Rainbow Group (1984–89)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Rainbow Group (1984–1989))
Jump to: navigation, search
Rainbow Group (84–89)
European Parliament group
Name Rainbow Group (84–89)
English abbr. RBW[1]
French abbr. ARC[2]
Formal name Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament[3][4]
Ideology Green politics, Regionalism
Associated organisations Green Alternative European Link
European Free Alliance
From 24 July 1984[3]
To 1989[2][5]
Preceded by Group for the Technical Coordination and Defence of Independent Groups and Members
Succeeded by Rainbow Group in the European Parliament,
The Green Group in the European Parliament
Chaired by Else Hammerich,[4]
Jaak Vandemeulebroucke,[3]
Bram van der Lek,
Paul Staes
MEP(s) 20 (24 July 1984)

The Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament (informally the "Rainbow Group") was a green and regionalist political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1984 and 1989.

History[edit]

The Rainbow Group,[5] was formed in 1984[2] as a coalition of Greens, Regionalists and other parties of the left unaffiliated with any of the international organizations.

The German Greens and the Dutch Green Progressive Alliance were weakened by a principle of rotation used by the Germany and Dutch parties, requiring its MEPs to sit for only half their five-year term.

In 1989[2][5] the Rainbow Group split. The green parties formed the Green Group, whilst the regionalist parties stayed a continuing Rainbow group, with the shorter official name of the Rainbow Group in the European Parliament.

Member Parties[edit]

Country Party MEPs Notes
Germany The Greens 7 MEPs served for only 2.5 years
Netherlands Political Party of Radicals 1 Member of an electoral alliance and common delegation with PSP and CPN. MEP served between 1984 and 1987
Netherlands Pacifist Socialist Party 1 Member of an electoral alliance and common delegation with PPR and CPN.
Netherlands Communist Party of the Netherlands 1 Member of an electoral alliance and common delegation with PSP and PPR. MEP served between 1987 and 1989.
Belgium Agalev 1 Common delegation with Ecolo
Belgium Ecolo 1 Common delegation with Agalev
Belgium People's Union 2 Member of the European Free Alliance
Denmark People's Movement against the European Community 4
Italy Proletarian Unity Party 1 Member of electoral alliance with Proletarian Democracy
Italy Proletarian Democracy 1 Member of electoral alliance with Proletarian Unity Party
Italy Valdotanian Union 1 Member of the European Free Alliance

Nomenclature[edit]

The formal name of the 84-89 Rainbow was "Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament".[3][4] This is the longest name of any European Parliament Group to date.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]