Redwood Creek (San Mateo County)
Aerial view of the mouth of Redwood Creek on San Francisco Bay at the port of Redwood City, California
|Name origin: Spanish language|
|Region||San Mateo County|
|- left||Arroyo Ojo de Agua|
|Cities||Redwood City, Woodside|
|- elevation||435 ft (133 m)|
|- elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
Redwood Creek is a 9.5-mile-long (15.3 km) perennial stream located in San Mateo County, California, USA which discharges into South San Francisco Bay. The Port of Redwood City, the largest deepwater port in South San Francisco Bay, is situated on the east bank of Redwood Creek near its mouth, where the creek becomes a natural deepwater channel.
The creek and city name, the latter first known as Red Woods City (1854), was named because of the nearby Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forest and lumbering industry. In 1851, a deep-water channel that ran inland to what is now Redwood City was discovered off of San Francisco Bay. Named Redwood Creek, this channel was used by the lumber companies to ship wood and logs from the redwood forests in the peninsula hills to San Francisco. A shipbuilding industry emerged, the first schooner was built in 1851 by G.M. Burnham and appropriately named "Redwood." Shipbuilding remained an active industry until the last wooden ship built in Redwood City, called the "Perseverance," was launched in 1883.
Redwood Creek begins in the Woodside Glens neighborhood of Woodside, California just south of Interstate 280, below the terminus of Farm Hill Boulevard. It descends below Interstate 280 on the west side of Woodside Road, passing through the Menlo Country Club. At Alameda de las Pulgas it becomes an engineered concrete channel to El Camino Real, where it is briefly daylighted before entering underground culverts in downtown Redwood City. The primary tributary to Redwood Creek is a stream named Arroyo Ojo de Agua which meets it underground at approximately Broadway Street in Redwood City. As it crosses below US Highway 101 it becomes a tidal channel. Extensive mudflats and marsh areas are found along Redwood Creek near its mouth. Several side channel sloughs connect to Redwood Creek, the largest of which is Westpoint Slough.
At Stulsaft Park on the Arroyo de Ojo Agua tributary, a population of endangered Fountain Thistle (Cirsium fontinale var. fontinale) was discovered in 2007, and occupies seeps associated with serpentine soils. In Stulsaft Park it is found in an opening in a coffeeberry/bay laurel woodland. The plants may grow 6 feet tall and it is only found in a handful of locations in San Mateo County.
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed 2012-02-11
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Redwood Creek
- Bright, William (30 November 1998). 1500 California place names their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
- "Local History Room". City of Redwood City. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
- "Arroyo Ojo de Agua". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Redwood Creek Watershed Map". Oakland Museum. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
- Leidy, R.A., G.S. Becker, B.N. Harvey (2005). "Historical distribution and current status of steelhead/rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in streams of the San Francisco Estuary, California.". Center for Ecosystem Management and Restoration, Oakland, CA. pp. 146–147. Retrieved 2012-02-11.