|Location||250 St Georges Tce,
Perth, Western Australia
|Owner||Investa Property Group (50%); Commonwealth Superannuation Corporation, as Trustee for PSS/CSS A Property Trust (50%)|
|Roof||163 m (534.78 ft)|
|Floor count||40 (38 tenantable)|
|Floor area||59,566 m2 (641,160 sq ft)
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Harry Seidler & Associates|
|Developer||Interstruct & Kajima Corporation|
QV.1 is a 40-storey modernist skyscraper in Perth, Western Australia. Completed in 1991, the 163-metre (535 ft) building is the fourth-tallest building in Perth, after Central Park, the BHP Tower and the BankWest Tower. The project was designed by architect Harry Seidler and has won numerous awards for its innovative design and energy efficiency.
Site and construction history
The property, which fronts St Georges Terrace, Hay Street and a whole block on Milligan Street, was home to various buildings, including two 11-storey buildings and, at the corner of Hay and Milligan Streets, the first Fast Eddy's burger bar.
Planning for the redevelopment began in the second half of the 1980s, with the design done by Harry Seidler & Associates Architects. The site fell partially within the boundaries of the statutory "Parliamentary Precinct", which limited skyscraper heights near Parliament House. The Environmental Committee of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (WA Branch) recommended that the requirements for the precinct be amended to allow the development to take place. The tower was named "Q.V.1" after the Latin phrase Quo vadis (meaning "where are you going?").
With the plans finalised and approved, the site was purchased in 1989 for A$30 million by a joint venture between Barrack Properties (50% share), Kajima Corporation (30%) and Interstruct (20%). The purchase also included a site across Hay Street, which would be turned into a 4.5-storey car park for the development. The owners of the Fast Eddy's restaurant had wanted to incorporate this restaurant into the new development, however they accepted a $5.2 million offer from the developers, and instead moved the restaurant to the corner of Murray Street and Milligan Street, where it remains today.
Finance on the tower had been made possible by a put option granted by BT Property Trust and the New South Wales State Superannuation Board, whereby for an estimated fee of $20 million they agreed to buy the tower upon completion for $340 million if the option was exercised. However, during construction of the tower, Perth property prices suffered a major collapse as demand for office space slumped. In August 1991, just six weeks out from completion, the building did not have a single tenant, and was regarded as "one of the great white elephants of the Australian property scene". The owners exercised the option in 1991 upon completion of the project, handing joint ownership to the Superannuation Board and BT Property Trust.
After QV.1's opening in 1991, Perth's office vacancy rate hit a high of 73.6% in 1993. However, by 1996 the tower was fully leased and in June 1998 remained the only premium-grade office tower in the city to be fully leased.
When the tower was completed, some suggested the tower was too far west in the central business district. However, the securing of WAPET (now Chevron Australia) as a tenant in QV.1 was regarded as a turning point for the precinct, and helped to establish the west end of the CBD as a resources sector.
For many years the roof of the building has been used as a base from which to launch fireworks shells in the city's annual Lotterywest Skyworks fireworks display on Australia Day. Also, following the death of the tower's architect Harry Seidler on 9 March 2006, a powerful light was temporarily installed on the roof of QV.1 to shine a beam into the sky as a memorial.
The BTA Property Trust sold its half-stake in the building in 1998 to corporate stablemate BT Office Trust for $130.57 million. In 2003 that half-stake was acquired by Investa Property Group, which in 2006 valued QV.1 at $400 million.
According to architect Harry Seidler, one of the architectural objectives in the design of QV.1 was to minimise the impact of the tower when viewed from Parliament House, and this was addressed by offering a narrow profile to that direction. This was necessary to secure government approval for the construction of the tower within the Parliamentary Precinct. To this end, none of the building's facades point directly towards the Parliament building. On the northern side of the site is a two-level retail plaza featuring an artificial waterfall and pond.
Another of the design briefs identified by Harry Seidler was that the building should employ passive design in order to minimise energy costs. This is achieved through the use of tinted double glazed windows, as well as the installation alongside windows of horizontal and vertical sun shades. The use of sun shades alone was estimated to reduce the building's cooling costs by $70,000 per year. The building also features separate air-conditioning units for each floor, so that energy does not need to be wasted cooling or heating unoccupied floors. This can lead to substantial energy savings because in Perth's warm climate cooling costs can account for 60 to 70% of total building energy consumption.
The tower has a reinforced concrete core, measuring 21.5 metres (71 ft) on each side, which bears lateral forces including wind loading. The perimeter of the building features reinforced concrete support columns spaced 7.3 metres (24 ft) apart, and there are no internal columns within floors. The perimeter columns and the core support 14.3-metre (47 ft) clear span post-tensioned beams 3.6 metres (12 ft) apart, with concrete slabs spanning between them. These beams are terminated slightly short so that they can be used as mechanical ducts. Some floors feature landscaped balcony gardens on their south faces, and the top floors feature two tiers of luxurious penthouse offices with landscaped terraces.
The main entrance to QV.1 from St Georges Terrace features a set of stone-clad hyperboloid supports that carry the loads of the two perimeter columns which terminate above them on the third floor. The lowest two office floors are mezzanines so that the ceiling in the lobby is an imposing 14 metres (46 ft) high. The St Georges Terrace entrance is also protected from the elements by a flowing 50-metre (160 ft) suspended glass canopy. The building is clad with polished granite.
Awards which have been won by QV.1 include:
- 1992 Royal Australian Institute of Architects (WA) Architecture Design Award – Commercial buildings over $200 million
- 1992 Royal Australian Institute of Architects (WA) Commendation – Civic Design Award for Commercial Buildings
- 1992 Royal Australian Institute of Architects (National) – Best design for a commercial building (over $200 million)
- 1992 Master Builders Association of Australia – Best workmanship for a building (over $200 million)
- 1999 Master Builders Association of Australia – National Energy Efficiency Award for Commercial Buildings (joint winner with Stadium Australia)
- Hooper, Matthew (15 April 2004). "Property: QV1". WA Business News (Business News Pty Ltd).
- "QV1 Building — Perth". Norman Disney & Young. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "QV1 Tower, Perth". Emporis. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Seidler, Harry (Summer 1987). "QV1". The Architect (Western Australia) (Royal Australian Institute of Architects). pp. 32–35.
- "QV.1 — Awards". QV.1. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Fang, Gavin (11 September 1996). "Dress Circle". The West Australian. p. 60. "Back in 1988, Mr Somas was eager to keep the burgers cooking in the proposed QV1 complex. But, a $5.2 million sweetener from the developers was enough to encourage a move down the road."
- Ron Bodycoat & Peter Parkinson (Vol. 28 No. 2). "Police — Environmental Committee". The Architect (Western Australia). p. 11.
- "Perth Vista — QV1 Building". GlobeVista. 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Ryan, Colleen (22 August 1991). "Institutions caught in QV1 put option". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 31.
- Videnieks, Monica (12 June 1998). "Perth business core moves west". The Australian. p. 39.
- Jacobs, Marsha (23 February 2006). "‘West end’ fast becoming the centre of action in the city". WA Business News (Business News Pty Ltd). "“When they built QV1, everyone thought it was so far west, but now that part of town is absolutely where people want to be, and the vacancy rate in that part of town is negligible,” Mr Denny said. “The western end of the CBD is the resources heart of town, with Chevron, Woodside, BHP, Apache and several major engineering firms also located there.”"
- Callaghan, Ruth (2 July 1997). "West Draws Them In". The West Australian. p. 65. "Graham Postma from Colliers Jardine said the construction of QV1 in the early 1990s was the turning point for the precinct. "When QV1 secured WAPET as a tenant it became the resource centre of the market, and began drawing away the resource companies from Adelaide Terrace," Mr Postma said."
- Fitzpatrick, Catherine (25 January 1997). "Police Warn About Drink At Skyworks". The West Australian. p. 3. "Pyrotechnician Syd Howard said the shells also would be set off from the top of QV1 and Allendale Square and barges on the Swan River — as in previous years — during the 45-minute show."
- Weir, Michael (15 March 2006). "Herd on the Terrace". The West Australian. p. 58. "Night owls might have noticed a powerful beam of light shooting skyward from the roof of city tower QV1 in recent days. Apparently it's been put in place as a temporary memorial for world-renowned architect Harry Seidler, the building's designer, who died last week."
- Staff writer (5 May 2006). "QV1 now worth $400m". The West Australian. p. 39.
- Gibson, Dawn (18 October 2000). "Architects Told To Design With Change In Mind". The West Australian. p. 56. "Completed in 1991 and designed by Harry Seidler, the building was one of the first in Perth to install separate air-conditioning units on each floor so the system does not have to run on all floors all the time. Sunshading is estimated to save around $70,000 a year in power bills, which are reduced even further by energy efficient lighting."
- Gibson, Dawn (18 September 2002). "Buildings to get green ratings". The West Australian. "In Perth, the balmy climate means air-conditioning accounts for 60 to 70 per cent of energy consumption in commercial buildings, so ensuring systems are well-maintained and the temperature is being properly controlled can make a big difference."
- "QV.1 — Features". QV.1. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- Corporate Construction & Design Yearbook. Vol 4 No 1. South Perth: Corporate Media Group. 1992/93. p. 175.
- James, Suzannah (10 March 2006). "Architect's modernist designs stirred up controversy". The West Australian. p. 9. "While some at the time derided the 37-storey QV1 as Perth's most ugly building and a giant Lego block, Mr Seidler said it was the best building he had ever built. He designed it to focus on the Swan River and not the other buildings in St Georges Terrace, which he called boring, parochial boxes."
- Stevens, Melissa (27 October 1999). "QV1 Tower Ties For Energy Use Award". The West Australian. p. 70. "Perth's QV1 office tower has tied with Stadium Australia for the commercial category of the Master Builders Association National Energy Efficiency Awards."
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