|Born||Harold Hurd, Jr.
February 22, 1904
Roswell, New Mexico, United States
|Died||July 9, 1984
Roswell, New Mexico
|Known for||Illustration, painting|
Peter Hurd (February 22, 1904 - July 9, 1984) was an American artist, born Harold Hurd, Jr., in Roswell, New Mexico. Nicknamed "Pete" by his parents, he later legally changed his name to Peter.
Intending to pursue a military career, in 1921 Hurd entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. After two years, however, he resigned from the Academy to enroll at Haverford College in Pennsylvania.
Hurd soon began studying under the illustrator N. C. Wyeth. He worked as Wyeth's assistant at Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, for a number of years. In 1929, he married Wyeth's daughter, Henriette Wyeth, an artist who later became known for her portraits and still life paintings.
From 1953 to 1954, Hurd, assisted by his protégés Manuel Acosta and John Meigs as well as his wife Henriette, painted a fresco mural in the rotunda of what was then the West Texas Museum (now Holden Hall) at Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University) in Lubbock. Hurd painted about one fresco per week over a two-year period, with depictions of pioneers and influential leaders of West Texas. Those portrayed on the mural include the merchant Crone W. Furr, founder of Furr's Supermarkets, Robert Franklin Dunn, a pioneer Methodist minister and circuit-rider, journalist James Lorenzo Dow, cattleman William E. Halsell, philanthropist Dora Nunn Roberts, oilman Sid W. Richardson, and physician Marvin C. Overton. One panel, entitled "The Chroniclers", depicts historian J. Evetts Haley, William Curry Holden, Tom Lea, and John A. Lomax gathered around a blazing campfire. Hurd himself is also in the scene, sketchpad in hand.
In 1957, he collaborated with Folkways Records and released his album, Spanish Folk Songs of New Mexico, a collection of ranching songs. By 1959, his recognition had spread, and he was appointed by President Eisenhower to the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, serving until 1963.
In 1967, he painted what would have been Lyndon B. Johnson's official portrait. President Johnson only allowed Hurd one sitting, during which time Johnson fell asleep. Hurd hence had to use photographs of Johnson to finish the painting. Johnson did not like his portrait, declaring it "the ugliest thing I ever saw". The painting is now part of the collection of the National Portrait Gallery, in the Smithsonian Institution. Hurd's Time Magazine cover portrait of Charles C. Tillinghast, Jr., was featured in a National Portrait Gallery exhibit of the magazine's cover art that opened in 1969.
Hurd died in 1984 in Roswell.
Some of Hurd's works include:
- The Eve of St. John
- The Oasis
- The Gate and Beyond
- The Red Pickup
- The Late Call
- The Future Belongs To Those Who Prepare For It - originally located inside the now-demolished Prudential Building in Houston, Texas, but relocated to a new public library building in Artesia, NM.
- J. Tillapaugh, University of Texas of the Permian Basin, "The Popular Culture Heritage of New Deal Muralists Peter Hurd and Tom Lea in West Texas", West Texas Historical Association, annual meeting in Fort Worth, Texas, February 27, 2010
- Thomas E. Luebke, ed., Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013): Appendix B, p. 546.
- "A Letter From The Publisher: may 30, 1969". Time. May 30, 1969.
- Bell, Jim. "The Art Problem at M.D. Anderson." KUHF. April 22, 2008. Retrieved on April 4, 2010.
- Turner, Allan (November 1, 2010). "Medical center mural saved". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- Peter Hurd works at New Mexico Museum of Art
- Eve of St. John on display at the San Diego Museum of Art
- Lyndon B. Johnson on display at the National Portrait Gallery (dead link)
- Image Gallery of the Peter Hurd mural in rotunda of Holden Hall at Texas Tech University
- Peter Hurd Artwork Examples on AskART.
- Peter Hurd and Henriette Wyeth Hurd papers at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art
- Spanish Folk Songs of New Mexico at Smithsonian Folkways
- Two Hurd exhibition catalogs from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF)