Rhodesiana is a term used to refer to any artifact, or collection of artifacts, which is related to the history, geography, folklore and cultural heritage of Rhodesia, the name used before 1980 to refer to modern Zimbabwe (and, before 1964, contemporary Zambia as well). Many objects, both physical and immaterial, can be defined as "Rhodesiana"; a painting of a Rhodesian landscape, for example, could be considered as such, as might a song by a Rhodesian artist, or a tale or personality from the country's history. The things involved need not be old, but need to possess relevant associations with Rhodesia; for Rhodesian people and their descendants, a piece of Rhodesiana will commonly arouse feelings of patriotism and nostalgia.
The Rhodesia Africana Society used the term as the title of its historical and cultural journal Rhodesiana, which was first published in 1956. It renamed itself The Rhodesiana Society in 1958, and published 40 issues of the Rhodesiana journal before ceasing its publication in 1979. After Rhodesia became Zimbabwe a year later, the society renamed itself the Historical Society of Zimbabwe, and began publishing Heritage (later Heritage of Zimbabwe), a similar journal to Rhodesiana, in 1981.
The term "Rhodesiana" may be used to describe the theme of a museum or collection, or to summarise the character of goods for sale. Indeed, a London-based dealer of African memorabilia, David Saffery, reported in 2002 that Rhodesiana was one of his best-selling lines, with the majority of customers being expatriates, "most of whom still describe themselves as Rhodesians". Particularly popular items included civil and military flags, banknotes of the Rhodesian pound and dollar, stamps, documents and medals. Since 1980, Zimbabwean embassies and high commissions around the world have at various times raised money by selling off obsolete Rhodesian passports, documents, tableware, furniture and various curios. The Zimbabwean government itself entered the Rhodesiana market in 2002, when it sold off 9,000 unclaimed Rhodesian General Service Medals.
- Culture of Zimbabwe
- Americana – a similar concept in the United States
- Australiana – a similar concept in Australia
- Canadiana – a similar concept in Canada
- Kiwiana – a similar concept in New Zealand
- Gann, Lewis H. (1965). A history of Southern Rhodesia; early days to 1934 (First ed.). London: Chatto & Windus. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-85664-771-0.; Wrigley, Richard; Craske, Matthew, eds. (July 2004). Pantheons: transformations of a monumental idea. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Company. pp. 202–204. ISBN 978-0-7546-0808-0.
- "Poems, Texts and other interesting Rhodesiana". Mesa, Arizona: Rhodesians Worldwide. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "Foreword". Rhodesiana (Salisbury: The Rhodesia Africana Society) (1): vii. 1958.
- "Publication No. 3 of The Rhodesiana Society". Rhodesiana (Salisbury: The Rhodesiana Society) (3): i–ii. 1958.
- "Final Issue". Rhodesiana (Salisbury: The Rhodesiana Society) (40): 1. 1979.
- "Published by the Historical Society of Zimbabwe". Heritage (Salisbury: Historical Society of Zimbabwe) (1): 1. 1981.
- "Rhodesiana for sale" (pdf). Contact! Contact! (Tauranga, New Zealand: Rhodesian Services Association Incorporated): 16. April 2011.
- Saffery, David (November–December 2002). "Rhodesiana – it's Hot Stuff!" (pdf). Out of Africa International 3 (3): 13–14.