in traditional China. Mouton. p. 113.
- Ashwin, Sarah (2000). Ashwin, Sarah, ed. Gender, State, and Society in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia (illustrated ed.). Psychology Press. ISBN 0415214882.
- Naiman, Eric (1997). Sex in Public: The Incarnation of Early Soviet Ideology (illustrated ed.). Princeton University Press. pp. 124–125. ISBN 0691026262.
- French, Paul (2009). Through the Looking Glass: China's Foreign Journalists from Opium Wars to Mao (illustrated ed.). Hong Kong University Press. p. 160. ISBN 9622099823.
- Fortean times, Issues 71–77. John Brown Pub. 1993. p. 33.
- "Father cuts off son's penis". The Phoenix. Apr 24, 1980. p. 2. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "Critical aid for boy grievously wounded". The Straits Times. October 22, 1985. p. 36. Retrieved June 7, 2012.The Straits Times, 22 October 1985 Critical aid for boy grievously wounded [Articles] Page 36, REUTERS
- "THE UNKINDEST CUT OF ALL". South China Morning Post. March 6, 1994. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Pregnant woman castrates lover for abortion idea". The Straits Times. May 21, 1987. p. 8. Retrieved June 7, 2012.The Straits Times, 21 May 1987 Pregnant woman castrates lover for abortion idea [Articles] Page 8, AFP
- "Jail for woman who cut off hubby's pride". New Straits Times. August 6, 1987. p. 7. Retrieved April 10, 2012. Bernama-AFP
- Hyena, Hank (November 12, 1999). "Plague of penis-slashing cuts across planet". Salon.com. Retrieved April 10, 2012.Bernama-AFP
- "The no-penis club". Chiprowe.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- Rowe, Chip (Mar 1994). "Naked City". Spy (Sussex Publishers, LLC) 8 (5): 20. ISSN 0890-1759.
- Herring, Richard (2004). Talking Cock (reprint ed.). Da Capo Press. p. 197. ISBN 1560256087.
She should have taken a leaf out of the book of the wife of Lin Yuk- Sang, who when she found out her husband had been cheating on her, cut off his penis with a pair of scissors and (this is the genius part) flushed it down the toilet.
- Fortean times, Issues 71–77. John Brown Pub. 1993. p. 33.
In 1989 a jealous wife in Thailand separated her husband from his schlong, fed it through a meat grinder and made him eat it in soup.
- "Wife cuts off hubby's penis". The Straits Times. March 12, 1991. p. 6. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  The Straits Times, 12 March 1991 Wife cuts off hubby's penis [Articles] Page 6, AFP
- Munro, Robin; Human Rights Watch/Asia (1996). Munro, Robin; Rigsby, Jeff, eds. Death by Default: A Policy of Fatal Neglect in China's State Orphanages (illustrated ed.). Human Rights Watch. p. 270. ISBN 1-56432-163-0. Archived from the original on January 1, 1996. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- Munro, Robin; Human Rights Watch/Asia (1996). Munro, Robin; Rigsby, Jeff, eds. Death by Default: A Policy of Fatal Neglect in China's State Orphanages (illustrated ed.). Human Rights Watch. ISBN 1-56432-163-0. Archived from the original on January 1, 1996. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- Chong, Elena (July 15, 1992). "Maid burned boy with matches for wetting bed". The Straits Times. p. 22. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  The Straits Times, 15 July 1992 Maid burned boy with matches for wetting bed [Articles + Illustrations] Page 22
- Verma, Audrey (2010). "Multiple Forms of Violence in Maid-Employer Relations in Singapore List 1: Reports of court cases involving FDWs as defendants" (MSc Thesis). Singapore: National University of Singapore: Singapore: National University of Singapore. pp. 1–3. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Unkindest cut for ex-husband". New Straits Times. Sep 23, 1992. p. 13. Retrieved April 10, 2012. Winnipeg, Manitoba
- "Russian woman's revenge". New Straits Times. October 22, 1992. p. 13. Retrieved April 10, 2012.Reuter
- "THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS EDITED BY MIKE PINGREE". Boston Herald. October 25, 1992. p. 18. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "the no-penis club". Chiprowe.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- Chip Rowe (Mar 1994). "Naked City". Spy (Sussex Publishers, LLC) 8 (5): 20. ISSN 0890-1759.
- "Woman commuter cuts off cabby's penis in robbery bid". The Straits Times. September 29, 1993. p. 13. Retrieved April 10, 2012.The Straits Times, 29 September 1993 Woman commuter cuts off cabby's penis in robbery bid [Articles] Page 13, REUTERS
- Asiaweek, Volume 20, Issues 1–26. Asiaweek Limited. 1994. p. 3.
A woman cut off the penis of a taxi driver with a penknife during an attempted robbery in Kuala Lumpur last September
- Reuter (Apr 17, 1995). "Chinese Woman Cuts Husband, Then Kills Self". Daily News. p. 16.
- "Offhand remark leads to slaughter of Chinese family". Houston Chronicle. November 11, 1994. p. 28. Retrieved April 10, 2012. Section A, Page 28, 3 STAR Edition
- New statesman society, Volume 8. Statesman & Nation Pub. Co. Ltd. 1995. p. 47.
- Shepherd, Chuck (July 28, 1994). "News of the Weird". Chicago Reader. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "Penis Severed". Winnipeg Free Press. October 16, 1994. p. 8. Retrieved April 10, 2012.Winnipeg, Manitoba
- "Jealous murderess executed". New Sunday Times. February 16, 1996. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "Galleries: Penis slashers and victims". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "How To Not Reconcile With Your Husband – By Cutting Off His Penis". Asianjoke.com. July 1, 1997. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "Amorous neighbour, 78, gets unexpected cut". The Straits Times. March 25, 1997. p. Page 10. Retrieved June 7, 2012. The Straits Times, 25 March 1997 Amorous neighbour, 78, gets unexpected cut [Articles] Page 10, AFP
- "Cut off penis, wife gets conditional sentence". The Record. July 7, 1998. p. A.2. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "Woman admits to mutilation". The Record. Jun 9, 1998. p. A.3. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "Woman cuts off penis, spared jail". New Straits Times. Associated Press. Jul 8, 1998. p. 11. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- Chuck Shepherd (July 23, 1998). "News of the Weird". Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "Woman robber cuts off boy's penis". The Straits Times. November 30, 1997. p. 26. Retrieved June 7, 2012.  The Straits Times, 30 November 1997 Woman robber cuts off boy's penis [Articles] p. 26
- Husain, M; Rizvi, SJ; Usmani, JA (2004). "A critical review of post-phase period of Lorena Bobbitt's indictment". Indian Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology (Department of Forensic Medicine, J.N. Medical College Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh 202002, India) 2 (3). ISSN 0973-1970.
- Husain M; Rizvi SJ; Usmani JA (2004). "A Critical Review of Post-phase Period of Lorena Bobbitt's Indictment". Indian Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology (Department of Forensic Medicine, J.N. Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh 202002, India.) 2 (3). Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved November 14, 2010.
- The Times of India. January 13, 1998. Missing or empty
- "Rapist Slaughtered by Local Women". Rantnroll.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "CAMBODIA 2000 Text and Fotos by Dan Cameron Rodill". Militarycorruption.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- October 15, 2000 Morbid Fact Du Jour Archive
- Cambodia July 2000
- "Two Victims of the Vietnam War by Joshua Kurlantzick". Questia.com. July 30, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "Cambodia Country Reports on Human Rights Practices Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 2000 February 23, 2001". State.gov. February 23, 2001. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- Eng, Peter (September 10, 2000). "Corruption continues to plague Cambodia". The Japan Times Online. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- Eng, Peter (October 1, 2000). "Amid Progress, Corruption Reigns". Los Angeles Times.
- "Women take revenge on alleged rapist". New Straits Times – Google News Archive (Phnom Penh). Aug 25, 2000. p. 11.
- AFP (December 10, 2001). "Wife freed after slicing off husband's penis". JAMAICA OBSERVER. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- (From South China Morning Post) Byline: Sara Bradford (November 14, 2002). "Third trial of passion in 12 months". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- AFP (August 4, 2002). "Man thought was 'going to die' after lover cut off penis". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Sapa-AFP (August 3, 2002). "Jobless in Hong Kong with a dong that's gone". IOL NEWS. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- (From South China Morning Post) Byline: Angel Lau (August 10, 2002). "Unkindest cut earns woman jail term.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- (From South China Morning Post) Byline: Sara Bradford (November 14, 2002). "Third trial of passion in 12 months.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Bradford, Sara (Nov 14, 2002). "Third trial of passion in 12 months". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Staff Reporter (Nov 20, 2002). "Murdered husbands, battered lovers". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- AFP (November 21, 2002). "Husband-battering on the rise". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- DPA (October 9, 2002). "Jilted girl gives lover the chop". THE AGE (Melbourne). Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Poon, Patrick (November 14, 2002). "Jilted lover is jailed for attacking her boyfriend". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Poon, Patrick (October 9, 2002). "Court told of painful separation". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "断了丈夫"命根"坐牢五年". News.sina.com.cn. November 3, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "妻剪夫"命根"判５年". News.sina.com.cn. November 1, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "妻子怀疑丈夫与他人不轨 激愤下一刀断掉丈夫"命根". News.sina.com.cn. December 27, 2003. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- 怀疑老公与他人不轨 妻子下手剪断丈夫命根. Sina. December 28, 2003
- 负心男友风流成性 女友怒割命根夺其命. SOHU. March 17, 2003
- 负心友风流成性 珠海女子怒割男友命根夺其性命. Sina. March 17, 2003
- 怨女割下花心男友命根 男友身亡该女判死缓(图). Sina. June 11, 2003
- 被阉丈夫揭开妻子阉夫内幕. 大洋网. October 15, 2002
- 老婆挥刀残忍阉割老公 半天后托人将命根送回. Sina. September 23, 2002
- 一打工仔命根被妻子一刀割掉 再生可能性为零. southcn.com. September 24, 2002
- 深圳：老婆火起中秋节 老公命根一刀切 金羊网. ycwb.com. September 22, 2002
- 妻子割掉丈夫“命根” 受害人提出15万元索赔. Sina. January 7, 2003
- 一心怀疑丈夫有外遇 狠心妻子割掉丈夫"命根". news.eastday.com. January 7, 2003
- 恋爱不成偷砍男友命根 医生妙手回春再植复活. Sina. April 14, 2003
- DPA , TAIPEI (Apr 10, 2003). "Wife fled country after cutting man". Taipei Times. p. 4. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- Taipei Times (Apr 13, 2003). "Taiwan quick take". Taipei Times. p. 3. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- "Man without a penis". Daily Babe News. April 18, 2003. Retrieved March 16, 2011.
- 情夫包养三奶 二奶砍其命根放在热水中煮. Sina. June 7, 2003
- 女友剪断男友“命根”. Sina. June 11, 2003
- 剪断男友命根医生接上续:女友被推下楼昏迷不醒. Sina. June 12, 2003
- "Thwarted woman bites ex's penis". China Daily. September 4, 2003. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- 青浦发生罕见人身上海案件 失恋女子咬断男友"命根". Sina. September 3, 2003
- 怀疑丈夫有外遇 妻子刀割“命根子”. Sina. July 18, 2003
- 广州男子梦中被妻割断命根 医生再植恢复功能. Sina. August 26, 2003
- 一妇女持剪刀剪断情人命根 只因对方太小气. Sina. September 14, 2003
- 妻子嫌丈夫性欲太强夜持缝纫刀剪断丈夫命根子. Sina. September 17, 2003
- 每日行房几次防老公寻欢，狠妇剪了丈夫命根. Sina. December 18, 2003
- "World News Quick Take". Taipei Times. Dec 26, 2003. p. 7. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Sapa-DPA (December 18, 2003). "Maid has memory lapse". News24. p. 7. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Domestic worker jailed for injuring boy". Asian Migration News. December 31, 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Maid charged with cutting boy’s genitals". Borneo Bulletin. December 18, 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Indon maid jailed for inflicting cut on two-year-old boy". The Star. December 27, 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Dewi Retno (December 25, 2003). "TKW di Singapura Dihukum 18 Bulan". tempointeraktif (in Indonesian). Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Dewi Retno (December 25, 2003). "TKW di Singapura Dihukum 18 Bulan". TEMPO (in Indonesian). Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Dewi Retno (December 25, 2003). "TKW di Singapura Dihukum 18 Bulan". tempointeraktif (in Indonesian). Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- NewsRadio 93.8 (December 25, 2003). "Genital-slasher maid gets 18 months' jail". HOME NEWS. p. 4. Retrieved June 7, 2012.Today, 25 December 2003, Page 4 Genital-slasher maid gets 18 months'jailToday, 25 December 2003
- Chong Chee Kin (December 28, 2003). "Maid jailed 1 1/2 years for inflicting cut on boy". The Straits Times. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Boy’s genitals ‘cut by maid’". The Straits Times/Asia News Network. Sep 3, 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Boy’s genitals ‘cut by maid’". The Straits Times/Asia News Network. Sep 3, 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Ananova (June 12, 2003). "Women mutilate man who turned down sex". Daily Times.
- "IN THE HIGH COURT OF THE HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE MAGISTRACY APPEAL NO. 69 OF 2007 (ON APPEAL FROM KCCC 4246/2006)". March 28, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- Anggraeni, Dewi (2006). Dreamseekers: Indonesian Women As Domestic Workers in Asia. Equinox Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 979-3780-28-2.
- 男嬰包皮幾乎全裂開入院縫10針 (in Chinese). Retrieved April 11, 2012.
- "Wife cut off hubby's manhood". IOL News. March 29, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Nagorski, Eva (2009). The Down and Dirty Dish on Revenge: Serving It Up Nice and Cold to That Lying, Cheating Bastard (illustrated ed.). Macmillan. p. 150. ISBN 0312379579.
- Zhang, Helena (Apr 11, 2007). "Woman Severs Boyfriend's Penis". Shenzhen Daily. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
- 疑有外遇女子怒剪男友"命根" 2007-04-11 07:47:06来源:南方都市报作者:丰雷网友评论
- "Cohabitation dispute woman cut her boyfriend "命根" burst into the toilet". robroad.com Shenzhen Realty. April 11, 2007. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
- Li Dan (April 12, 2007). "Woman severs boyfriend's penis". Shenzhen Daily. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
- 剪下男友命根之女法庭哭诉家庭暴力. sznews.com. June 28, 2007
- 西丽剪下男友命根女一审判决：有期徒刑5年. sznews.com. July 26, 2007
- Helen Deng (July 30, 2007). "Woman, 24, jailed for severing boyfriend’s penis". Shenzhen Daily. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "China Scene: South Woman cuts off cheating boyfriend's penis". China Daily. October 14, 2008. p. 5. Retrieved May 15, 2012.(www.chinanews.com.cn)
- Chen Minjie, ed. (Oct 13, 2008). "Woman Cuts Off Cheating Boyfriend's Penis". www.chinanews.com.cn. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
- "Unkindest cut of all". Global Times. July 29, 2009. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014.www.chinanews.com.cn
- "Unkindest cut of all". Source: Global Times. July 29, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- "Woman cuts off hubby's penis, gets 13 years". China Daily. October 29, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- Bassam Za'Za', Senior Reporter (September 8, 2011). "Maid claims she was sexually harassed". Gulf News. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- Salam Al Amir (Sep 8, 2011). "Maid severed sponsor's penis after rape, court told". The National. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- DongXia He (July 19, 2011). "Girlfriend cuts off man's penis for breaking up with her". Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- 谢英君 (July 18, 2011). "不甘"被甩"，女子刀割男友"命根"". 广州日报 Guangzhou Daily. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- Gillian Flaccus (April 29, 2013). "Catherine Kieu Guilty: Jury Convicts Woman Accused Of Severing Husband's Penis". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- Quoc Huy (April 13, 2012). "Man cut off neighbor’s penis for hugging his wife". VietNamNet. Retrieved July 14, 2014.   
- "Penis-eating fish attacks 3 boys in southern Vietnam". Thanh Nien News. August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Penis-eating fish boys 3 children in southern Vietnam". VIETMAZ. August 13, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- THANHNIENNEWS (August 13, 2012). "Penis-eating fish boys 3 children in southern Vietnam". VIETMAZ. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Mystery fish attacks boys' penises in Mekong Delta". The Cambodia Herald. August 15, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Hanoi Times (August 16, 2012). "Search on to identify fish that bit boys’ penises". talkvietnam. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Penis eating fish attacks in Dong Thap". The Morning Star. August 13, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Mai Lan (August 14, 2012). "Two boys have their penises injured by fish". VietNamNet. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Mystery fish attacks boys' penises as they bathe". Practical Fishkeeping. August 14, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Man cuts off penis to prove fidelity to jealous wife". Thanh Nien News. September 25, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- SAPA (September 25, 2012). "Man cuts off penis to prove fidelity". Independent Online (South Africa). Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- SAPA (September 25, 2012). "Man cuts off penis to prove fidelity to jealous wife". Báo Thanh Niên English. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "男子睡梦中命根被人整段剪下2厘米 被送整形医院". 来源：新华网. November 14, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 责任编辑: 古月, ed. (November 14, 2012). "男子睡梦中命根被人整段剪下2厘米 已送整形医院". 文章来源: 新华网 (新闻中心-中国网 news.china.com.cn). Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "男子睡梦中命根被人整段剪下2厘米 疑感情问题". 来源：新华网 . November 15, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 时报记者 夏佳波 通讯员 姚嫣 文 唐玮洁 制图 (November 29, 2012). "被剪掉的命根子再植成功 今后功能正常但感觉缺失 再往下多剪一厘米可能失去"男儿身"". Youth Times (青年时讯). Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 责任编辑：李刚, ed. (November 14, 2012). "男子睡梦中命根被整段剪下2厘米 已送整形医院". 来源：新华网. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "男子睡梦中命根被人整段剪下2厘米 已送整形医院". 新华网 . November 14, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 发帖者：米坛老兵 (November 14, 2012). "因感情纠葛，男睡梦中命根子被整段剪下2厘米". Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- JS Lam (December 20, 2012). "Deadly last supper of cheated mom". The Standard. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Clifford Lo (December 28, 2012). "Girl, 4, sees mother bludgeon father to death". South China Morning Post. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Wenjun, Cai (April 12, 2014). "3 years for cutting off husband’s vital organ". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Source:Shanghai Daily (April 13, 2014). "3 years for cutting off husband's vital organ". Eastday. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- eChinacities.com (April 15, 2014). "Shanghai Woman Sentenced to Three Years for Cutting Off Husband’s Penis". Eastday. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Nelson, Katie (April 14, 2014). "Shanghai woman gets 3 years in prison for cutting off husband's penis". Shanghaiist. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Falmouth Packet (May 22, 2013). "Man chops off own penis in Penryn street". Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- West Briton Falmouth & Penryn (May 22, 2013). "Witness found penis of man who maimed himself in garden". Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Staff Reporter (June 14, 2013). "My family are my jewels, says Zhejiang man whose wife cut off his penis". Want China Times. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Huang, Robin (June 17, 2013). "Wife severs husband's penis to preserve marriage". Shanghaiist. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Woman worried about her husband having an affair thrown into the toilet flush cut off his penis". News Home. June 10, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Woman worried about her husband having an affair thrown into the toilet flush cut off his penis". Best News. June 10, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Castrated Chinese man forgives his wife – YouTube AppleDailyEnglish Jun 11, 2013
- "Castrated Chinese husband forgives his wife". TomoNews US. June 6, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Kovásznai-Szász Réka. "WIFE SEVERS HUSBAND'S PENIS TO PRESERVE MARRIAGE". NEWSONIA. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Tilles, Daniel (June 19, 2013). "The Page That Has Inky Fingers". Football365.com Mediawatch. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Phro, Preston (June 14, 2013). ""Despite all this, I still love her!" says Chinese man demembered by wife". RocketNews24. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 记者 陈彬峰 (June 10, 2013). "女子疑丈夫有外遇剪掉其生殖器丢进马桶". 来源： 杭州网-都市快报 (新华新闻地方联播). Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- DNemesis (June 25, 2013). "Wife Severs Husband's Penis ....For No Reason". Bubblews. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Wife Severs Husband's Penis ....For No Reason". Bubblews. June 17, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 本报记者 吕艺真 贝远景 (March 4, 2014). "女子怀疑老公有外遇 两次用剪刀剪断其生殖器". 来源：钱江晚报. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 本报记者 吕艺真 贝远景 (March 4, 2014). 【编辑:柳龙龙】, ed. "女子怀疑老公有外遇 两次用剪刀剪断其生殖器". 来源：钱江晚报. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- eChinacities.com (March 6, 2014). "Anhui Woman Cuts Husband’s Genitals Off, Twice!". eChinacities. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Evan Bleier (March 12, 2014). "Chinese woman awaiting trial for hacking husband's penis returns to finish the job". UPI. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "She cut off his penis and flushed it down the toilet. What happened next is even more unusual...". Mamamia Rogue. March 7, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Wife Zhang cuts off husband Han Mou’s genitals – again". news.com.au. March 7, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- iVillage Team (March 7, 2014). "Betrayed wives might fantasise about doing this, but this one actually did. TWICE". ivillage.com.au. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Zavan, Martin (March 7, 2014). "Wife cuts off husband's penis, again". MSN NZ.
- "Woman Awaiting Trial For Cutting Off Husband’s Penis Rearrested After Removing His Balls". The Dreamin' Demon. March 13, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Family Severs Penis of Man Who Eloped with Their Daughter".
- "女子用菜刀砍伤一岁半男孩的下体 女子患间歇性精神病". 来源：南方日报-南网. September 30, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Nelson, Katie (October 3, 2013). "Woman in Guangdong cuts off toddler's penis". Shanghaiist. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- The Star/Asia News Network (October 2, 2013). "Woman cuts off penis of 1-year-old boy". Asiaone. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Zhang, Lulu (October 11, 2013). "Woman cuts off husband's penis". China.org.cn. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Hunan woman Li Hong severs her husband's penis over suspicion of his cheating". China.org.cn. October 12, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "孕妻剪丈夫命根子装袋逃40小时因儿子姓氏吵架". 中国青年网. October 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "妻剪丈夫命根子装袋逃跑40小时 致被剪部分无法接活/图". 21CN. October 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "長沙少婦剪斷老公命根 裝袋逃亡40小時投案…接不回了". ETtoday. October 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "长沙少妇剪断老公命根装袋逃亡40小时投案…接不回了". 名城黄冈论坛 (天涯). October 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Ke, Jiayun (January 29, 2014). "Woman cuts off penis of boyfriend who wouldn’t take her home for holiday". Shanghai Daily. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 新民网记者 胡彦珣 (January 29, 2014). 编辑:燕磊, ed. "男子只买一张票回家过年 女友怕被抛弃将其阉割". 新民网. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Nelson, Katie (February 1, 2014). "Woman cuts off sleeping boyfriend's penis over fear of getting dumped". Shanghaiist. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 史耀可 (January 30, 2014). "只买一票欲回家醉中被"阉"". 解放网. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 史耀可 (January 30, 2014). "女子不满男友买一张票回家将其阉割后泡入开水". 时代报. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "男买一张回家车票遭 女友阉割". 合肥在线. February 1, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 来源：网络整理 (January 30, 2014). "女子不满男友买一张票回家将其阉割后泡入开水". yinningchao360.cn. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- 史耀可 (January 30, 2014). "女子不满男友买一张票回家将其阉割后泡入开水". 时代报. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Ly (February 28, 2014). "Taking methamphetamine, a young man cut his penis". VietNamNet. Retrieved July 14, 2014. copy copy2
- "Methamphetamine use on the rise in Vietnam". Thanh Nien News (The story can be found in the March 7 issue of our print edition, Vietweek). March 10, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Bizarre Twist In Case Of Dad Whose Penis Was Hacked Off In Horrific ‘Attack’. inquisitr.com. uly 22, 2014
- "Angry at wife, Vietnam man cuts off, throws his ‘tool’ into canal". TUOITRENEWS. April 11, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Milman, Oliver (April 17, 2014) Wu-Tang-linked rapper cut off penis and leapt off balcony, say reports. theguardian.com
- "Man Cuts Off Own Penis, Rushed to UCSD: Report".
- Kharel, Gopi Chandra (October 11, 2014) Rajasthan: Man Tries to Rape Teenager, Angry Mob Chops His Penis Off. ibtimes.co.in