Rainbow Group (1984–89)

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Rainbow Group (84–89)
European Parliament group
Name Rainbow Group (84–89)
English abbr. RBW[1]
French abbr. ARC[2]
Formal name Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament[3][4]
Ideology Green politics, Regionalism
Associated organisations Green Alternative European Link
European Free Alliance
From 24 July 1984[3]
To 1989[2][5]
Preceded by Technical Group of Independents
Succeeded by Rainbow Group
Chaired by Else Hammerich,[4]
Jaak Vandemeulebroucke,[3]
Bram van der Lek,
Paul Staes
MEP(s) 20 (24 July 1984)

The Rainbow Group, officially the Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament was a green and regionalist political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1984 and 1989.

History[edit]

The Rainbow Group,[5] was formed in 1984[2] as a coalition of Greens, Regionalists and other parties of the left unaffiliated with any of the international organizations.

The German Greens and the Dutch Green Progressive Alliance were weakened by a principle of rotation used by the Germany and Dutch parties, requiring its MEPs to sit for only half their five-year term.

In 1989[2][5] the Rainbow Group split. The green parties formed the Green Group, whilst the regionalist parties stayed a continuing Rainbow group, with the shorter official name of the Rainbow Group in the European Parliament.

Member Parties[edit]

Country Party MEPs Notes
Germany The Greens 7 MEPs served for only 2.5 years
Netherlands Political Party of Radicals 1 Member of an electoral alliance and common delegation with PSP and CPN. MEP served between 1984 and 1987
Netherlands Pacifist Socialist Party 1 Member of an electoral alliance and common delegation with PPR and CPN.
Netherlands Communist Party of the Netherlands 1 Member of an electoral alliance and common delegation with PSP and PPR. MEP served between 1987 and 1989.
Belgium Agalev 1 Common delegation with Ecolo
Belgium Ecolo 1 Common delegation with Agalev
Belgium People's Union 2 Member of the European Free Alliance
Denmark People's Movement against the European Community 4
Italy Proletarian Unity Party 1 Member of electoral alliance with Proletarian Democracy
Italy Proletarian Democracy 1 Member of electoral alliance with Proletarian Unity Party
Italy Valdotanian Union 1 Member of the European Free Alliance

Nomenclature[edit]

The formal name of the 84-89 Rainbow was "Rainbow Group: Federation of the Green Alternative European Links, Agalev-Ecolo, the Danish People's Movement against Membership of the European Community, and the European Free Alliance, in the European Parliament".[3][4] This is the longest name of any European Parliament Group to date.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]