Elections in Portugal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Portugal
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Portugal
Constitution
Foreign relations

Elections in Portugal gives information on election and election results in Portugal.

Only the elections since the Carnation Revolution of 1974 are listed here. During the period encompassing the Constitutional Monarchy and the First Republic there were also elections, but only for a limited universe of voters. During the Estado Novo regime, from 1926 to 1974, the few elections held were not up to the democratic standards of their time and never resulted in power transfer.

Portugal elects on a national level the President and the national Parliament, the Assembly of the Republic. The President is elected for a five-year term by the people while the Parliament has 230 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies, the districts. Also on a national level, Portugal elects 21 members of the European Parliament.

The Autonomous Regions of Azores and Madeira elect their own regional government for a four-year term, usually on the same day. The first regional elections were held in 1976.

On a local level, 308 Municipal Chambers and Municipal Assemblies and 3,092[1] Parish Assemblies are elected for a four-year term in separate elections that usually occur on the same day.

Latest elections[edit]

2011 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 5 June 2011 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ±pp swing MPs MPs %/
votes %
2009 2011 ± % ±
Social Democratic 2,159,181 38.66 Increase9.6 81 108 Increase27 46.96 Increase11.7 1.21
Socialist 1,566,347 28.05 Decrease8.5 97 74 Decrease23 32.17 Decrease10.0 1.15
People's 653,888 11.71 Increase1.3 21 24 Increase3 10.43 Increase1.3 0.89
Democratic Unity Coalition[A] 441,147 7.90 Increase0.0 15 16 Increase1 6.96 Increase0.4 0.88
Left Bloc 288,923 5.17 Decrease4.6 16 8 Decrease8 3.48 Decrease3.5 0.67
Workers' Communist Party 62,610 1.12 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Party for Animals and Nature 57,995 1.04 0 0.00 0.0
Earth Party 22,705 0.41 Increase0.3 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Hope for Portugal Movement 21,942 0.39 Decrease0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
National Renovator Party 17,548 0.31 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Portuguese Labour Party 16,895 0.30 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
People's Monarchist Party 14,687 0.26 Decrease0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
New Democracy 11,806 0.21 Decrease0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Portugal Pro-Life 8,209 0.15 Steady0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 4,572 0.08 Steady0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic 4,569 0.08 0 0.00 0.0
Humanist Party 3,588 0.06 0 0.00 0.0
Total valid 5,357,037 95.92 Decrease1.0 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 148,618 2.66 Increase0.9
Invalid ballots 79,399 1.42 Increase0.1
Total (turnout 58.03%) 5,585,054 100.00 Decrease1.7
A Portuguese Communist Party (14 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[2]
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

2011 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 23 January 2011 Portuguese presidential election results
Candidates Supporting parties First round
Votes %
Aníbal Cavaco Silva Social Democratic Party, People's Party, Hope for Portugal Movement 2,231,956 52.95
Manuel Alegre Socialist Party, Left Bloc, Democratic Party of the Atlantic, Workers' Communist Party 831,838 19.74
Fernando Nobre Independent 593,021 14.07
Francisco Lopes Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party "The Greens" 301,017 7.14
José Manuel Coelho New Democracy Party 189,918 4.51
Defensor Moura Independent 67,110 1.59
Total valid 4,214,860 100.00
Blank ballots 192,127 4.28
Invalid ballots 85,466 1.90
Total (turnout 46.52%) 4,492,453
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

Past elections and referendums[edit]

Election results 1975-2011[edit]

e • d Summary of Portuguese elections for the Assembly of the Republic, 1975-2011
Parties (listed by date of foundation) 1975* 1976 1979 1980 1983 1985 1987 1991 1995 1999 2002 2005 2009 2011
Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) 12.5 14.4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Portuguese Democratic Movement (MDP) 4.1 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - -
Socialist Party (PS) 37.9 34.9 27.3 1.1 36.1 20.8 22.2 29.1 43.8 44.1 37.8 45.0 36.6 28.1
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 26.4 24.4 2.4 2.5 27.2 29.9 50.2 50.6 34.1 32.3 40.2 28.8 29.1 38.7
People´s Party (CDS–PP) 7.6 16.0 0.4 0.2 12.6 10.0 4.4 4.4 9.1 8.3 8.7 7.2 10.4 11.7
People's Democratic Union (UDP) 0.8 1.7 2.2 1.4 0.5 1.3 0.9 0.1 0.6 - - - - -
United People Alliance (APU) - - 18.8 16.8 18.1 15.5 - - - - - - - -
Democratic Alliance (AD) - - 42.5 44.9 - - - - - - - - - -
Republican and Socialist Front (FRS) - - - 26.7 - - - - - - - - - -
Democratic Renewal Party (PRD) - - - - - 17.9 4.9 0.6 - - - - - -
Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU) - - - - - - 12.1 8.8 8.6 9.0 6.9 7.5 7.9 7.9
National Solidarity Party (PSN) - - - - - - - 1.7 0.2 0.2 - - - -
Left Bloc (BE) - - - - - - - - - 2.4 2.7 6.4 9.8 5.2
Other parties; Invalid votes 10.7 8.6 6.4 6.4 5.5 4.6 4.7 4.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 5.1 6.2 8.5
Turnout 91.7 83.5 82.9 83.9 77.8 74.2 71.6 67.8 66.3 61.1 61.5 64.3 59.7 58.0
*The 1975 election was for the Constituent Assembly.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

European Parliament elections[edit]

Referendums[edit]

The Constitution of Portugal defines referendum in Article 115.[3] The referendum is called by the President of Portugal, on a proposal submitted by the Assembly or the Government. The President can refuse a proposal for referendum submitted to him by the Assembly or the Government if it is found to be unconstitutional or illegal. Referendums are binding if turnout is higher than 50% of registered voters.

Citizens of Portugal have the right to submit to the Assembly an initiative for a referendum.

The referendum can be held only on "important issues concerning the national interest which the Assembly of the Republic or the Government must decide by approving an international convention or passing a legislative act" (paragraph 3[3]). The referendum cannot be held on amendments to the Constitution, budget, taxes, finances and competences of the Assembly, except when issue is the object of an international convention, except when the international convention concerns peace or the rectification of borders.

There have been three referendums in modern Portugal:

All three referendums had turnout less than 50%, so they were not binding. Nonetheless, decissions of all three referendums were honoured.

There was also a constitutional referendum in 1933 establishing Estado Novo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]