Ralph Sherwin

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Saint Ralph Sherwin
Saint Ralph Sherwin Plaque Rodsley Derbyshire.jpg
A plaque in his birthplace erected by the Sherwin Society
Priest and Martyr
Born 1550
Rodsley, Derbyshire, England
Died 1 December 1581(1581-12-01) (aged 31)
Tyburn, London, England
Honored in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 29 December 1886, Rome by Pope Leo XIII
Canonized 25 October 1970, Rome by Pope Paul VI
Feast 1 December

Saint Ralph Sherwin (1550 – 1 December 1581) was an English Roman Catholic martyr and saint. He was born at Rodsley, Derbyshire, and was educated at Eton College. In 1568, he was nominated by Sir William Petre to one of the eight fellowships which he had founded at Exeter College, Oxford, probably influenced by Sherwin's uncle, John Woodward, who from 1556 to 1566 had been rector of Ingatestone, Essex, where Petre lived. A talented classical scholar, Sherwin graduated Master of Arts on 2 July 1574, and the following year converted to Roman Catholicism and fled abroad to the English College at Douai, where he was ordained a priest by the Bishop of Cambrai on 23 March 1577. On 2 August 1577, he left for Rome, where he stayed at the English College, Rome for nearly three years.

On 18 April 1580, Sherwin and thirteen companions left Rome for England. On 9 November 1580, he was arrested while preaching in the house of Nicholas Roscarrock in London and imprisoned in the Marshalsea, where he converted many fellow prisoners, and on 4 December was transferred to the Tower of London, where he was tortured on the rack and then laid out in the snow. He is said to have been personally offered a bishopric by Elizabeth I if he converted, but refused. After spending a year in prison he was finally brought to trial with St. Edmund Campion on a trumped up charge of treasonable conspiracy. He was convicted in Westminster Hall on 20 November 1581. Eleven days later he was taken to Tyburn on a hurdle along with St. Alexander Briant and St. Edmund Campion, where the three martyrs were hanged, drawn and quartered. Sherwin's last words were "Iesu, Iesu, Iesu, esto mihi Iesus!"[1]

Ralph Sherwin was the first member of the English College in Rome to be martyred. He was beatified on 29 December 1886 by Pope Leo XIII.[2][3] Blessed Ralph Sherwin was canonized on 25 October 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales with a common feast day of 25 October. His individual feast day is celebrated on 1 December, the day of his martyrdom.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ PD-icon.svg "Blessed Ralph Sherwin". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. . Accessed 2011-10-18.
  2. ^ Acta Sancta Sedis Vol. XIX (1886-1887), pp.347-350. In Latin (as Rodulphus Sherwin). Retrieved 2011-10-18.
  3. ^ Patron Saints Index: "Saint Ralph Sherwin" Accessed 2011-10-18.

External links[edit]

  • "Blessed Ralph Sherwin" in Lives of the English Martyrs Declared Blessed by Pope Leo XIII by Edward S. Keogh, Dom Bede Camm. Vol. 2 (1905). (Vol. 1 has list of 63 martyrs and beatification decrees in English).

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Bl. Ralph Sherwin". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.