Ramón José Velásquez
|Ramón José Velásquez|
|Ramón J. Velásquez during his 93rd birthday, 28 November 2009|
|President of Venezuela (acting)|
5 June 1993 – 2 February 1994
|Preceded by||Octavio Lepage|
|Succeeded by||Rafael Caldera|
|Minister of Communications of Venezuela|
|Secretary of the Presidency of Venezuela|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Mantilla|
28 November 1916 |
San Juan de Colón, Táchira, Venezuela
|Spouse(s)||Ligia Betancourt Mariño|
|Alma mater||Central University of Venezuela|
Ramón José Velásquez Mujica (born 28 November 1916) is a Venezuelan political figure. He served as President of Venezuela between 1993 and 1994. He is known as a historian, journalist, lawyer, politician.
Background and personal life
Velásquez was born in Táchira state, on 28 November 1916. His parents were Ramon Velasquez Ordoñez, journalist and proofreader for a newspaper and educator Regina Mujica. He studied the hand of his parents in his hometown. He completed his primary education in high school in San Cristóbal Simón Bolívar. In 1935 he traveled to Caracas to finish high school at the Liceo Andres Bello, while it disagrees with the Gómez regime. Higher education made at the Central University of Venezuela, receiving a Ph.D. in Social and Political Sciences in 1942 and as Advocate in 1943.
Ramón José Velásquez currently resides in Caracas.
As a historian, he had previously subscribed to the usual negative opinions of the Venezuelan dictator Juan Vicente Gómez, but re-examined them in Confidencias imaginarias de Juan Vicente Gómez (1979). (When became President, he presided over a ceremony renaming Juan Vicente Gómez International Airport in Gómez' honour.) He is the author of numerous books on Venezuela's political history.
During the dictatorship of Marcos Pérez Jiménez, Velásquez was jailed for a year for his role at the compilation of the Libro negro de la dictadura (Black book of dictatorship). The files of this book helped expose the crimes of the dictatorial period.
He served as the Secretary of the Presidency during the government of Rómulo Betancourt. After that, he was part of the National Congress. During Rafael Caldera's term at presidency, served as Minister of Communications from 1969 until 1971. From 1984 to 1987 he was President of the Comisión para la Reforma del Estado (COPRE), the Commission on the Reform of the State.
In 1993, as a result of the crisis produced by the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez, Congress designated him as President of the Republic, finishing the constitutional period in 1994. He served from 5 June 1993 to 2 February 1994. As a highly respected national figure there was general consensus around his name for such a task.
Velásquez's cabinet (1993-1994)
- Maria Moors Cabot prize (1967)
- Member of the National Academy of History of Venezuela (1968)
- National Prize for Literature (1973, prose category, for La caída del liberalismo amarillo
- Premio Nacional de Historia of Consejo Nacional de la Cultura (CONAC), 1980
- Premio Nacional de Humanidades of CONAC, 1998
- Member of the Academia Venezolana de la Lengua, 2002
- Honorary doctorates from the University of the Andes (Venezuela), University of Carabobo, Rafael Urdaneta University (URU) and the National Experimental University of Táchira (UNET).
- La caída del Liberalismo Amarillo: tiempo y drama de Antonio Paredes (1972)
- Confidencias imaginarias de Juan Vicente Gómez (1979)
- (Spanish) 
- Ellner, Steve (1995), "Venezuelan Revisionist Political History, 1908-1958: New Motives and Criteria for Analyzing the Past", Latin American Research Review, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 91-121. p100
- (Spanish) CIDOB, Ramón José Velásquez Mújica
- Gaceta Oficial de Venezuela, period 1993-1994.
- Columbia, Cabot Prize winners by name
- (Spanish) Academia Venezolana de la Lengua, D. Ramón J. Velásquez
- Biography (in Spanish) by CIDOB Foundation
- "La Paz Ramónica" (Velasquez´s government) by Edgar C. Otálvora(Spanish)
- "RJV La Red de Liberales y Socialdemócratas". (Velasquez´s biography by Edgar C. Otálvora)(Spanish)
|President of Venezuela