Quebec Route 389
|Maintained by Transports Québec|
|Length:||570.0 km (354.2 mi)|
|North end:||Route 500 north of Fermont|
|South end:||Route 138 in Baie-Comeau|
|Major cities:||Baie-Comeau, Fermont|
Quebec's Route 389 connects Route 138 adjacent to Baie-Comeau with the Newfoundland and Labrador border, connecting with the Trans-Labrador Highway (Newfoundland and Labrador provincial highway 500) to Wabush and Labrador City, and beyond to Goose Bay. On its way it skirts the eastern shore of Manicouagan Reservoir.
From km 212, the highway follows a path traditionally used by aboriginal people and explorers, with access to the Hart Jaune Hydroelectric Complex at km 390. The town of Gagnon, now torn down, was at km 394.
Starting at km 482, the "Fire Lake Mine Road" section was built by unemployed workers during a labour dispute, influenced by the presence of the railway owned by the Québec Cartier Mining Company. This section of paved road is notoriously known as "the trail."
From km 482 to the provincial border at km 570 (354 miles from Baie Comeau), the road is an accident-prone section notorious for its poor surface and sharp curves (the joke being you can see your own taillights). Local citizens in adjacent Labrador have been urging realignment of this road, a vital work if it were to be the routing to a fixed link to Newfoundland.
On 9 April 2009, the Quebec government announced that $438 million will be spent for work to improve the highway from the south end as far as Fermont, with major upgrading and repair work. This will include a significant reroute in the Fire Lake-Fermont section far to the southeast between approximately Km 508 and Km 565, rejoining the existing route by way of the Fermont access road and no longer routing through Mont-Wright. Work is expected to take fully 10 years, although planning of improvements to this northernmost section began almost immediately.
At km 562 is the town of Fermont, a mining town with a population of 2,918, and last Quebec port-of-call before entering Newfoundland and Labrador. Labrador City is 23 km further along what is now Highway 500, Wabush is 5 km east of that on Highway 503 (which ends in Wabush). The Happy Valley/Goose Bay ferry terminal is located 526 km east of Wabush, along the shores of Lake Melville, with access to the Atlantic Ocean. The Labrador City/Fermont area border crossing is roughly the half-way point of the approximately 16 hour drive between the junction of Routes 138 and 389 in Baie-Comeau and the end of Route 500 (and adjunct Route 520) in Happy Valley – Goose Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Municipalities along Route 389
The road passes through the following municipalities and unorganized territories from south to north:
- Ministère des transports, "Distances routières", page (?), Les Publications du Québec, 2005
- "Northern Québec: A new site of sustainable development" (Press release). Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "Amélioration de la route 389" (in French). Transports Québec. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- Kovac, Lester. "Lower Pékans/Lower Moisie 2006". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quebec Route 389.|
- Provincial Route Map (Courtesy of the Quebec Ministry of Transportation) (French)
- Route 389 on Google Maps
- Trans-Labrador Highway - Virtual Tour: Quebec Hwy 389 - Baie Comeau to Labrador City