Raymond O. Faulkner
|Raymond O. Faulkner|
|Born||26 December 1894
Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex, UK
|Died||March 3, 1982
Ipswich, Suffolk, UK
|Institutions||Egypt Exploration Society, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries|
|Alma mater||University College London, University of London|
|Known for||His dictionary of Middle Egyptian and translations of ancient Egyptian texts|
|Influences||Margaret Murray, Sir Alan Gardiner|
He was born in Shoreham, Sussex, and was the son of bank clerk Frederick Arthur Faulkner and his wife Matilda Elizabeth Faulkner (née Wheeler). In 1912 he took up a position in the British Civil Service, but his employment was interrupted by World War I, when he entered the armed forces. After a brief period of service, he was invalided out and rejoined the Civil Service in 1916.
Faulkner developed an interest in Egyptology, and in 1918 he took to studying Egyptian hieroglyphs in his spare time at University College London under the tutelage of Margaret Murray. In 1926 he became the full-time assistant to Dr Alan Gardiner, from whom he received philological training and encouragement to publish his works on hieroglyphic texts.
In 1951 Faulkner became an assistant in language teaching at University College London, progressing to become a lecturer in Egyptian language – a post he held from 1954 to 1967. He received his Doctor of Letters degree from the University of London in 1960.
Faulkner's main area of interest was Egyptian philology, and he made major contributions to Egyptology with his translations and indexes of many important ancient Egyptian texts, as well as his autographic dictionary of Middle Egyptian (which remains an important and standard reference for modern Egyptologists and students of the ancient Egyptian language).
- Morris L. Bierbrier, ed., "Who was Who in Egyptology", ISBN 0-85698-125-7, (1995), London, p. 149.
- Harry S. Smith and C. Spaull, article in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60 (1974), pp. 5–14. Includes portrait & bibliography.
- Harry S. Smith and C. Spaull, article in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 69 (1983), pp. 141–144. Obituary, including portrait & further bibliography.
- Rosalind Janssen, "The First Hundred Years: Egyptology at University College London, 1892–1992", ISBN 0-902137-33-6, (1992), p. 72.
- EES Oral History Project, Harry Smith on R O Faulkner
- Raymond O. Faulkner, "The Plural and the Dual in Old Egyptian", 1929.
- Raymond O. Faulkner, "The Papyrus Bremner-Rhind", 1933.
- Raymond O. Faulkner, Egypt from the Inception of the Nineteenth Dynasty to the Death of Ramesses III, fascicule 52 for the "Cambridge Ancient History", ISBN 0-521-04477-4, 1966.
- Raymond O. Faulkner, "The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts", ISBN 0-85668-297-7, 1969. Oxford University hardcover reprint ISBN 0-19-815437-2.
- Raymond O. Faulkner, "The Book of the Dead: Book of Going Forth by Day", ISBN 0-8118-0767-3, 1972.
- Raymond O. Faulkner and S. Glanville, "Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum. Vol.II: Wooden Model Boats", ISBN 0-7141-0914-2, 1972.
- Raymond O. Faulkner, "A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian", ISBN 0-900416-32-7, 1962, 2nd ed. 1972.
- Raymond O. Faulkner, "The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts", ISBN 0-85668-754-5, 3 vols., 1972–78.
- William K. Simpson, E. Wente, and Raymond O. Faulkner, "The Literature of Ancient Egypt", ISBN 0-300-01687-5, 1969.