Planada, California

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Planada
census-designated place
Location in Merced County and the state of California
Location in Merced County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°17′N 120°19′W / 37.283°N 120.317°W / 37.283; -120.317Coordinates: 37°17′N 120°19′W / 37.283°N 120.317°W / 37.283; -120.317
Country  United States
State  California
County Merced
Area[1]
 • Total 1.577 sq mi (4.085 km2)
 • Land 1.577 sq mi (4.085 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 226 ft (69 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,584
 • Density 2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95365
Area code(s) 209
FIPS code 06-57582
GNIS feature ID 1659784

Planada (formerly, Geneva and Whitton)[3] is a census-designated place (CDP) in Merced County, California, United States. Planada is located 9 miles (14 km) east of Merced,[3] at an elevation of 226 feet (69 m).[2] The population was 4,584 at the 2010 census, up from 4,369 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Planada is located at 37°17′N 120°19′W / 37.283°N 120.317°W / 37.283; -120.317.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Planada has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[4]

History[edit]

The railroad bestowed the name Whitton to the place.[3] Among the first white settlers at the place was a group of Swiss dairy farmers, who named the settlement Geneva.[3] The Geneva post office opened in 1896, closed in 1897, re-opened in 1898, and changed its name to Planada in 1911.[3] The name Planada was the product of a contest to rename the town held in 1911.[3]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[5] reported that Planada had a population of 4,584. The population density was 2,906.6 people per square mile (1,122.2/km²). The racial makeup of Planada was 1,681 (36.7%) White, 22 (0.5%) African American, 23 (0.5%) Native American, 46 (1.0%) Asian, 1 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 2,725 (59.4%) from other races, and 86 (1.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,347 persons (94.8%).

The Census reported that 4,584 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,115 households, out of which 675 (60.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 737 (66.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 154 (13.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 111 (10.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 45 (4.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 9 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 95 households (8.5%) were made up of individuals and 35 (3.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.11. There were 1,002 families (89.9% of all households); the average family size was 4.30.

The population was spread out with 1,552 people (33.9%) under the age of 18, 588 people (12.8%) aged 18 to 24, 1,201 people (26.2%) aged 25 to 44, 876 people (19.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 367 people (8.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27.1 years. For every 100 females there were 108.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.2 males.

There were 1,207 housing units at an average density of 765.3 per square mile (295.5/km²), of which 649 (58.2%) were owner-occupied, and 466 (41.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.3%. 2,638 people (57.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,946 people (42.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 4,369 people, 1,007 households, and 900 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,051.1 people per square mile (792.0/km²). There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 489.6 per square mile (189.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 24.28% White, 0.69% African American, 1.81% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 67.91% from other races, and 4.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 92.10% of the population.

There were 1,007 households out of which 58.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 10.8% were non-families. 7.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.11 and the average family size was 4.28.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 38.8% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 14.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 109.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,286, and the median income for a family was $24,513. Males had a median income of $20,341 versus $20,446 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,864. About 28.7% of families and 33.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.4% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Planada is located in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Anthony Cannella, and in the 21st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Adam Gray. Federally, Planada is located in California's 18th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +4[7] and is represented by Democrat Dennis Cardoza.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Planada, California
  3. ^ a b c d e f Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 816. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Planada, California
  5. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2007-10-20.