Red River Delta

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Location of the Red River Delta region in Vietnam

The Red River Delta (Vietnamese: Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng) is the flat plain formed by the Red River and its distributaries joining in the Thái Binh River in northern Vietnam. The delta measuring some 15,000 square km is well protected by a network of dikes. It is an agriculturally rich area and densely populated. Most of the land is devoted to rice cultivation.[1]

Eight provinces together with two municipalities, the capital Hà Nội and the port Hải Phòng form the delta. It has a population of almost 19 million.

The Red River Delta is the cradle of the Vietnamese nation. Water puppetry originated in the rice paddies here.

The region was bombed during the Vietnam War.

Provinces[edit]

Statistics of the Red River Delta
Provinces Capital Population (2011)[2] Area (km²) Population density (/km²)[2]
Bắc Ninh Bắc Ninh 1,060,300 823.1 km² 1289
Hà Nam Phủ Lý 786,900 859.7 km² 914
Hải Dương Hải Dương 1,718,900 1,652.8 km² 1038
Hưng Yên Hưng Yên 1,150,400 923.5 km² 1242
Nam Định Nam Định 1,833,500 1,650.8 km² 1110
Ninh Bình Ninh Bình 906,900 1,392.4 km² 652
Thái Bình Thái Bình 1,786,000 1,546.5 km² 1138
Vĩnh Phúc Vĩnh Yên 1,014,600 1,373.2 km² 821
Ha Noi (municipality) 6,699,600 3328.9 km² 2013
Hai Phong (municipality) 1,878,500 1,520.7 km² 1233
total 18,835,600 14,965.7 km² 1258

Quảng Ninh Province is sometimes included as a province of the Red River Delta. Alternatively, it is seen as part of the Northeast region. Hà Tây Province was merged into Hanoi in 2008.[3]

Geography

Stretching on the length of over 150 km, the Red River Delta(RRD) in located in the western coastal zone of the Gulf of Tonkin . The Red River is second largest river in Vietnam and one of the five largest rivers on the of East Asia coast. Its catchment covers parts of China and Vietnam and its water and sediment discharges greatly influence the Gulf of Tonkin of these countries. By the rich natural resources and favorable natural conditions, RRE has become an area of active economic development and high population density. Out of 78 million Vietnam people, are over 24 million live in the Red River basin, including over 17 million people in its delta (data 2003). There are many great industrial zones in the Red River Basin such as Viet Tri, Thai Nguyen, Ha Noi, Hai Phong and Nam Dinh. Its delta is the second important rice - producing area and accounts for 20% of the rice production of Vietnam. In the space of RRD, there are important economical activities such as catching, aquaculture, land reclamation for agriculture, harbor, construction, mangrove forestry .etc. The estuarine environment and ecosystem have been degrading, and the natural resources; especially living resources have been decreasing sharply due to threats of pollution, over catching, over aquaculture and destroyed habitats. The eco-social development in RRE also has to face the coastal disasters such as flood, erosion, sedimentation, salt intrusion etc.

See: Tran Duc Thanh, 2003. Researches in estuarine environment and ecosystem of red river: An overview on activities and results. Marine Resources and Environment. T.X: 34-53. Publishing House Sscience and Technology.Hanoi.[4]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Whitfield, D. Historical and Cultural Dictionary of Vietnam. Metuchen, New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press, 1976
  2. ^ a b General Statistics Office (2012): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2011. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  3. ^ VnExpress - Địa giới Hà Nội chính thức mở rộng từ 1/8 - Dia gioi Ha Noi chinh thuc mo rong tu 1/8
  4. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258993253_Researches_in_estuarine_environment_and_ecosystem_of_Red_River_An_overview_on_activities_and_results

Coordinates: 21°02′N 105°51′E / 21.033°N 105.850°E / 21.033; 105.850

Tran Duc Thanh, 2003. Researches in estuarine environment and ecosystem of red river: An overview on activities and results. Marine Resources and Environment. T.X: 34-53. Publishing House Sscience and Technology. Hanoi.