# Rectified 24-cell

 Rectified 24-cell Schlegel diagram 8 of 24 cuboctahedral cells shown Type Uniform 4-polytope Schläfli symbol r{3,4,3} rr{3,3,4} r{31,1,1} Coxeter diagrams or Cells 48 24 3.4.3.4 24 4.4.4 Faces 240 96 {3} 144 {4} Edges 288 Vertices 96 Vertex figure Triangular prism Symmetry groups F4 [3,4,3], order 1152 B4 [3,3,4], order 384 D4 [31,1,1], order 192 Properties convex, edge-transitive Uniform index 22 23 24

In geometry, the rectified 24-cell or rectified icositetrachoron is a uniform 4-dimensional polytope (or uniform 4-polytope), which is bounded by 48 cells: 24 cubes, and 24 cuboctahedra. It can be obtained by reducing the 24-cell's cells to cubes or cuboctahedra.

It can also be considered a cantellated 16-cell with the lower symmetries B4 = [3,3,4]. B4 would lead to a bicoloring of the cuboctahedral cells into 8 and 16 each. It is also called a runcicantellated demitesseract in a D4 symmetry, giving 3 colors of cells, 8 for each.

## Cartesian coordinates

A rectified 24-cell having an edge length of √2 has vertices given by all permutations and sign permutations of the following Cartesian coordinates:

(0,1,1,2) [4!/2!×23 = 96 vertices]

The dual configuration with edge length 2 has all coordinate and sign permutations of:

(0,2,2,2) [4×23 = 32 vertices]
(1,1,1,3) [4×24 = 64 vertices]

## Images

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane F4
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [12]
Coxeter plane B3 / A2 (a) B3 / A2 (b)
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [6] [6]
Coxeter plane B4 B2 / A2
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [8] [4]
Stereographic projection

Center of stereographic projection
with 96 triangular faces blue

## Symmetry constructions

There are three different symmetry constructions of this polytope. The lowest ${D}_3$ construction can be doubled into ${C}_3$ by adding a mirror that maps the bifurcating nodes onto each other. ${D}_3$ can be mapped up to ${F}_3$ symmetry by adding two mirror that map all three end nodes together.

The vertex figure is a triangular prism, containing two cubes and three cuboctahedra. The three symmetries can be seen with 3 colored cuboctahedra in the lowest ${D}_3$ construction, and two colors (1:2 ratio) in ${C}_3$, and all identical cuboctahedra in ${F}_3$.

Coxeter group ${F}_3$ = [3,4,3] ${C}_3$ = [4,3,3] ${D}_3$ = [3,31,1]
Order 1152 384 192
Full
symmetry
group
[3,4,3] [4,3,3] <[3,31,1]> = [4,3,3]
[3[31,1,1]] = [3,4,3]
Coxeter diagram
Facets 3:
2:
2,2:
2:
1,1,1:
2:
Vertex figure

## Related uniform polytopes

D4 uniform polychora

{3,31,1}
h{4,3,3}
2r{3,31,1}
h3{4,3,3}
t{3,31,1}
h2{4,3,3}
2t{3,31,1}
h2,3{4,3,3}
r{3,31,1}
{31,1,1}={3,4,3}
rr{3,31,1}
r{31,1,1}=r{3,4,3}
tr{3,31,1}
t{31,1,1}=t{3,4,3}
sr{3,31,1}
s{31,1,1}=s{3,4,3}
Name 24-cell truncated 24-cell snub 24-cell rectified 24-cell cantellated 24-cell bitruncated 24-cell cantitruncated 24-cell runcinated 24-cell runcitruncated 24-cell omnitruncated 24-cell
Schläfli
symbol
{3,4,3} t0,1{3,4,3}
t{3,4,3}
s{3,4,3} t1{3,4,3}
r{3,4,3}
t0,2{3,4,3}
rr{3,4,3}
t1,2{3,4,3}
2t{3,4,3}
t0,1,2{3,4,3}
tr{3,4,3}
t0,3{3,4,3} t0,1,3{3,4,3} t0,1,2,3{3,4,3}
Coxeter
diagram
Schlegel
diagram
F4
B4
B3(a)
B3(b)
B2

The rectified 24-cell can also be derived as a cantellated 16-cell:

Name tesseract rectified
tesseract
truncated
tesseract
cantellated
tesseract
runcinated
tesseract
bitruncated
tesseract
cantitruncated
tesseract
runcitruncated
tesseract
omnitruncated
tesseract
Coxeter
diagram

=

=
Schläfli
symbol
{4,3,3} t1{4,3,3}
r{4,3,3}
t0,1{4,3,3}
t{4,3,3}
t0,2{4,3,3}
rr{4,3,3}
t0,3{4,3,3} t1,2{4,3,3}
2t{4,3,3}
t0,1,2{4,3,3}
tr{4,3,3}
t0,1,3{4,3,3} t0,1,2,3{4,3,3}
Schlegel
diagram
B4

Name 16-cell rectified
16-cell
truncated
16-cell
cantellated
16-cell
runcinated
16-cell
bitruncated
16-cell
cantitruncated
16-cell
runcitruncated
16-cell
omnitruncated
16-cell
Coxeter
diagram

=

=

=

=

=

=
Schläfli
symbol
{3,3,4} t1{3,3,4}
r{3,3,4}
t0,1{3,3,4}
t{3,3,4}
t0,2{3,3,4}
rr{3,3,4}
t0,3{3,3,4} t1,2{3,3,4}
2t{3,3,4}
t0,1,2{3,3,4}
tr{3,3,4}
t0,1,3{3,3,4} t0,1,2,3{3,3,4}
Schlegel
diagram
B4

## References

• T. Gosset: On the Regular and Semi-Regular Figures in Space of n Dimensions, Messenger of Mathematics, Macmillan, 1900
• H.S.M. Coxeter:
• Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, p. 296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
• H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973, p. 296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
• Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
• (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
• (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
• (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
• John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 409: Hemicubes: 1n1)
• Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
• N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
• 2. Convex uniform polychora based on the tesseract (8-cell) and hexadecachoron (16-cell) - Model 23, George Olshevsky.
• Richard Klitzing, 4D uniform polytopes (polychora), o3x4o3o - rico