Phaedon Gizikis

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Phaedon Gizikis
Φαίδων Γκιζίκης
Phaedon Gizikis.png
President of Greece
In office
25 November 1973 – 17 December 1974
Preceded by Georgios Papadopoulos
Succeeded by Michail Stasinopoulos
Personal details
Born (1917-06-16)June 16, 1917
Volos, Greece
Died July 27, 1999(1999-07-27) (aged 82)
Athens, Greece
Nationality Greek
Alma mater Hellenic Military Academy
Religion Greek Orthodox
Military service
Allegiance Greece
Service/branch Hellenic Army
Years of service 1939–1974
Rank General
Battles/wars Greco-Italian War
Greek Civil War
1967 Greek coup d'état

Phaedon Gizikis (Greek: Φαίδων Γκιζίκης; June 16, 1917 – July 27, 1999) was a Greek army general, and the second and last President of Greece under The Junta, from 1973 to 1974.

Early life and military career[edit]

Born on June 16, 1917, in Volos, Greece, Phaedon Gizikis was a career Greek Army officer. He graduated from the Hellenic Military Academy in 1939, achieving the rank of second lieutenant in artillery, and participated in the Greco-Italian War and the Greek Civil War. In 1967, he supported the Georgios Papadopoulos coup d'etat and received a number of senior military posts during the dictatorship that followed.[1]

Later life[edit]

He was given the title of President of the Republic on 25 November 1973, after Papadopoulos was ousted by Dimitrios Ioannides as head of the regime in an internal power struggle. After the fall of the dictatorship in 1974, he retained his post for four months pro tempore, until a new constitution could be enacted during metapolitefsi; he was then replaced by Michail Stasinopoulos.

Gizikis retired from the army in 1974, on the same day he resigned from his position as head of state. In 1976, a military judicial council dropped proceedings against him and 88 other former officers charged with treason and mutiny for collaborating with the former junta.[2] He died on July 27, 1999 at the NIMTS military hospital in Athens.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Phaedon Gizikis 1917 - 1999". 2002. Retrieved November 2014. 
  2. ^ Pace, Eric. "Phaidon Gizikis, '73 Greek Junta Officer, 82." The New York Times 30 July 1999
  3. ^ "Phaedon Gizikis 1917 - 1999". 2002. Retrieved November 2014. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Georgios Papadopoulos
President of Greece
25 November 1973 – 17 December 1974
Succeeded by
Michail Stasinopoulos