Kakhovka Reservoir

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Kakhovka Reservoir
Location Kherson, Zaporizhia, and the Dnipropetrovsk Oblasts
Coordinates 47°28′N 34°10′E / 47.467°N 34.167°E / 47.467; 34.167Coordinates: 47°28′N 34°10′E / 47.467°N 34.167°E / 47.467; 34.167
Type Hydroelectric reservoir
Primary inflows Dnieper River
Primary outflows Dnieper River
Basin countries Russia, Belarus, Ukraine
Max. length 240 km
Max. width 23 km
Surface area 2,155 km²
Average depth 8.4 m
Max. depth 26 m
Water volume 18.2 km³
Surface elevation 44 m

The Kakhovka Reservoir (Ukrainian: Каховське водосховище, Kakhovs’ke vodoskhovyshche) is a water reservoir located on the Dnieper River. It covers a total surface area of 2,155 square kilometres in the territories of the Kherson, Zaporizhia, and the Dnipropetrovsk Oblasts of Ukraine. The reservoir was created in 1956 when the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Power Plant was built.

Map of the Kakhivka Reservoir

The reservoir is 240 km long, up to 23 km wide, and has an average depth of 8.4 meters (with depth varying from 3 to 26 m). The total water volume is 18.2 km³. It is mainly used to supply hydroelectric stations, the Krasnoznamianka Irrigation System and the Kakhivka Irrigation System, industrial plants, freshwater-fish farms, the North Crimean Canal and the Dnieper–Kryvyi Rih Canal. With its creation, it has created a deep-water route, allowing deep-sea ships to sail up the Dnieper.

The lands of the former Zaporizhian Host now lie under the Kakhovka Reservoir.