Portuguese presidential election, 2011

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Portuguese presidential election, 2011
Portugal
2006 ←
23 January 2011 → 2016

  Cavaco Silva 2007 quadrada.jpg Manuel Alegre.jpg Fernando Nobre 02 square.jpg
Candidate Aníbal Cavaco Silva Manuel Alegre Fernando Nobre
Party Social Democratic Socialist Independent
Popular vote 2,231,956 831,838 593,021
Percentage 53.0% 19.7% 14.1%

President before election

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

President-elect

Cavaco Silva
Social Democratic

Coat of arms of Portugal
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Portugal
Constitution
Foreign relations

The 2011 Portuguese presidential election was held on 23 January 2011. This election resulted in the re-election of Aníbal Cavaco Silva to a second term as President of Portugal. Turnout in this election was very low, where only 46.52% of the electorate cast their ballots. Cavaco Silva won by a landslide winning all 18 districts, both Autonomous regions of Azores and Madeira and 292 municipalities of a total of 308.

Procedure[edit]

Any Portuguese citizen over 35 years old has the opportunity to run for president. In order to do so it is necessary to gather between 7500 and 15000 signatures and submit them to the Portuguese Constitutional Court.

According to the Portuguese Constitution, to be elected, a candidate needs a majority (50% + 1). If no candidate gets this majority there will take place a second round between the two most voted candidates.

Political context[edit]

During the 2006 presidential elections, former Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva, the only candidate of the center-right had won the ballot in the first round with 50.5% of the votes cast. He had faced two particular candidates from the ruling Socialist Party, the official candidate Mário Soares, former President of the Republic came in third with 14.3%, Manuel Alegre, a dissident, ranked second with 20.7% of votes . This historic victory of a conservative candidate, the first after the Carnation Revolution, inaugurated a period of "political cohabitation" with Socialist Prime Minister José Sócrates.

The general elections of September 2009 confirmed this situation, and brought the PS once again to power, however depriving him of his absolute majority. The situation of economic and financial crisis that the country lives led to the adoption of an austerity plan and budget for more frequent intervention of the Head of State in politics to promote agreement among political parties in the country.

Candidates[edit]

Official candidates[edit]

Unsuccessful candidacies[edit]

  • Luís Botelho Ribeiro: Leader of the Pro-life Party. His application was formalised on Monday, 20 December, with over 8,000 signatures. His candidacy was analysed by the Constitutional Court. On 29 December, the court concluded that his candidady did not meet the requirements provided by law.
  • José Ribeiro e Castro: Member of the Democratic and Social Centre – People´s Party, especulated to run as an alternative right-wing candidate, because of Cavaco's decision to approve same-sex marriage. However, he did not go forward with his candidacy.
  • José Pinto Coelho: Leader of the far-right National Renovator Party. He declared that his candidacy for the presidency "was been cut short" by failing to gather the 7,500 signatures required. He claimed to have gathered 5,878 signatures.

Opinion polling[edit]

Date released Poll source Cavaco Silva 2007 quadrada.jpg Manuel Alegre.jpg Fernando Nobre 02 square.jpg Defensor Moura square.jpg Francisco lopes.png José Manuel Coelho-square.jpg Others/
Undecided
Lead
Cavaco Silva
PSDInc.
Alegre
PS
Nobre
Ind.
Moura
Ind.
Lopes
CDU
Coelho
PND
23 January 2011 Election Results 53.0 19.7 14.1 1.6 7.1 4.5
33.3 over Alegre
23 January 2011 (20:00) Exit Poll - RTP1
Universidade Católica
52.0 – 58.0 18.0 – 21.0 13.5 – 16.5 1.0 – 2.0 5.0 – 8.0 2.0 – 4.0
34.0 – 37.0 over Alegre
23 January 2011 (20:00) Exit Poll - SIC
Eurosondagem
51.6 – 56.0 17.1 – 20.9 13.1 – 16.3 1.1 – 2.1 6.3 – 7.5 3.3 – 4.5
34.5 – 35.1 over Alegre
23 January 2011 (20:00) Exit Poll - TVI
INTERCAMPUS
51.4 – 55.4 17.2 – 21.2 12.4 – 16.4 0.7 – 2.7 5.8 – 8.8 3.1 – 5.1
34.2 over Alegre
Exit polls
21 January 2011 Sol (average) 58.0 22.0 11.0 2.0 5.0 2.0
36.0 over Alegre
21 January 2011 Universidade Católica 59.0 22.0 10.0 1.0 6.0 2.0
37.0 over Alegre
21 January 2011 Eurosondagem 56.3 25.0 10.1 2.0 5.2 1.4
31.3 over Alegre
21 January 2011 Aximage 54.7 25.6 10.7 1.8 6.3 0.9
29.1 over Alegre
20 January 2011 INTERCAMPUS 54.6 22.8 9.1 2.6 8.2 2.7
31.8 over Alegre
19 January 2011 Marktest 61.5 15.0 12.7 1.2 3.3 2.1 4.2 46.5 over Alegre
8 January 2011 Aximage 57.1 20.8 8.7 3.1 2.0 0.5 7.8 36.3 over Alegre
7 January 2011 INTERCAMPUS 60.1 25.3 4.2 2.5 6.3 1.6
34.8 over Alegre
23 December 2010 Eurosondagem 60.0 30.0 4.8 0.7 4.5
30.0 over Alegre
19 December 2010 INTERCAMPUS 64.3 20.7 5.5 1.0 4.5
43.6 over Alegre
27 November 2010 Eurosondagem 57.0 32.0 5.2 1.0 4.8
25.0 over Alegre
26 November 2010 Marktest 78.3 15.0 4.0 0.0 0.7
63.3 over Alegre
21 November 2010 INTERCAMPUS 61.5 26.1 4.5 0.5 3.7
3.7 35.4 over Alegre
29 October 2010 Marktest 71.3 20.2 5.0 0.9 1.1
51.1 over Alegre
29 October 2010 Universidade Católica 63.0 20.0 7.0 1.0 3.0
43.0 over Alegre
13 October 2010 Aximage 55.1 35.7 7.1 0.2 1.9
19.4 over Alegre
9 October 2010 INTERCAMPUS 55.5 30.7 4.9 1.2 5.6
24.8 over Alegre
25 September 2010 Marktest 71.0 22.0 4.0 0.2 1.0
49.0 over Alegre
24 September 2010 Eurosondagem 54.9 33.0 6.2 1.1 4.8
21.9 over Alegre
12 September 2010 Aximage 58.1 32.1 5.4 0.0 4.4
26.0 over Alegre
31 July 2010 Marktest 67.1 19.6 10.0 0.7
47.5 over Alegre
24 July 2010 INTERCAMPUS 59.4 26.8 9.1 2.9
32.6 over Alegre
12 July 2010 Euroexpansão 51.1 14.7 4.1
22.1 36.4 over Alegre
11 July 2010 Aximage 55.3 26.9 11.6
6.2 28.4 over Alegre
28 June 2010 Universidade Católica 50.0 19.0 7.0
25.0 31.0 over Alegre
13 June 2010 Aximage 53.4 28.1 8.6
9.9 25.3 over Alegre
14 March 2010 Universidade Católica 57.0 19.0 8.0
16.0 38.0 over Alegre
13 March 2010 Aximage 56.0 21.6 13.8
8.6 34.4 over Alegre
12 March 2010 Eurosondagem 36.9 25.0 9.6
(5.0)
23.5 11.9 over Alegre
22 January 2010 Aximage 60.3 39.7
20.6 over Alegre

Campaign Budgets[edit]

Candidate (party) Election
Result
State Subsidy Political Parties
Contributions
Fundraising Total Recipes Expenses Debt
Calculated Budgeted Calculated Budgeted
Silva, CavacoCavaco Silva (PSD, CDS-PP, MEP) 53.0% €1,920,000 €1,570,000 €0 €550,000 €2,470,000 €2,120,000 €2,120,000 €0
Alegre, ManuelManuel Alegre (PS, BE, PDA, PCTP) 19.7% €836,000 €1,350,000 €500,000 €50,000 €1,386,000 €1,900,000 €1,640,000 €254,000
Nobre, FernandoFernando Nobre (I) 14.1% €653,000 €511,200 €0 €331,460 €984,460 €842,660 €842,660 €0
Lopes, FranciscoFrancisco Lopes (PCP, PEV) 7.1% €425,000 €512,000 €270,000 €18,000 €713,000 €800,000 €800,000 €87,000
Moura, DefensorDefensor Moura (I) 1.6% €0 €225,000 €0 €25,000 €25,000 €250,000 €250,000 €225,000
Coelho, José ManuelJosé Manuel Coelho (PND) 4.5% €0 €10,000 €30,000 €50,000 €80,000 €90,000 €90,000 €10,000
Ribeiro, Luís BotelhoLuís Botelho Ribeiro (PPV) - - €7,000 €0 €0 €7,000 €7,000 €7,000 €0
Source: Portuguese Constitutional Court (TC)[1]
(Note that some candidates filed with the TC, but did not pursue their candidacy.)

Results[edit]

Candidate receiving most votes, per district (Azores and Madeira not shown)
e • d Summary of the 23 January 2011 Portuguese presidential election results
Candidates Supporting parties First round
Votes %
Aníbal Cavaco Silva Social Democratic Party, People's Party, Hope for Portugal Movement 2,231,956 52.95
Manuel Alegre Socialist Party, Left Bloc, Democratic Party of the Atlantic, Workers' Communist Party 831,838 19.74
Fernando Nobre Independent 593,021 14.07
Francisco Lopes Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party "The Greens" 301,017 7.14
José Manuel Coelho New Democracy Party 189,918 4.51
Defensor Moura Independent 67,110 1.59
Total valid 4,214,860 100.00
Blank ballots 192,127 4.28
Invalid ballots 85,466 1.90
Total (turnout 46.52%) 4,492,453
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share 1st Round
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
  
52.95%
Manuel Alegre
  
19.74%
Fernando Nobre
  
14.07%
Francisco Lopes
  
7.14%
José Manuel Coelho
  
5.17%
Defensor Moura
  
1.59%
Blank/Invalid
  
6.18%
Abstention
  
53.48%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Official campaign websites
Other websites