Prince Charles of Denmark

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Prince Charles
Count of Holstein
Prince Charles of Denmark.jpg
House House of Oldenburg
Father Christian V of Denmark
Mother Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
Born (1680-10-26)26 October 1680
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died 8 June 1729(1729-06-08) (aged 48)
Vemmetofte, Denmark
Burial Roskilde Cathedral
Religion Lutheran

Prince Charles of Denmark (26 October 1680 - 8 June 1729) was the fourth son of Christian V of Denmark and his consort Queen Charlotte Amalie, and thus a younger brother of King Frederick IV. He never married and had no children, nor did he ever engage in any political activities. Instead he maintained a withdrawn life on his estates.

Early life and education[edit]

Portrait pf Prince Charles by Georg Saleman, copied after a portrait by Hyacinthe Rigaud.

Prince Charles was born on 26 October 1680 at Copenhagen Castle as the fourth son of Christian V and his consort Queen Charlotte Amalie. As was the tradition at the court, his upbringing was left to others, including Johan Georg Holstein, who was replaced by Carl Ahlefeldt as his hofmeister in 1696. In particular Christian Siegfried von Plessen was charged with his upbringing.[1]

Prince Charles suffered from weak health and was hard of hearing. In order to benefit from a milder climate he was sent to France and Italy on a study trip from 1696 to 1699, spending most of the time in Montpellier. On the journey he was accompanied by Carl Adolph von Plessen, the three years older son of his mentor, who remained a close friend and companion of the prince for the rest of his life, with title of first hoffmeister and later chamberlain.[1]

Land owner and horse breeder[edit]

Prince Charles mounted on one of his horses.

Back in Denmark Prince Charles settled at Jægerspris Castle which he was given by his older brother, now King Frederick IV of Denmark since his ascent to the throne. He immediately embarked on a major extension of the castle and passionately fond of horses, an interest he shared with his father and brother, he also founded a stud farm on the estate.[1]

From his mother, who died in 1715, he inherited Vemmetofte Manor and Højstrup Manors on Zealand and Charlottenborg Palace in Copenhagen. His holdings also included a pleasure garden in Copenhagen located outside the city's Northern City Gate. It was known as Prinsens Have (English: The Prince's Garden) and later Blågård (English: Blue Farm), a name which is commemorated in several toponyms today.[1]

Final years at Vemmetofte Manor[edit]

When Frederick IV had his wife by bigamy Anne Sophie Reventlow crowned as his queen, it led to a breach between the two brothers, and together with Princess Sophia Hedwig, his three years older sister, Prince Charles took up permanent residence at Vemmetofte Manor where they maintained an extravagant household. Carl Adolph von Plessen remained a close friend who had a reputation for exercising such a great influence on the prince that on one occasion it prompted the king to exclaim "Well there comes Prince Plessen with my brother Charles!". Ultimately the two brothers were reconciled and in the end Prince Charles even ended up godfathering one of the king's children by Anne Sophie.

After suffering from weak health throughout his life, he died in 1729 and was interred at Roskilde Cathedral.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Prins Carl og prinsesse Sophie Hedevig". thorshoj.dk. Retrieved 2010-11-22.