January 6, 1916|
|Died: March 29, 1990
Mount Prospect, Illinois
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|April 23, 1939 for the Boston Braves|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 17, 1952 for the Chicago White Sox|
|Runs batted in||417|
|Career highlights and awards|
Philip Samuel Masi (January 6, 1916 – March 29, 1990) was an American professional baseball player. From 1939 though 1952, he played in Major League Baseball as a catcher for the Boston Braves (1939–1949), Pittsburgh Pirates (1949) and Chicago White Sox (1950–1952). Although he was known for being one of the best defensive catchers of his era, Masi was best known for a controversial play that occurred during the 1948 World Series between the Boston Braves and the Cleveland Indians.
Born in Chicago, Illinois, Masi began his professional baseball career when he was contracted in 1936 by the Cleveland Indians at the age of 20. In 1937 he played for the Wausau Timberjacks and demonstrated his versatility by playing as a catcher, outfielder, third baseman and as a first baseman. Masi became known as the Pepper Martin of the Northern League because of his head-first slides and prancing running style, while leading the league with 31 home runs and being named to the league's All-Star team.
Masi was then purchased by the Milwaukee Brewers who assigned him to play for the Springfield Indians of the Middle Atlantic League. Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis found this move to be in violation of baseball rules and allowed him to sign a non-reserve contract with Springfield, meaning that he would be a free agent at the end of the season. He played mostly as a catcher for Springfield in 1938 where his backup that year was the future All-Star catcher for the Cleveland Indians, seventeen-year-old Jim Hegan. Masi posted a .308 batting average with 16 home runs and 97 runs batted in for Springfield, earning a promotion to the major leagues when he was signed by the Boston Braves, then known as the Bees.
The Bees already had future Hall of Fame member, Al Lopez, as well as future All-Star, Ray Mueller and veteran Johnny Riddle as catchers going into spring training in 1939 however, Masi impressed Bees' manager Casey Stengel so much that, Mueller and Riddle would be traded before the start of the season, leaving Masi as Lopez's backup. He made his major league debut with the Bees on April 23, 1939 at the age of 23. After his father died in 1942, he was given a 3-A draft classification exempting him from military duty as he was the sole support for his family.
Masi served as the Braves' backup catcher first to Al Lopez, then Ray Berres, and finally to Ernie Lombardi. He began to develop his reputation as a good defensive catcher from his association with knuckleball pitcher Jim Tobin. The other Braves catchers shunned Tobin due to the unpredictability of the notoriously difficult to catch knuckleball and, Masi took over the job as his catcher. When Lombardi was traded to the New York Giants in 1943, Masi became the Braves regular catcher. His work with Tobin paid off on April 27, 1944 when Tobin pitched a no hitter against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Masi's batting continued to improve in 1945 when, he was hitting at a .335 pace in July to earn a place as a reserve catcher for the National League team in the 1945 All-Star Game however, the game was cancelled due to wartime travel restrictions. Masi finished the season with a .272 batting average along with 25 doubles, 7 home runs and 46 runs batted in. He also led National League catchers in assists and was second in putouts and in baserunners caught stealing.
Masi was hitting for a .300 average in late June 1946, earning him a place as a reserve player for the National League in the 1946 All-Star Game. He ended the season with a .267 average, 3 home runs, a career-high 62 runs batted in and, led the league's catchers in putouts. In 1946, pitchers Warren Spahn and Johnny Sain returned to the Braves from their military service and, their success further enhanced Masi's reputation for handling pitching staffs. Sain won 20 games in 1946 and led the league with 24 complete games as the Braves improved to a fourth place finish in the National League standings.
Masi had his most productive season in 1947, earning his third selection as a reserve for the National League in the 1947 All-Star Game and ending the year ranked tenth in the league in hitting with a career-high .304 batting average. He also posted career-highs in home runs (9) and in on-base percentage (.377) and, continued to build upon his excellent defensive reputation by leading National League catchers with a .989 fielding percentage. Masi guided the Braves' pitching staff to a league-leading 14 shutouts and the second-best team earned run average in the league, as both Spahn and Sain won 21 games each. The Braves continued to improve, finishing the 1947 season in third place behind the Dodgers and Cardinals.
Although Masi's offensive output began to decline in 1948, he earned his fourth consecutive All-Star selection due to his excellent defensive abilities. His pitch-calling skills helped the Braves' pitching staff lead the league in earned run average as the team clinched the 1948 National League pennant by six and a half games over the St. Louis Cardinals. He also contributed a .253 batting average with 19 doubles, 5 home runs and 44 runs batted in.
1948 World Series controversy
It was in the first game of the 1948 World Series held at Braves Field against the favored Cleveland Indians that Masi would become embroiled in a controversy that secured his place in baseball history. Braves pitcher Johnny Sain and Indians pitcher, Bob Feller were engaged in a scoreless pitchers' duel when the Braves came to bat in the bottom of the eighth inning. Feller walked Braves catcher Bill Salkeld to open the inning. Braves manager, Billy Southworth then substituted the slow-footed Salkeld with Masi, who entered the game as a pinch runner. Mike McCormick followed by hitting a sacrifice bunt, advancing Masi to second base. Feller issued an intentional walk to Eddie Stanky, who was replaced by Sibby Sisti. Feller then made a pick off attempt of Masi at second base. Indians' shortstop, Lou Boudreau, appeared to tag Masi out, but umpire Bill Stewart called him safe. Tommy Holmes proceeded to hit a single that allowed Masi to score the only run of the game, giving the Braves a 1-0 victory. The umpire's controversial ruling touched off heated debates among the media and fans, especially after Associated Press photographs of the play were published. Although the victory gave the Braves a 1-0 lead in games, the Indians bounced back to win the World Series in six games.
Masi's offensive production continued to decline and, with young prospect Del Crandall ready to play, the Braves traded Masi to the Pittsburgh Pirates in June 1949. After only a half-season with Pittsburgh, he was traded to his hometown Chicago White Sox in 1950. He earned the starting catchers job with the White Sox and helped them become a respectable team with his handling of the pitching staff. The team's earned run average ranked sixth in the league prior to Masi's arrival. With Masi handling the pitching staff, the team's earned run average improved to fourth best in 1950. He had a .279 batting average in 1950 and led all American League catchers with a .996 fielding percentage, committing only two errors in 114 games. In 1951, Masi's experience was again evident as he helped the White Sox pitching staff improve their earned run average to second best in the American League behind the Cleveland Indians. He hit for a .271 batting average in 1951 at the age of 35. When the White Sox acquired a younger Sherm Lollar in 1952, Masi returned to backup duties before being released at the end of the season.
Masi returned to the minor leagues in 1953 where he helped the Dallas Eagles win the Texas League championship before going on to win the Dixie Series. He retired as a player at the end of the 1953 season at the age of 37.
In a fourteen-year major league career, Masi played in 1,229 games, accumulating 917 hits in 3,468 at bats for a .264 career batting average along with 47 home runs, 417 runs batted in and a .344 on-base percentage. Over his career, he committed only 72 errors in 4,257 chances for a career .982 fielding percentage. A four-time All-Star, he led National League catchers in fielding percentage twice and, American League catchers once. A fast running catcher, he collected 45 stolen bases in his career and was often used in pinch-running duties.
- "Phil Masi statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- McMurray, John. "The Baseball Biography Project: Phil Masi". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
- Ahrens, Art (February 1978). "Major League Baseball in the 1940s". Baseball Digest (Books.Google.com). Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "Phil Masi Trades and Transactions". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- "Brewers Land a Pepper Martin Of Northern Loop". The Milwaukee Journal. 11 August 1937. p. 3. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1937 Northern League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "Phil Masi minor league statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "One Base Hits". The Milwaukee Journal. 15 May 1938. p. 3. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1938 Springfield Indians". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "Stengel Likes Rookie Catcher". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. 9 March 1939. p. 18. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "Phil Masi Signs Braves' Contract". Meriden Record. Associated Press. 19 March 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Meany, Tom (January 1954). "Is Knuckler Losing Its Effectiveness?". Baseball Digest (Books.Google.com). Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- "April 27, 1944 Dodgers-Braves box score". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "The 1945 All-Stars". The Evening Independent. 11 July 1945. p. 10. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "1945 All-Star Game". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1945 National League Fielding Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1946 Phil Masi batting log". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1946 All-Star Game". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1946 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- "1947 All-Star Game". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1947 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1947 National League Fielding Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1947 National League pitching statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1947 Boston Braves pitching statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1947 National League Team Statistics and Standings". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- "1948 All-Star Game". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1948 National League pitching statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1948 National League final standings". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- Vass, George (October 1972). "Memorable World Series Controversies". Baseball Digest (Books.Google.com). Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1948 World Series Game 1 box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- Lebovitz, Hal (October 1971). "Pickoff Play Caused A Storm in 1948 Series". Baseball Digest (Books.Google.com). Retrieved 14 March 2011.
- "Putout Dispute Still Rages; Was Masi Safe Or Not?". Prescott Evening Courier. Associate Press. 7 October 1948. p. 5. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "1948 World Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1950 American League Team Statistics and Standings". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "1951 American League Team Statistics and Standings". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 12 March 2011.