Rapides-des-Joachims, Quebec

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Rapides-des-Joachims
Municipality
Rapides Joachims QC 2.jpg
Nickname(s): Swisha, The Swisha
Location within Pontiac RCM.
Location within Pontiac RCM.
Rapides-des-Joachims is located in Western Quebec
Rapides-des-Joachims
Rapides-des-Joachims
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°12′N 77°41′W / 46.200°N 77.683°W / 46.200; -77.683Coordinates: 46°12′N 77°41′W / 46.200°N 77.683°W / 46.200; -77.683[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM Pontiac
Settled 17th century
Constituted January 1, 1955
Government[2]
 • Mayor James Gibson
 • Federal riding Pontiac
 • Prov. riding Pontiac
Area[2][3]
 • Total 257.10 km2 (99.27 sq mi)
 • Land 242.86 km2 (93.77 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 131
 • Density 0.5/km2 (1/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 23.8%
 • Dwellings 83
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0X 3M0
Area code(s) 613
Highways No major routes
Website www.rapides
desjoachims.ca

Rapides-des-Joachims is a municipality and village in western Quebec, Canada, part of Pontiac County in the Outaouais region. The village is situated on Rapides-des-Joachims Island (l'île de Rapides-des-Joachims) on the Ottawa River, about 100 km northwest of Fort-Coulonge. It is also known as Swisha.

The municipality covers a vast sparsely populated area characterized by boreal forest, lakes, and streams. Prior to the construction of a hydro-electric dam in 1950, the village's site was not an island. The rising water flooded the old river bed from the north through Lake McConnell.[4] The dam can be bypassed on one of the Ottawa Navigable Waterway bypasses, connecting the Pembroke stretch of the Ottawa River to the upstream section to Mattawa.[5]

Rapides-des-Joachims is isolated from the rest of Quebec's road network because the only paved road link to the village is through Rolphton, Ontario. It is the only community on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River between Sheenboro and Témiscaming.[6] Because it is also isolated from Quebec's telecommunications network, the community is part of Rolphton's telephone exchange area, and is consequently served by Ontario's area code 613 rather than Quebec's area code 819.

History[edit]

Rapides-des-Joachims before construction of the dam. The Ontario/Quebec border is represented as a dashed line on the Ottawa River.

The site had long been inhabited by the indigenous people before Europeans arrived. The explorers and voyageurs of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries would travel on the Ottawa River to the west and at the foot of the rapids, they would have established a resting place and may have given it the name of an explorer.[7]

It was a busy place during the seventeenth century, when a mission post was set up along the river where a Hudson's Bay Company trading post had been established at the foot of the "Long Rapids", as they were called at the time.[7]

But the place was called Rapides des Joachims de l'Estang in a memorandum of 1686 by Jacques-René de Brisay, Governor of New France, to Marquis de Seignelay, and named Portage de Joachim de l'Estan on a map of Franquelin of 1688. Another document from 1699 shows Joachim de l'Estang.[7]

However, both in Quebec and in Ontario, the name Swisha, Sweshaw, or Shesha Rapids has also long been used for this location as a map of 1790 indicates. Swisha is an obvious distortion of the French pronunciation of "Joachim".[7]

In 1863, Stanislas Drapeau described Rapides des Joachims and Rapides des Deux Joachims as "the most important place for navigation on the Ottawa River and flourished thanks to the logging industry."[7]

By 1871 it had become a small village complete with a telegraph office of the Montreal Telegraph Company. The river steamers had to stop here because it was the head of navigation on the Ottawa River. In 1886 the Oblate Fathers built a frame church in the village, which was used until 1922, when a new church was built.[5]

In 1948, the construction of a dam and hydro-electric station began and the rapids which gave the town its name disappeared.

The municipality was incorporated in 1955 when it was formed out of the Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-Malakoff United Townships. It adopted its present name of Rapides-des-Joachims, which had already been assigned to the post office created about 100 years earlier in 1853.[7] Its first mayor was J.H. Mador. Subsequently in 1960, the territory of the former Aberdeen Township was added to the municipality.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Rapides-des-Joachims, Quebec[10]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 183 —    
1996 185 +1.1%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 197 +6.5%
2006 172 −12.7%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 131 −23.8%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Rapides-des-Joachims, Quebec[10]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
0
55 Decrease 21.4% 0.00% 80 Decrease 20.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 5 Increase n/a% 0.00%
2006
170
70 Increase 14.3% 41.18% 100 Decrease 25.9% 58.82% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
2001
195
60 Steady 0.0% 30.77% 135 Increase 3.7% 69.23% 0 Decrease 100.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
1996
200
60 n/a 30.00% 130 n/a 65.00% 10 n/a 5.00% 0 n/a 0.00%

Economy[edit]

Rue Principale (Main street)

Since Rapides-des-Joachims provides access to vast tracts of wilderness, including ZEC Dumoine, it depends largely on the hunting and fishing business. It is the long-time base of a charter float plane company (Air Swisha, formerly Bradley Air Service/First Air), operating a de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver.

The economy depends also on logging and the Commonwealth Plywood Mill.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 52352 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Rapides-des-Joachims
  3. ^ a b c "Rapides-des-Joachims census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  4. ^ Kennedy, Clyde C. The Upper Ottawa Valley, Renfrew County Council, Pembroke, 1970.
  5. ^ a b c "Pontiac MRC Gateway - Rapides-des-Joachims". Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  6. ^ Transports Quebec, carte routière officielle du Québec
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Commission de topomymie du Québec" (in French). Retrieved 2007-11-15. 
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  10. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]