Point O' Woods, New York
|Point O' Woods|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Point O' Woods is a hamlet that consists of a private vacation retreat on Fire Island, New York, in Suffolk County. Although it resembles a village or small town, with services such as a ferry port, a general store, church and fire department, it is open exclusively to members and their guests, who are the only persons allowed in through the hamlet's gate, or allowed to use the private ferry which runs to Point O' Woods from Bay Shore on Long Island.
Location and history
Point O' Woods is not a municipality and has no government as such. Like a few other Fire Island enclaves, it is a privately owned parcel of land. It lies under the political jurisdiction of Brookhaven Township in Suffolk County; local law enforcement is the duty of Suffolk County Police Department's Marine Bureau. The beaches themselves, however, are (a) open to the public, and (b) regularly patrolled by state and local police as well as by the National Park Service and US Coast Guard.
It is said to have been the first settlement on Fire Island, though Cherry Grove also makes that claim. It was originally organized in 1894 for religious retreats, some from the Chautauqua assemblies. In approximately 1898, the Chautauqua group went bankrupt, and ownership passed to the Point O' Woods Association, which administers it today.
Today Point O' Woods serves as a summer vacation retreat for Association members and their families. The hamlet is opened by the Association in the mid-Spring, and closed in early autumn each year.
As on much of Fire Island, cars are not permitted in Point O' Woods and bicycles are the principal means of wheeled transport. Despite this restriction, the community uses its private railroad, a half-mile long, 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge line to transport freight from the dock to key buildings in the town. It is not used for passenger service. In addition, the community uses a small number of motor vehicles for maintenance, recycling and pest control.
Essentially a village-sized private club, Point O' Woods is famous for its insularity and exclusivity. The hundred-plus homes are technically owned by the Association, which then offers long-term leases to the members who reside in them. Many members' families have summered there for generations.
The hamlet is separated from its nearest western neighbor, Ocean Bay Park, by a six-foot chain-link barrier known simply as "the Fence." The Sunken Forest serves as a natural barrier to the East. Tourists are not welcome; the ferry from Bay Shore, L.I., is privately owned and uninvited visitors who board may well be met by an Association member when they arrive at the Point O' Woods dock.
Its insularity and tight restrictions have permitted Point O' Woods to preclude the commercial development and expansion that has affected the rest of Fire Island; it is still well known for its peaceful atmosphere, safe environment and its family orientation.
In spite of its storied exclusivity, Point O' Woods has established intramural relationships with summer camp sports programs with other Fire Island communities. The Volunteer Fire Department regularly trains with counterparts in Ocean Bay Park.
In 1968, journalist Nat Hentoff protested that club rules denied him access to the federally funded U.S. post office located within the Point O' Woods grounds. Eventually, the hamlet resolved the dispute by giving up its federal post office, and now has no ZIP code. Mail is delivered to Bay Shore by the USPS and then brought by ferry to Point O' Woods, where it is distributed privately.
The Wreck of the Elizabeth
On July 19, 1850 the English barque Elizabeth sank after running aground on the Fire Island sandbar just off of Point O' Woods. Famed feminist author Margaret Fuller perished in the wreck along with her infant child. Three days after the sinking, Fuller's friend Henry David Thoreau arrived at Point O' Woods to search for her remains. Her body was never recovered.
In popular culture
- In Mad Men season 2, episode 6, "Maidenform", Trudy and Pete tell Bud and Trudy Campbell they'll summer at Point O'Woods, so Pete can stay near the office, where (he says) his presence is important.
- Fire Island#Other locations
- "Point O'Woods: 90 Years of Gentility and Privacy," By Diane Ketcham, New York Times, August 28, 1988
- "Paul Krassner Leads Fire Island Incursion," By Tony Ortega, Village Voice, July 28, 2010
- Small Layout Scrapbook
- "Big Changes Afoot on Fire Island, Except for One Enclave," By CANDACE TAYLOR, July 10, 2008
- Diane Ketcham (August 28, 1988). "Point O'Woods: 90 Years of Gentility and Privacy". New York Times.
- New York Sun - Big Changes Afoot on Fire Island, Except for One Enclave
- "Big Changes Afoot on Fire Island, Except for One Enclave," By Candace Taylor, New York Sun, July 10, 2008
- Cheever, Susan (2006). American Bloomsbury. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 140–141. ISBN 0-7432-6461-4.