|— town —|
|Elevation||279 m (915 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Pilani is a small town situated in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. It is in the district in Rajasthan, India. It is known for being the home of the world renowned university BITS-Pilani (Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani).
The name Pilani is derived from a Jat fighter from the Pilania gotra who died protecting a fort in the town. Impressed by his courage, bravery, and sacrifice, the king of the town honored him by giving his name to the town.
Pilani is surrounded by small villages like Khedla, 2 km away,Brahmano ki dhani,10 km Jherli 3 km away and Dhindhwa Aguna, 6 km away on Surajgarh road.
As of 2001[update] India census, Pilani had a population of 26,219. Males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Pilani has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy, according to the 2001 census, was 79%, and female literacy was 57%. In Pilani, 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Pilani is known for its extreme climate. Summer temperatures reach up to 52 degree Celsius between May and July, while winter temperatures reach sub-zero levels between December and January. Months of October and March are generally considered most pleasant. Pilani mostly suffers from low rain fall causing continuous drought for successive years.
Notable residents 
The town is the birthplace of industrialist Ghanshyam Das Birla and the location of his ancestral residence.
Pilani is the home to a World Class Institute, Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), a technological deemed university formed in 1964 and famous worldwide. BITS Pilani is ranked Top 5 in Asia and #1 in India. Other colleges in the town include the BK Birla Institute of Engineering & Technology (BKBIET), an engineering college formed in 2007, the Indermani Mandelia college for girls and the ShaadiLal Kataria Teacher Training college. The GD Birla Memorial Polytechnic Institute (BTTI), established in 1988 is also located in the town.In 2009 Shridhar University has been established under State Govt. Act as a Private University. The University provides various higher education programs up to Doctoral level.
Pilani is also the home for several boarding schools including Birla School, Birla Public School (Vidya Niketan) and Birla Balika Vidyapeeth.Birla Sishu Vihar and BalNiketn Senior Secondary School also come under birla's school. There are several other English medium schools like Haridevi Jhutharam Shishu Sadan, CEERI Vidhya Mandir,Jawahar lal Nehru Children Academy, Pilani Public School and Jamuna Mishra Academy (JMA) . Hindi medium schools include Shaboo senior secondary school, Jankidevi Mandelia Senior secondary School, and Goenka Vidhya mandir and house of one of the best Institute Swabhiman Institute of Science and Technology for Computer education and training centre for Abacus,vedic maths and handwriting.
Pilani is not accessible directly by rail. The nearest railway stations is Chirawa (16 km) served by Northern Western Railway and lying on the Sikar-Loharu Broad Gauge (Under Construction) section and Loharu (25 km) in Haryana which is served by fully broad gauge sections. Jaipur is 220 km from Pilani and Delhi is 210 km and well connected by road.
Pilani has some worth watching visiting places like BITS, Pilani campus which includes Birla Museum,Aditya Birla memorial group Saraswati Temple, Shivganga Canal etc. Some other places like Panchwati udhyan, Ram mandir temple & garden, Durga temple, sai mandir bhagina road and CEERI campus are also well known places to have a memorable visit. Most of educational tours are welcomed at Pilani throughout the year from different schools and colleges of nearby cities and towns. Some fresco painted old Havelis are also situated in market areas of Pilani.
- Pilani, BITS. "BITS Pilani".
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- ":::Deemed University – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- Asiaweek. "Asiaweek Ranking". www.asiaweek.com. Retrieved 2007-04-18.