||761 km (473 mi)
||121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi)
||Pina, Yaselda, Tsna, Lan, Sluch, Ptsich, Braginka
||Horyn, Stokhid, Styr, Turija, Ubort, Zhelon, Slovechna, Uzh
The Pripyat River or Prypiat River (Ukrainian: Прип’ять, pronounced [ˈprɪpjɑtʲ]; Belarusian: Прыпяць, Prypiać, [ˈprɨpʲatsʲ]; Polish: Prypeć, [ˈprɨpɛtɕ]; Russian: Припять, [ˈprʲipʲɪtʲ]) is a river in Eastern Europe, approximately 761 km (473 mi) long. It flows east through Ukraine, Belarus, and Ukraine again, draining into the Dnieper.
The Pripyat passes through the Zone of alienation around the Chernobyl reactor, site of the nuclear disaster. It is polluted with radionuclides. The concentration of caesium-137 in river sediments continues to increase. The city of Prypiat, Ukraine (population 45,000) was completely evacuated after the Chernobyl disaster.
Pripyat River at Mazyr, Belarus
Pripyat has catchment area of 121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi), 50,900 km2 (19,700 sq mi) of which are in Belarus. 495 km (308 mi) of the whole river length lies within territory of Belarus.
Map displaying the passage of the river through southern Belarus
through the cities of Mazyr
At least three etymologies have been proposed for the name:-
- In Slavic languages, the component "pri" means "near", and the component "pyat" means "5". This river has a confluence with five other rivers.
- It might derive from the local word pripech used for a river with sandy banks.
- From a Western-Baltic name Preipente "the river at (till) the spurs", the Pripyat river being very shallow in the area inhabited by Western Balts.
- (in Russian, English and Polish) Ye.N.Meshechko, A.A.Gorbatsky (2005) Belarusian Polesye: Tourist Transeuropean Water Mains, Minsk, Four Quarters,
- (in Belorussian, Russian and English) T.A.Khvagina (2005) POLESYE from the Bug to the Ubort, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 985-06-1153-7.