Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2009)|
Left side view of abdomen
|Classification and external resources|
|ICD-10||O99.7 (ILDS O99.740)|
Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP), known in United Kingdom as polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP), is a chronic hives-like rash that strikes some women during pregnancy. Although extremely annoying for its sufferers (because of the itch), it presents no long-term risk for either the mother or unborn child. PUPPP frequently begins on the abdomen and spreads to the legs, feet, arms, chest, and neck.
Papules and plaques usually start appearing on the abdomen (although not on the umbilicus/bellybutton) and often spreads to the legs, chest, underarms, etc. The face is usually also spared and does not seem to become affected.
Skin distension (stretching) is a common factor in PUPPP, which is more common in mothers with large fundal measurements and/or those who are carrying large babies, twins, and triplets. The papules and plaques often first appear within stretch marks.
Certain studies reveal that this condition is more frequent in women carrying boys, although no formal research has been conducted. Statistics cite that 70% of PUPPP sufferers deliver boys. Some researchers think it has to do with male DNA interacting with the mother's body causing irritation.
PUPPP's occurs in about 1 in every 200 pregnancies and is not always easy to diagnose.
The cause of the condition is unknown, but the distension of the skin is thought to play a role as this condition occurs mostly in first pregnancies (primigravida), in the third trimester and is more likely with multiple pregnancies (more so with triplets than twins or singletons).
Treatment of mild cases during pregnancy consists mainly of the application of topical moisturising creams or aqueous/emollient ointments. Class I or II corticosteroid creams and ointments are used in more aggressive cases, and oral (systemic) corticosteroids can be used to treat very severe cases—although the benefits of a pregnant woman's ingesting high-potency corticosteroids must be weighed carefully against possible (and mostly unknown) risks to the developing fetus or fetuses. Rarely, in unusually persistent and distressing cases, some women have had their labor induced as soon as they are considered to be at term (37 weeks).
Antihistamine tablets may be prescribed to provide relief from the itch, although they are generally considered much less effective than corticosteroid treatments, and may act as little more than a sleep aid.
In the majority of cases, PUPPP resolves spontaneously within a week of delivery. However, a few women continue to experience symptoms long into the postpartum period.
- Matz H, Orion E, Wolf R (Mar–Apr 2006). "Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy: polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PUPPP)". Clin Dermatol 24 (2): 105–8. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2005.10.010. PMID 16487883.
- Tunzi M, Gray GR (January 2007). "Common skin conditions during pregnancy". Am Fam Physician 75 (2): 211–8. PMID 17263216.
- Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy derm/351 at eMedicine
- Brzoza Z, Kasperska-Zajac A, Oleś E, Rogala B (Jan–Feb 2007). "Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy". J Midwifery Women's Health 52 (1): 44–8. doi:10.1016/j.jmwh.2006.09.007. PMID 17207750.
- Ohel I, Levy A, Silberstein T, Holcberg G, Sheiner E (-May 2006). "Pregnancy outcome of patients with pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy". J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19 (5): 305–8. doi:10.1080/14767050600590573. PMID 16753771. Check date values in:
- De G, De G (January 2002). "Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy: an unusual case" (PDF). J Am Osteopath Assoc 102 (1): 44–6. PMID 11837341.
- Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy~treatment at eMedicine