Pineberry

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Pineberry
Pineberries.jpg
Species Fragaria ananassa
Cultivar Pineberry

Pineberry is a strawberry cultivar with a pineapple-like flavor, white coloring, and red seeds.[1]

History[edit]

It is claimed by VitalBerry that pineberries are "the oldest strawberry variety", but they are a modern hybrid.[1] White strawberries were endangered in the wild in South America. In 2003 Dutch farmers bred white strawberries from Southern Europe with red berry cultivars to create a hardy, prolific white hybrid.[2]

The pineberry was sold commercially in the U.S. for the first time in 2012 between mid-May and June, having been sold in several locations in New York.[3] Critical response has been mixed.[3] It was publicized in Germany in April 2009 as Ananaserdbeere, i.e. "pineapple-strawberry".[4] It is a hybrid of Fragaria chiloensis, originating in South America, and Fragaria virginiana, originating in North America,[4] the same parentage as the garden strawberry Fragaria × ananassa. A pineberry is smaller than a common strawberry, measuring between 15 to 23 mm (0.6 to 0.9 in).[5] When ripe, it is almost completely white, but with red "seeds" (achenes).[6] "The fruit flesh can range from soft white to orange and is very fragrant with a slight pineapple flavor," said Greg Goddard, the co-creator.[citation needed] The plant is disease resistant, but is not very profitable, due to small-scale farming, small berry size and low yield crop.[citation needed]

The pineberry has been marketed to European restaurants, bakeries and wholesale markets. The berry has been dubbed "pineberry" for the UK market[5][7] where it became available in 2011.[8] White strawberries are not rare; in fact, South American natural strawberries were white[1] and garden supply stores in the UK have other white varieties of strawberry, such as White Soul[9] and the White Delight.[10] Unlike the pineberry, these however are Fragaria vesca cultivars; the strawberries these plants produce are generally smaller and more fragrant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Pineberries, the strawberry that tastes like a pineapple". Vital Berry. 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2011-02-10. Originally strawberries were white in South America and red in North America ... Pineberries were saved from extinction by breeders working exclusively with VitalBerry BV when the original source material was discovered in Southern Europe. The breeders used this source material to cross it with an existing variety to improve the original pineberry. ... 
  2. ^ Cassidy, Katie (March 31, 2010). "Strawberry That Pines To Be Another Fruit". Sky News. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Pineberry & Pineberries". 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  4. ^ a b Philip Lieten (April 2009). "Spezialisierung in der Erdbeerzucht" (PDF). Spargel & Erdbeer Profi. Retrieved April 2009. 
  5. ^ a b Tozer, James (March 31, 2010). "Pineberries and cream? The new summer fruit which looks like a white strawberry... but tastes like a pineapple". Daily Mail. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ Stiffelman, Lauren (31 March 2010). "Make Way for the Pineberry". ABC News. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "Pineberries At Waitrose: Spring Fruit Looks Like Strawberry But Tastes Like Pineapple". Business. Sky News. Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  8. ^ "Waitrose exclusively presents Pineberries: set to be cream of the summer crop" (Press release). Waitrose. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  9. ^ "Strawberry White Soul Seeds". Suttons Seeds. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  10. ^ "Fragaria vesca 'White Delight' White fruiting Wild Strawberry". Jekka's Herb Farm. Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 31 March 2010.