José Gregorio Monagas
|José Gregorio Monagas|
|President of Venezuela|
5 February 1851 – 20 January 1855
|Preceded by||José Tadeo Monagas|
|Succeeded by||José Tadeo Monagas|
4 May 1795|
Aragua de Barcelona, Venezuela
|Died||15 July 1858
General José Gregorio Monagas was born in Aragua de Barcelona, Venezuela, in 1795. His parents were Francisco José Monagas, a merchant from the Canary Islands, and Perfecta Burgos, a native of Cojedes. Monagas started his military career at an early age, in 1813, along with his brother José Tadeo.
During Venezuela's emancipation war, Monagas participated in several important campaigns against Spanish royalists Juan Domingo de Monteverde and José Tomás Boves. Because of his brave participation in the Battle of Carabobo, Venezuelan independence hero Simón Bolívar dubbed him the First Spear of the East.
In 1851, José Gregorio Monagas succeeded his brother José Tadeo Monagas as President of Venezuela. During his presidency, Monagas proclaimed Venezuela to be a nation free of slavery, in an edict signed on March 24, 1854. This decision was one of the main causes of the Federal War.
The combined rule of Jose Tadeo and Jose Gregorio Monagas (1847-1858) is commonly referred to as the Monagas Dynasty, or Monagato.
In 1858, Monagas was captured in Barcelona by general Justo Briceño. He was then sent to the Castle of San Carlos del Zulia. In July, Zulia's governor José Serrano ordered him to be transferred to Maracaibo, where he died upon arrival on 15 July 1858.
- http://www.gluv.org/proceres%20masones/Jose%20Tadeo%20Monagas.htm. JOSE TADEO MONAGAS (In Spanish). Accessed October 6, 2010 at 12:50 pm.[dead link]
- (Spanish) Official biography