Raipur, Punjab

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Raipur
ਰਾਇਪੁਰ
village
New building of the Gurudwara
New building of the Gurudwara Sahib
Punjab
Raipur
Raipur
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 29°54′20″N 75°15′17″E / 29.9055°N 75.2547°E / 29.9055; 75.2547Coordinates: 29°54′20″N 75°15′17″E / 29.9055°N 75.2547°E / 29.9055; 75.2547
Country  India
State Punjab
District Mansa
Talukas Sardulgarh
Elevation 212 m (696 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 5,530
Languages
 • Official Punjabi (Gurmukhi)
 • Regional Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 151505[1]
Telephone code 01659-268***
Nearest city Mansa
Sex ratio 1000/880 /
Avg. summer temperature 43 °C (109 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 06 °C (43 °F)

Raipur, located in the Sardulgarh tehsil of Mansa district[2][3][4] in Punjab, India, is an old and noted village of the area as the famous Babbar martyr Bhai Gurmel Singh of the village got martyrdom during an operation in Maujia on September 8, 1991

Geography[edit]

Raipur, having an average elevation of 212 metres (696 ft),[5] is approximately centered at 29°54′20″N 75°15′17″E / 29.90556°N 75.25472°E / 29.90556; 75.25472.[6] It's located in the development block of Jhunir in Mansa district of Indian Punjab. The city of Mansa lies to its northeast (21 km), the city and district of Bathinda to its northwest, Sardulgarh to its south (32 km) and the state capital city of Chandigarh to its far northeast (203 km). The historical city of Talwandi Sabo is just 21 km away in the northwest. It is linked directly to the 11 surrounding villages, Baje Wala, Bire Wala Jattan, Jherian Wali (Bishanpura), Tandian, Nangla, Peron, Behniwal, Bana Wala, Talwandi Aklia (Chhoti Talwandi), Makha and Chhapian Wali.[2]

Demographics[edit]

In 2001, as of census, the village had the total population of 5,530 with 940 households, 2,940 males and 2,590 females.[7] Thus males constitute 53% and females 47% of the total population with a sex ratio of 880 females per thousand males.

Culture[edit]

Punjabi is the mother tongue as well as the official language of the village, predominated by the Jatt people of Sidhu clan.

Old well in Raipur
Old drinking water well

The well was used in the past but now it's unused for a long time and near to be ruined.

Men sitting under Pipal tree
Local men sitting under a Pippal tree
Men playing cards
Locals playing cards

Men use to pass their free time by sitting together in the satth (English: a common place) or playing cards.

Religion[edit]

As of religion, the village is predominated by the Sikhs, the followers of Sikhism with Hindu and Muslim minorities.

Gurudwara Sahib, Raipur
New building of the local gurudwara

The Gurudwara Sahib is the main religious site for all. There are three Deras, following the Sikh faith,[citation needed] in the memory of/founded by the respected Sants, known as Wadda Dera, Tahli Wala Dera and Dera Baba Preet. The village, further, has a Durga Mandir, located near the water works as the worship site for Hindus. There is a burial place for the Muslim families.

Climate[edit]

The western Himalayas in the north, Thar Desert in the southwest and Monsoon mainly determines the climate. The temperature reach up to 43 °C (109 °F) in summer and 5 °C (41 °F) in winter. Monsoon greatly effects the agriculture in the region as nearly 70% of the rain falls in July–September by the Monsoon.

Education[edit]

The village has good educational options, having a pioneer Institution of Secondary education Adarsh Public Senior Secondary School, Govt. Primary School, a Govt. Senior Secondary School,[8][9]

Economy[edit]

The village have a branch of the State Bank of India[8][10] located near the government primary school.

Agriculture[edit]

As common in the region, agriculture is the main occupation as well as the main source of income for all Jatts. There is a very good irrigation water supply from the canal and

A tube well in the fields of Raipur
A tube well in the local fields

when due to reasons the canal dries up, people used to run their tube wells as the second option. Wheat, Mustard and Cotton[11] are the main crops in the area.

Other[edit]

In the minorities, Hindus, have their shops, general and medical stores etc. and others do labour in the fields or are employed to the new, under construction, Talwandi Sabo Power Plant on the outskirts.

Others[edit]

The village, further, has a power grid, water works and R.O. plant[12] for filtered water service and an animal dispansary.

Problems[edit]

Education

There is a lack of teachers to teach over 800 students in the government schools.[8]

Drainage
Phirni of Raipur
The flooded phirni of Raipur in June 2012

The Phirni (English: Surrounding road) of the village facing bad drainage problem as it is at lower water level than the houses so the daily wastage and rainy water floods it. The students also face problems going to school as near the schools the problem is at its worst. Rest of phirni (road) is not in good condition too.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Raipur, Mansa - PIN code". OneFiveNine.com. Retrieved January 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "SAD launches poll campaign Number of booths increased". The Tribune. May 8, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ "ਕਿਸਾਨਾਂ ਦੇ ਘਰੋਂ ਸਿੱਧੀ ਕਣਕ ਭਰਦੇ ਆੜ੍ਹਤੀਏ ਕਾਬੂ, 1550 ਕਣਕ ਦਾ ਗੱਟ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਬਤ". PunjabNewsline. May 6, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  4. ^ "ਬੀਟੀ ਕਾਟਨ ਦਾ ਬੀਜ ਵੇਚਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਫਰਮਾਂ ਦੀਆਂ ਬਿਲ ਬੁੱਕਾਂ ਦੀ ਪੜਤਾਲ". Punjabi Tribune. May 27, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics Inc. "Maps, Weather and Airports for Raipur, Punjab". Falling Rain Inc. Retrieved January 7, 2012. 
  6. ^ Google Maps
  7. ^ "Raipur - 2001 census data (Sr. No. 61)". Government of India. 2001. Retrieved January 7, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c "ਸਰਕਾਰੀ ਸਕੂਲਾਂ 'ਚ ਅਧਿਆਪਕਾਂ ਦੀਆਂ ਸੈਂਕੜੇ ਅਸਾਮੀਆਂ ਖ਼ਾਲੀ". Daily Ajit. May 30, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  9. ^ "ਆਦਰਸ਼ ਸਕੂਲ ਰਾਏਪੁਰ ਦੀ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ ਪੱਧਰੀ ਖੇਡਾਂ ’ਚ ਚੜ੍ਹਤ Adarsh Public Senior Secondary School". Punjabi Tribune. September 2, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  10. ^ "State Bank of India, Raipur Branch, Mansa, Punjab". Bank IFSC Code.com. Retrieved January 7, 2012. 
  11. ^ "ਭਰਵੀਂ ਬਾਰਿਸ਼ ਕਾਰਨ ਨਰਮੇ ਤੇ ਝੋਨੇ ਦਾ ਭਾਰੀ ਨੁਕਸਾਨ". News in Punjabi. Daily Ajit. September 16, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2012. 
  12. ^ "200 Reverse Osmosis plants of little use". The Tribune. April 13. Retrieved January 10, 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)