See Raetians for the Alpine people of antiquity. See Romansh language for the Rhaetian language.
Rhaetian is in geochronology the latest age of the Triassic period or in chronostratigraphy the uppermost stage of the Triassic system. It lasted from ~208.5 to 201.3 ± 0.2 million years ago. It was preceded by the [1 ] Norian and succeeded by the Hettangian (the lowermost stage or earliest age of the Jurassic). [2 ]
In this age,
Pangaea began to break up, though the Atlantic Ocean was not yet formed.
Stratigraphic definitions [ edit ]
The Rhaetian is named after the
Rhaetian Alps, a mountain chain stretching over parts of eastern Switzerland, northern Italy and western Austria. The stage was introduced in scientific literature by Austrian geologist Eduard Suess and German paleontologist Albert Oppel in 1856.
The base of the Rhaetian did not yet have a unanimously agreed upon definition in 2009. In the
Tethyan domain, the base of the ammonite biozone of is used, in the Sagenites reticulatus boreal domain (where this species is not found) the base of the biozone of is used instead. The base is also close to the first appearances of Cochloceras amoenum conodont species and Misikella spp. and Epigondolella mosheri radiolarite species . Proparvicingula moniliformis
The top of the Rhaetian (the base of the Hettangian stage, the Lower Jurassic
series and the Jurassic system) is at the first appearance of ammonite genus . Psiloceras
In the Tethyan domain, the Rhaetian contains two ammonite biozones. The highest ammonite biozone is that of
, the lower one that of Choristoceras marshi . Rhabdoceras suesii
Dinosauria [ edit ]
Mammaliaformes [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Brack et al. give 207 to 201 million years ago
^ See Gradstein et al. (2004)
Literature [ edit ]
Brack, P.; Rieber, H.; Nicora, A. & Mundil, R.; 2005: The Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Ladinian Stage (Middle Triassic) at Bagolino (Southern Alps, Northern Italy) and its implications for the Triassic time scale, Episodes 28(4), pp. 233–244.
Gradstein, F.M.; Ogg, J.G. & Smith, A.G.; 2004: A Geologic Time Scale 2004, Cambridge University Press.
External links [ edit ]