இரத்மலானை விமான நிலைய
|Ratmalana airport ramp area|
|IATA: RML – ICAO: VCCC
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||Sri Lankan Government|
|Operator||Airport and Aviation Services|
|Location||Ratmalana, Sri Lanka|
|Elevation AMSL||16 ft / 5 m|
Ratmalana Airport (currently known as Colombo Airport) (IATA: RML, ICAO: VCCC), is one of the two international airports serving the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka, the other being Bandaranaike International Airport. It's also a major domestic airport and military base in Colombo. It was once Colombo's sole international airport before the construction of Bandaranaike International Airport in the 1960s. After the ongoing renovations the Airport will resume operating international flights Ratmalana airport was the second airport in Sri Lanka after Trincomalee Airport.
- 1 History
- 2 Expansion and upgrade
- 3 Terminals
- 4 Airlines
- 5 Accidents and incidents
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
In 1934 the State Council of Ceylon made a decision to construct an aerodrome within reach of the capital city of Colombo and decided on Ratmalana as the best site. On 27 November 1935 a De Havilland Puss Moth flown by Tyndalle Bisco, Chief flying instructor of the Madras Flying Club, was the first aircraft to land at the new airport.
Second World War
During the Second World War it was used as a Royal Air Force base, with No 30 Squadron flying Hawker Hurricanes from there against Japanese Navy aircraft. QEA flew civilianised Consolidated B-24 Liberator and Avro Lancastrian aeroplanes there from Perth, Western Australia, on what was at the time the world's longest non-stop air route. The flight continued after the war with an intermediate re-fueling stop at the Cocos Islands.
Peak of civilian service
Ratmalana airport at one time had the country's main air terminal, with the Douglas DC-3 Dakota and Lockheed Constellation aeroplanes of Air Ceylon flying out of it. In 1947, KLM flew Douglas DC-4 Skymasters through the airport on the route from the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia)
On 11 August 1952, 3 months after the inaugural service of a passenger jet aircraft, BOAC began its Comet service between Colombo and London. Later (March 1962 - March 1971) Air Ceylon operated a Comet service on this route to London. The airport was also a Trans World Airlines (TWA) destination for a short time in the 1950s.
In 1964, the government decided to build the new Bandaranaike International Airport north of the city, to replace Ratmalana. The new airport was completed in 1967 and Ratmalana handed over all international services to the new airport. Ratmalana was left with the relatively small market for domestic air travel in the country.
Return to international service
In 2012, plans were drawn to relaunch Ratmalana as an international airport, to act as a secondary airport for the city.
Ratmalana airport was declared open for small international commercial flights. The airport is available for commercial jet operations from August 2012.
Expansion and upgrade
The airport is much closer to the Colombo city center compared to the larger Bandaranaike International Airport which is 32 km north of the city. The airport aims to attract private international flights and Low-cost airlines. Helitours, an airline operated by the Sri Lankan Airforce is based at the airport. There are a few industrial facilities such as the Bata shoe factory within a close proximity of the airport. The Government is developing the Ratmalana airport into an international city airport, which would provide services to private jets and small aircraft. In addition facilities at the Ampara, Batticaloa, Jaffna, and Koggala airports will be also upgraded. Repair to the runway and reconfiguration to the aerodrome for the use of corporate jet traffic would be done as a short-term development project of the Ratmalana airport. Improvements to the existing terminal building, repair to the runway, taxiway and apron, reconfiguration to the aerodrome for the use of corporate jet traffic would be done as a short-term development project of the Ratmalana airport.
Under the medium-term of the Ratmalana airport development project:
- Improvements to the existing terminal building
- Control tower
- Runway development and extension to 2000m
- Road network improvements
- Navigational equipment installations
- Constructing a terminal for civil movements and apron also implemented
Current Facilities at the Airport
- Ground Handling
- Immigration Service
- Baggage and Passenger screening as per ICAO Standards
- VIP Lounge
There are currently 2 terminals at the airport.
- Terminal 1: Domestic
- Terminal 2: Cargo
Charter: Ampara, Anuradhapura, Batticaloa, Hambantota-Mattala, Hambantota-Weerawila, Hingurakgoda, Kalutara, Koggala, Sigiriya, Vavuniya
|Helitours||Ampara, Anuradhapura, Batticaloa, Hambantota-Mattala, Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Trincomalee, Vavuniya||1|
|Millennium Airlines||Charter: Anuradhapura, Jaffna, Kalutara, Koggala, Minneriya, Sigiriya, Trincomalee||1|
|Lankan Cargo||Jaffna, Trincomalee||2|
Accidents and incidents
- On 15 November 1961, Vickers Viscount VT-DIH of Indian Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair when the co-pilot retracted the undercarriage during landing.
- On 7 September 1978, an Air Ceylon Hawker Siddeley HS 748 (registered 4R-ACJ) was destroyed in a fire while parked at Ratmalana Airport. Two pilots had been carrying out pre-departure checkups, when the fire started by the explosion of a bomb in the aircraft cargo hold.
- 29 September 1998 - Lionair Flight 602, operated by an Antonov An-24RV, fell into the sea off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka under mysterious circumstances after departing Jaffna Airport bound for Ratmalana Airport. All 55 passengers and crew members died, including the four member Ukrainian cockpit crew.
- Bandaranaike International Airport, Colombo's other international airport
- Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport
- List of airports in Sri Lanka
- "Private jets to fly to R’lana A’port". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Colombo Service To Open With Flight 904 Feb. 5". Skyliner. TWA. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2011-02-13. Retrieved 2 October 2009.
- Air Ceylon 1978 bomb incident at the Aviation Safety Network