|Language||Hindi & Rajasthani|
|Elevation||279 m (915 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of 2011[update] India census, Pilani had a population of 26,219. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Pilani has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy, according to the 2011 census, was 82.14%, and female literacy was 65.46%. In Pilani, 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Pilani is known for its extreme climate. Summer temperatures reach up to 50 degree Celsius between May and July, while winter temperatures reach sub-zero levels between December and January. Months of October and March are generally considered most pleasant. Pilani mostly suffers from low rain fall causing continuous drought for successive years.
The town is the birthplace of industrialist Ghanshyam Das Birla and the location of his ancestral residence.
Pilani is home to Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), a technological deemed university formed in 1964. The GD Birla Memorial Polytechnic Institute (Birla technical training institute,pilani) (BTTI)((www.bttipilani.ac.in)) the top ranked 1st diploma college of Rajasthan, established in 1988 is also located in the town. Other colleges in the town include the BK Birla Institute of Engineering & Technology (BKBIET), an engineering college formed in 2007, the Indermani Mandelia college for girls and the ShaadiLal Kataria Teacher Training college. In 2009 Shridhar University has been established under State Govt. Act as a Private University. The University provides various higher education programs up to Doctoral level.
Pilani is not accessible directly by rail. The nearest railway stations is Chirawa (16 km) served by Northern Western Railway and lying on the Sikar-Loharu Broad Gauge section and Loharu (25 km) in Haryana which is served by fully broad gauge sections. Jaipur is 260 km from Pilani and Delhi is 240 km and well connected by state and national highways.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- ":::Deemed University – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. Retrieved 30 November 2011.