Principality of Pereyaslavl

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Principality of Pereyaslavl
Переяславське князівство (Ukrainian)
Principality of Kievan Rus
988–1239


Coat of arms

Capital Pereyaslavl
Languages Official language:
Old East Slavic
Religion Official religion:
Orthodox
Government monarchy
Prince of Pereyaslavl
 -  988–1010 Yaroslav I the Wise (first)
 -  1206–1239 Vladimir IV Rurikovich (last)
History
 -  Established 988
 -  Disestablished 1239
Currency Grivna
Today part of
Kievan Rus (1015-1113)
Principalities of Kievan Rus' (1054-1132)
Part of a series on the
History of Ukraine
Coat of arms of Ukraine
Portal icon Ukraine portal

The Principality of Pereyaslavl (Ukrainian: Переяславське князівство) was a regional principality of Kievan Rus from the end of 9th to 1302 based on the city of Pereyaslavl (now Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi) on the Trubezh river.[1] It was usually administrated by younger sons of the Grand Prince of Kiev. It stretched over some extensive territory from the left banks of the middle Dnieper river on the west to its eastern frontier that laid not far west from the Seversky Donets where presumably was situated a legendary Cuman city of Sharuk(h)an.

The Primary Chronicle dates the foundation of the city of Pereyaslavl' to 992; the archaeological evidence suggests it was founded not long after this date.[2] In its early days it was one of the important cities in Kievan Rus behind the Principality of Chernigov and that of Kiev. The city was located at a ford where Vladimir the Great fought a battle against the nomad Pechenegs.[3]

The principality can be traced as a semi-independent dominion from the inheritance of the sons of Yaroslav the Wise, Svyatoslav receiving Chernigov, Vsevolod getting Pereyaslavl, Smolensk going to Vyacheslav and Vladimir-in-Volhynia going to Igor; this ladder of succession.[4]

The Primary Chronicle had recorded that in 988 Vladimir had assigned the northern lands (later associated with Pereyaslavl) to Yaroslav.[5] The town was destroyed by the Mongols in March 1239, the first of the great Rus' cities to fall.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 4.
  2. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 107.
  3. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 173.
  4. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 26.
  5. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 38.
  6. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 139.

References[edit]

  • Franklin, Simon; Shepard, Jonathan (1996), The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200, Longman History of Russia, London & New York: Longman, ISBN 0-582-49091-X 
  • Martin, Janet (1995), Medieval Russia, 970-1584, Cambridge Medieval Textbooks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36832-4 

External links[edit]