José Gregorio Monagas

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José Gregorio Monagas
José Gregorio Monagas 2.jpg
President of Venezuela
In office
5 February 1851 – 20 January 1855
Preceded by José Tadeo Monagas
Succeeded by José Tadeo Monagas
Personal details
Born (1795-05-04)4 May 1795
Aragua de Barcelona, Venezuela
Died 15 July 1858(1858-07-15) (aged 63)
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Spouse(s) Clara Marrero
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

José Gregorio Monagas (4 May 1795 - 15 July 1858) was President of Venezuela 1851-1855 and brother of José Tadeo Monagas.

General José Gregorio Monagas was born in Aragua de Barcelona, Venezuela, in 1795. His parents were Francisco José Monagas, a merchant from the Canary Islands, and Perfecta Burgos, a native of Cojedes.[1] Monagas started his military career at an early age, in 1813, along with his brother José Tadeo.

Military career[edit]

During Venezuela's emancipation war, Monagas participated in several important campaigns against Spanish royalists Juan Domingo de Monteverde and José Tomás Boves. Because of his brave participation in the Battle of Carabobo, Venezuelan independence hero Simón Bolívar dubbed him the First Spear of the East.

In 1851, José Gregorio Monagas succeeded his brother José Tadeo Monagas as President of Venezuela. During his presidency, Monagas proclaimed Venezuela to be a nation free of slavery, in an edict signed on March 24, 1854. This decision was one of the main causes of the Federal War.

The combined rule of Jose Tadeo and Jose Gregorio Monagas (1847-1858) is commonly referred to as the Monagas Dynasty, or Monagato.

In 1858, Monagas was captured in Barcelona by general Justo Briceño. He was then sent to the Castle of San Carlos del Zulia. In July, Zulia's governor José Serrano ordered him to be transferred to Maracaibo, where he died upon arrival on 15 July 1858.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gluv.org/proceres%20masones/Jose%20Tadeo%20Monagas.htm. JOSE TADEO MONAGAS (In Spanish). Accessed October 6, 2010 at 12:50 pm.[dead link]