Time Person of the Year
Person of the Year (formerly Man of the Year) is an annual issue of the United States newsmagazine Time that features and profiles a person, group, idea or object that "for better or for worse, ...has done the most to influence the events of the year."
The tradition of selecting a Man of the Year began in 1927 with Time editors contemplating newsworthy stories possible during a slow news week. The idea was also an attempt to remedy the editorial embarrassment earlier that year of not having aviator Charles Lindbergh on its cover following his historic trans-Atlantic flight. By the end of the year, it was decided that a cover story featuring Lindbergh as the Man of the Year would serve both purposes.
Since then, individual people, classes of people, the computer (1982), and Planet Earth (1988) have all been selected for the special year-end issue. In 1999, the title was changed to Person of the Year. However, the only woman to win the renamed recognition individually have been "The Whistleblowers" (Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley, and Sherron Watkins in 2002) and Melinda Gates (jointly with Bill Gates and Bono in 2005). Before that, four women were granted the title as individuals as Woman of the Year–Wallis Simpson in 1936, Soong May-ling (Madame Chiang Kai-shek) in 1937, Queen Elizabeth II in 1952, and Corazon Aquino in 1986. Several classes of people comprise both men and women or women only, namely Hungarian Freedom Fighter in 1956, "U.S. Scientists" in 1960, Twenty-Five and Under in 1966, The Middle Americans in 1969, "American Women" in 1975, "The American Soldier" in 2003, You in 2006, and "The Protester" in 2011 (represented on the cover by a woman).
Since the list began, every serving President of the United States has been a Person of the Year at least once with the exceptions of Calvin Coolidge, in office at time of the first issue, Herbert Hoover, the next U.S. president, and Gerald Ford. Most were named Person of the Year either the year they were elected or while they were in office; the only one to be given the title before being elected is Dwight D. Eisenhower, who won it in 1944 as Supreme Commander of the Allied Invasion Force, eight years before his election. He subsequently won the title again in 1959, while in office.
Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only person to have received the title three times–in 1932, 1934 and 1941.
Despite the magazine's frequent statements to the contrary, the designation is often regarded as an honor, and spoken of as an award or prize, simply based on many previous selections of admirable people. However Time magazine points out those such as Adolf Hitler in 1938, and Joseph Stalin in 1939 and again in 1942, and the Ayatollah Khomeini in 1979 have also been granted the title.
As a result of the public backlash it received from the United States for naming the Ayatollah Khomeini Man of the Year in 1979, Time has shied away from using figures that are controversial in the United States. Time's Person of the Year 2001—immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks—was New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani, although the stated rules of selection, the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest effect on the year's news, made Osama bin Laden a more likely choice. The issue that declared Giuliani the Person of the Year included an article that mentioned Time's earlier decision to elect the Ayatollah Khomeini and the 1999 rejection of Hitler as Person of the Century. The article seemed to imply that Osama bin Laden was a stronger candidate than Giuliani, as Adolf Hitler was a stronger candidate than Albert Einstein. The selections were ultimately based on what the magazine describes as who they believed had a stronger influence on history and who represented either the year or the century the most. According to Time, Rudolph Giuliani was picked for symbolizing the American response to the September 11th attacks, and Albert Einstein picked for representing a century of scientific exploration and wonder.
Another criticized choice was the 2006 selection of "You", representing most if not all people for advancing the information age by using the Internet (via e.g. blogs, YouTube, MySpace and Wikipedia).
Persons of the Year 
|1927||Charles Lindbergh||USA||1902–1974||Lindbergh was, in May 1927, the first person to fly a plane non-stop from New York City, USA to Paris, France.|
|1928||Walter Chrysler||USA||1875–1940||In 1928, Chrysler oversaw a merger of his company with Dodge, and began work on his eponymous building.|
|1929||Owen D. Young||USA||1874–1962||Young chaired a committee which authored the Young Plan, a program for settlement of German reparations debts after World War I.|
|1930||Mahatma Gandhi||British Raj||1869–1948||Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement. In 1930, he led the Salt Satyagraha, a 240-mile march to protest the imposition of taxes on salt by the British Raj.|
|1931||Pierre Laval||France||1883–1945||Laval was a four-time Prime Minister of France.|
|1932||Franklin D. Roosevelt||USA||1882–1945||Roosevelt won the 1932 US Presidential election by a landslide, defeating the incumbent, Herbert Hoover.|
|1933||Hugh Samuel Johnson||USA||1882–1942||Johnson was then the director of the National Recovery Administration, an agency tasked by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt to bring industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.|
|1934||Franklin D. Roosevelt||USA||1882–1945||Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933 to 1945.|
|1935||Haile Selassie I||Ethiopia||1892–1975||Selassie was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. In October 1935, Italian forces invaded Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.|
|1936||Wallis Simpson||USA||1896–1986||King Edward VIII abdicated his thrones to marry Simpson.|
|1937||Chiang Kai-shek||China||1887–1975||At the time, Chiang was Premier of the Republic of China.|
|Soong May-ling||China||1898–2003||At the time, Soong was the wife of Chiang Kai-shek.|
|1938||Adolf Hitler||Germany||1889–1945||1938 saw the unification of Germany with Austria and the Sudetenland after the Anschluss and Munich Agreement respectively.|
|1941||Franklin D. Roosevelt||USA||1882–1945|
|1944||Dwight D. Eisenhower||USA||1890–1969|
|1945||Harry S. Truman||USA||1884–1972|
|1946||James F. Byrnes||USA||1879–1972||Then-U.S. Secretary of State. His speech, "Restatement of Policy on Germany", set the tone of future U.S. policy as it repudiated the Morgenthau Plan and gave the Germans hope for the future.|
|1947||George Marshall||USA||1880–1959||Wrote the Marshall Plan|
|1948||Harry S. Truman||USA||1884–1972|
|1949||Winston Churchill||UK||1874–1965||Man of the half-century|
|1950||The American fighting-man||USA||Representing Korean War troops|
|1952||Elizabeth II||Commonwealth realms[n 1]||1926–|
|1953||Konrad Adenauer||West Germany||1876–1967|
|1954||John Foster Dulles||USA||1888–1959|
|1955||Harlow Curtice||USA||1893–1962||Head of General Motors from 1953 to 1958.|
|1956||The Hungarian freedom fighter||Hungary|
|1958||Charles de Gaulle||France||1890–1970|
|1959||Dwight D. Eisenhower||USA||1890–1969|
|1960||American Scientists||USA||Represented by George Beadle, Charles Draper, John Enders, Donald A. Glaser, Joshua Lederberg, Willard Libby, Linus Pauling, Edward Purcell, Isidor Rabi, Emilio Segrè, William Shockley, Edward Teller, Charles Townes, James Van Allen, and Robert Woodward|
|1961||John F. Kennedy||USA||1917–1963|
|1962||Pope John XXIII||Holy See/ Italy||1881–1963|
|1963||Martin Luther King, Jr.||USA||1929–1968|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson||USA||1908–1973|
|1966||The Inheritor||A generation: the man—and woman—of 25 and under.|
|1967||Lyndon B. Johnson||USA||1908–1973|
|1968||The Apollo 8 astronauts||USA||William Anders, Frank Borman, and Jim Lovell|
|1969||The Middle Americans||USA||Also referred to as the Silent Majority|
|1970||Willy Brandt||West Germany||1913–1992|
|1973||John Sirica||USA||1904–1992||Judge who ordered Richard Nixon to turn over Watergate-related recordings.|
|1974||King Faisal||Saudi Arabia||1906–1975|
|1975||American women||USA||Represented by Susan Brownmiller, Kathleen Byerly, Alison Cheek, Jill Conway, Betty Ford, Ella Grasso, Carla Hills, Barbara Jordan, Billie Jean King, Carol Sutton, Susie Sharp, and Addie Wyatt|
|1982||The Computer||Machine of the Year|
|1986||Corazon C. Aquino||Philippines||1933–2009|
|1988||The Endangered Earth||Planet of the Year|
|1989||Mikhail Gorbachev||USSR||1931–||Man of the Decade|
|1990||George H. W. Bush||USA||1924–|
|1993||The Peacemakers|| Palestinian Authority
|Represented by Yasser Arafat, F.W. de Klerk, Nelson Mandela, and Yitzhak Rabin|
|1994||Pope John Paul II||Holy See/ Poland||1920–2005|
|1996||David Ho||Taiwan/ USA||1952–||Scientist, AIDS researcher.|
|1997||Andrew Grove||Hungary/ USA||1936–|
|1998||Bill Clinton||USA||1946–||Time Magazine held its first online poll to decide the Person of the Year. Wrestler and activist Mick Foley won with over 50% of votes. Foley was removed from the poll, and the award was given to Clinton and Starr.[better source needed]|
|1999||Jeffrey P. Bezos||USA||1964–||See also: Person of the Century|
|2000||George W. Bush||USA||1946–|
|2002||The Whistleblowers||USA||Represented by Cynthia Cooper (WorldCom), Coleen Rowley (FBI) and Sherron Watkins (Enron)|
|2003||The American soldier||USA|
|2004||George W. Bush||USA||1946–|
|2005||The Good Samaritans|| Ireland
|Represented by Bono, Bill Gates, and Melinda Gates|
|2006||You||Represented by the individual content creator on the World Wide Web|
|2011||The Protester||Representing many global protest movements – for example, the Arab Spring, the Indignants Movement, Tea Party movement and Occupy Movement – as well as protests in Greece, India, Russia and 2011–12 Chilean student protests among others|
See also 
- Canadian Newsmaker of the Year (Time), the magazine's equivalent for Canadians only
- Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration (Special Collector's Edition ed.). New York: Time Books. 2002. OCLC 52817840.
- Time (2002) p. 1.
- First "Person" of the Year (rather than "Man" of the Year) is Jeff Bezos of Amazon.com.
- Golden, Frederic (January 3, 2000). "Person of the Century: Albert Einstein". Time. Retrieved 2008–02–13.
- Time (2002) pp. 2, 79.
- Time (2002) p. 79.
- Lev Grossman (13 December 2006). "You — Yes, You — Are TIME's Person of the Year". Time. Retrieved 2012–12–20.
- Larsen, Roy (January 5, 1970). "A Letter From The Publisher". Time.
- Mick Foley Cactus Jack Pro Wrestling Legend Media Man International
- "Person of the Year 2007". Time. 2007. Retrieved 2009–07–08.
- "Person of the Year 2008". Time. 2008–12–17. Retrieved 2008–12–17.
- Grunwald, Michael (16 December 2009). "Person of the Year 2009". Time. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Grossman, Lev (15 December 2010). "Person of the Year 2010". Time. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Grunwald, Michael (14 December 2011). "Person of the Year 2011". Time. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "Person of the Year 2012". Time. 2008–12–19. Retrieved 2012–12–23.
- TIME's Person of the Year: All 84! - slideshow by Life magazine
- "Time's Person of the Year 1927–2010". Time. 2011.