Portuguese legislative election, 1985

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Portuguese legislative election, 1985
Portugal
1983 ←
6 October 1985 → 1987

250 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
125 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Cavaco Silva 2007 quadrada.jpg No image.png
Leader Aníbal Cavaco Silva Almeida Santos
Party Social Democratic Socialist
Leader since 2 June 1985 13 June 1985 (interim)
Leader's seat Lisbon[1] Porto[2]
Last election 75 seats, 27.2% 101 seats, 36.1%
Seats won 88 57
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 44
Popular vote 1,732,288 1,204,321
Percentage 29.9% 20.8%
Swing Increase 2.7% Decrease 15.3%

Prime Minister before election

Soares
Socialist

Prime Minister-elect

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1985 took place on 6 October. In June of the same year, the former Prime-Minister, Mário Soares, had resigned from the job due to the lack of parliamentary support, the government was composed by a coalition of the two major parties, the center-right Social Democratic and the center-left Socialist, in what was called the Central Bloc, however this was an unstable balance of forces and several members of each party opposed such alliance. The new leader of the Social Democratic Party, Cavaco Silva, elected in May, was among those that never supported such alliance, and short after being elected leader of the party made the coalition fall in July.

A new election was called by the President and the Social Democrats won with a short majority and Cavaco became the Prime-Minister. Meanwhile, a new party had been founded by supporters of the President Ramalho Eanes, the Democratic Renewal Party, led by Hermínio Martinho that surprisingly gained 45 MPs in the election and became the parliamentary support of the Cavaco's government until 1987, when it removed its support, making Cavaco fall. The Communists and the Socialists lost votes and MPs and the left would only return to the government ten years later, in 1995.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved and the respective leaders:

Aníbal Cavaco Silva, leader of the Social Democratic Party, was nominated Prime Minister for the first time.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1983 and 1985 for reference.

125 seats needed for a majority
Date Released Institute Socialist Social Democratic United People Alliance Democratic
and Social Centre
Democratic Renewal Lead
6 October 1985 Election Results 20.8%
57 seats
29.9%
88 seats
15.5%
38 seats
10.0%
22 seats
17.9%
45 seats
9.1%
6 October 1985 Exit Poll - RTP1, 22:50h 22.0% – 26.9% 26.8% – 29.7% 15.0% – 18.1% 9.3% – 10.8% 14.5% – 16.5% 2.8% – 4.8%
6 October 1985 Exit Poll - RTP1, 21:10h 23.8% – 26.9% 28.0% – 29.8% 17.3% – 18.1% 9.8% – 10.7% 11.1% – 14.9% 2.9% – 6.0%
6 October 1985 Exit Poll - Rádio Comercial 19.0% – 22.0% 29.0% – 31.0% 14.0% – 16.0% 8.0% – 16.0% 18.0% – 22.0% 9.0% – 10.0%
4 October 1985 Expresso 28.0% – 32.0% 27.0% – 31.0% 15.0% – 17.0% 9.0% – 12.0% 8.0% – 11.0% 1.0%
25 April 1983 Election Results 36.1%
101 seats
27.2%
75 seats
18.1%
44 seats
12.6%
30 seats
8.9%

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 6 October 1985 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
1983 1985 ± % ±
Social Democratic 1,732,288 29.87 Increase2.7 75 88 Increase13 35.20 Increase5.2 1.18
Socialist 1,204,321 20.77 Decrease15.3 101 57 Decrease44 22.80 Decrease17.6 1.10
Democratic Renewal 1,038,893 17.92 45 18.00 1.00
United People Alliance[A] 898,281 15.49 Decrease2.6 44 38 Decrease6 15.20 Decrease2.4 0.98
Democratic and Social Centre 577,580 9.96 Decrease2.6 30 22 Decrease8 8.80 Decrease3.2 0.88
People's Democratic Union 73,401 1.27 Increase0.8 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Christian Democratic Party 41,831 0.72 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Revolutionary Socialist Party 35,238 0.61 Increase0.4 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers' Communist Party 19,943 0.34 Decrease0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 19,085 0.33 Decrease0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Communist Party (Reconstructed) 12,749 0.22 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,653,610 97.49 Increase0.1 250 250 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 48,709 0.84 Increase0.1
Invalid ballots 96,610 1.67 Decrease0.1
Total (turnout 74.16%) 5,798,929 100.00 Decrease3.6
A Portuguese Communist Party (35 MPs) and Portuguese Democratic Movement (3 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PSD
  
29.87%
PS
  
20.77%
PRD
  
17.92%
APU
  
15.49%
CDS-PP
  
9.96%
UDP
  
1.27%
Others/Invalides
  
4.73%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]