RTÉ Radio 1

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RTÉ Radio 1
RTÉ Radio 1.svg
Broadcast area National – Ireland
Slogan We've got the nation talking
Frequency 88.2–90.0, (87.8 northeast) MHz FM
and 252 kHz LW
Digital terrestrial television
DAB
First air date 1 January 1926 (1 January 1926)
Format Mixed network
Audience share 23.2% All Aged 15+ (February 2009, [1])
Owner Raidió Teilifís Éireann
Sister stations RTÉ Choice
RTÉ Radio 1 Extra
RTÉ 2fm
RTÉ lyric fm
Webcast MP3
Website rte.ie/radio1/

RTÉ Radio 1 (Irish: RTÉ Raidió 1) is the principal radio channel of Irish public-service broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann and is the direct descendant of Dublin radio station 2RN, which began broadcasting on a regular basis on 1 January 1926. The station is a rare modern example of a mixed radio channel, offering a wide spectrum of programming which is mainly speech-based but also includes a fair amount of music.

The total budget for the station in 2010 was €18.4 million.[2] It is the most listened to radio station in Ireland.[3]

History[edit]

The Department of Posts and Telegraphs opened 2RN, the first Irish radio station, on 1 January 1926.[4] Station 6CK, a Cork relay of 2RN, joined the Dublin station in 1927,[5] and a high-power transmitter at Athlone in County Westmeath opened in 1932.[6] From the latter date the three stations became known as Radio Athlone, later being renamed Radio Éireann ("Irish Radio" / "Radio of Ireland") in 1937. Like most small European national stations at that time, Radio Éireann attempted to satisfy all tastes on a single channel. It broadcast a mixed schedule of light entertainment and heavier fare, Irish language programming, and talks. Radio Éireann also carried sponsored programmes, often produced by Leonard Plugge's International Broadcasting Company, which tended to be more popular than programming made directly by Radio Éireann itself.

Run as part of the civil service until 1960, the Broadcasting Authority Act 1960 transferred the station to a statutory corporation, also called Radio Éireann, in preparation for the launch of its sister television station.[7] The name of the corporation was changed to Radio Telefís Éireann in 1966. As a consequence, the station was renamed RTÉ Radio. The station also began FM transmission in 1966. In 1971 the station began the phased move from the GPO on O'Connell Street in Dublin city centre, to a new purpose-built Radio Centre at Donnybrook. When, in 1979, RTÉ established a new rock and pop station under the name of RTÉ Radio 2 (now RTÉ 2fm), the original RTÉ Radio channel was renamed once again and became RTÉ Radio 1.

In 1973, The Gay Byrne Hour began, becoming The Gay Byrne Show in 1979.[8] This anchored the stations daily morning schedule until 1998. On 3 November 1984, current affairs programmes Morning Ireland and Today at Five began broadcasting.[9] The former is now the flagship programme of RTÉ News and Current Affairs on radio while the latter has evolved into the current Drivetime programme via Five Seven Live.

Programmes[edit]

Radio 1 broadcasts a mixture of news, current affairs, features, arts coverage, drama, sport, music (from popular music favourites through country and traditional to world music and jazz), and general entertainment. Major weekday programmes include:

  • Risin' Time – news, music and talk, on air from 5.30 to 7.00.
  • Morning Ireland – the station's flagship news programme, on air from 7.00 to 9.00.
  • The John Murray Show - a talk-based entertainment show, on air from 9.00 to 10.00.
  • Today with Sean O Rourke – a lively current affairs magazine, broadcast between 10.00 and 12.00.
  • The Ronan Collins Show – a music and comedy show, on air from 12.00 to 13.00.
  • The News at One – a round-up of all Irish news and sports, from 13:00 to 13:45.
  • Liveline with Joe Duffy – phone-in discussion from 13.45 until 15.00.
  • Mooney with Derek Mooney – a music and chat show, on air from 15.00 to 16.30.
  • Drivetime – rolling news and talk (sport, popular culture, music and arts) between 16.30 and 19.00.
  • Arena – an arts and culture show, on air from 19.00 to 20.00.
  • '''The John Creedon Show''' – a mix of contemporary, Irish and international tracks, on air from 20.00 to 21.50.

Reception[edit]

RTÉ Radio 1 is currently available in Ireland on 88-90 MHz FM and 252 kHz longwave (LW).

The LW version of Radio 1, which can also be received across the United Kingdom and parts of Western Europe, it is also is the only RTE Radio service available in parts of Northern Ireland since the closure of Medium Wave.

DAB broadcasts of the station began in the east of the country (from the Clermont Carn and Three Rock Mountain high power transmitters via the RTÉ DAB Multiplex) on 1 January 2006. RTE DAB is available on the Saorview platform.

Listeners to WRN's English Service for Europe and English Service for North America can also hear a selection of RTÉ Radio 1 programmes.

RTÉ Radio 1 has been carried on shortwave in DRM during specific events, including the All Ireland finals. RTE carried out DRM tests on its Long Wave frequency 252khz.

The station's tuning signal since 1936 has been the air O'Donnell Abú,[6] although since the advent of 24-hour broadcasting in 1997, the tune has been played just once a day, as a prelude to the start of the day's live broadcasting at 05:30 each morning (between 02:00 and 05:30, apart from the hourly news bulletins, Radio 1's output is made up of selected repeats from earlier programmes).

Longwave 252[edit]

The LW version of Radio 1 which commenced in 2004, which can also be received across the United Kingdom and parts of Western Europe – and is transmitted on the 252 kHz frequency formerly used by the Atlantic 252 radio station – differs in certain respects from that broadcast on FM, particularly at the weekend, with significant additional sports coverage and religious programming. The LW service was due to be withdrawn on Monday 27 October 2014 on cost grounds.[10] However, RTÉ subsequently announced that it had postponed the closure until 19 January 2015 "in order to ensure that listeners, particularly in the UK, have sufficient time to understand and avail themselves of alternatives".[11]

However with further public pressure, especially from elderly Irish listeners in the UK, churches, the GAA, emigrant groups, and listeners in Northern Ireland who wouldn't have access to RTE on FM or DAB, it was announced in December 2014 it was announced that the 252 frequency would be kept going until 2017 at least.[12]

RTE runs 252 Longwave on a lower power than its licenced to 500kilowatts, daytime it uses 300kw and at night 150kw sometimes as low as 100kw.

Closure of medium-wave frequencies[edit]

The medium-wave transmitters of RTÉ Radio 1 were shut down at 15.00 on 24 March 2008. The main transmitter was based at Tullamore and broadcast on 567 kHz. A lower powered relay in Cork at 729 kHz was also in service. Before 1975, the 567 kHz service originated from Athlone.[13] AM transmissions continue on Long Wave 252 kHz from Summerhill, Co. Meath, it is aimed to serve Irish people living in Britain and uses the old Atlantic 252 transmitter. Since the closure, Second Helpings programmes at the weekend have been limited to digital broadcasts only. Most complaints about the closure of medium wave were from groups such as fishermen and the elderly,[14] also from people who didn't have the Long Wave band on their radios.

Part of the rationale behind closing medium wave, and using long wave to access listeners in hard to reach parts of ireland and the UK, was that recepiton would be better in places such as the south of england, London area which in the past had very poor coverage from RTE on medium wave.

Satellite[edit]

The FM service is also available online and from the Astra 1N satellite at 28.2° East on transponder 43 (10.744 GHz horizontal, symbol rate 22000, FEC 5/6, service ID 9611), Freesat, the BSkyB EPG on LCN 0160, and in former Telewest areas served by Virgin Media in the UK on LCN 917.

Budget[edit]

References

The following figures were issued by RTÉ as part of their Annual report 2012[15]

Income

Income Type 2012
Licence Fee €14,472,000
Commercial Income €17,619,000
Total Income €32,091,000

Total Costs

Cost Type 2012
Network and other related costs €3,463,000
Sales Costs not given
Acquired Programming n/a
Irish Productions €31,807,000
Total Costs €35,720,000

Profit and Loss

2012
(€2,125,000)

Breakdown of Irish Productions

Production House 2012
RTÉ €30,908,000
Independent Producers €899,000
Total €31,807,000

The table below outlines RTÉ One's total in-house and commissioned programming by genre in 2008 and 2012:

Genre 2012
Factual €4,063,000
Drama €548,000
Entertainment €2,841,000
Music €6,029,000
News,Current Affairs and Weather €14,496,000
Sport €3,830,000
Young People's Programming n/a
Total €31,807,000

References[edit]

External links[edit]