1 dollar note
|Central bank||Reserve Bank of Rhodesia|
|Coins||½, 1, 2½, 5, 10, 20, 25 cents|
|Banknotes||1, 2, 5, 10 dollars|
The dollar was introduced on 17 February 1970, less than a month before the declaration of a republic on 2 March 1970. It replaced the pound at a rate of 2 dollars to 1 pound. The dollar proved to be a strong currency, at parity with the pound sterling right up to the very end of Rhodesia in 1980, when it was replaced by the Zimbabwean dollar at par. However, the Rhodesian dollar was never a fully convertible currency and its exchange rate was therefore not an indication of the underlying economics.
In adopting the Rhodesian dollar, Rhodesia followed the pattern of South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand in that when it adopted the decimal system, it decided to use the half pound unit as opposed to the pound unit of account. The choice of the name dollar was motivated by the fact that the reduced value of the new unit corresponded more closely to the value of the US dollar than it did to the pound sterling.
On 17 February 1970 the Rhodesian dollar was introduced and was par to the Pound; the currency was factured as follows - bronze ½ and 1 cent and cupro-nickel 2½ cent coins were introduced, which circulated alongside the earlier coins of the Rhodesian pound for 5, 10, 20 and 25 cents, which were also denominated in shillings and pence. New 5 cent coins were introduced in 1973, followed by 10, 20 and 25 cents in 1975. Coins were issued until 1977.
On 17 February 1970, the Reserve bank of Rhodesia introduced notes in denominations of 1, 2 and 10 dollars. 5 dollar notes were added in 1972.
Exchange rate history
This table shows the historical value of one Rhodesian dollar.
|Date||Official Rate||Free / Parallel Rate||notes|
|1970 (Feb)||USD 1.40||-||Parallel market starts 1970 (July)|
|1971 (Aug)||ZAR 1.00||(- 30%) ZAR 0.769||Pegged to the ZA Rand|
|1971 (Dec)||USD 1.52||(- 30% to 40%) USD 1.09 to USD 1.17||US dollar devalued|
|1972 (July)||floated||(- 20% to 30%)||Floated at same time GBP was floated|
|1972 (Oct)||USD 1.52; ZAR 1.19||-||-|
|1973 (Feb)||USD 1.69||-||USD devalued|
|1973 (Jun)||USD 1.773; ZAR 1.19||-||ZA Rand and R$ revalued against USD|
|1975 (Sep)||USD 1.60; ZAR 1.34||-||R$ devalued against USD and ZAR|
|1977 (Oct)||USD 1.50; ZAR 1.30||-||R$ devalued against USD and ZAR|
|1980 (Mar)||-||-||Pegged to flexible basket (FRF, DEM, ZAR, CHF, GBP, USD)|
|1980 (Apr)||-||-||Replacement by the Zimbabwean dollar Z$ 1 = R$ 1|
|1981||-||-||Rhodesian dollar demonetised under Statutory Instrument 378 of the Government of Zimbabwe|
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Rhodesia". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Krause, Chester L., and Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
- Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
- Rhodesian Currency Page, with a short description of each note.
Ratio: 2 dollars = 1 pound
|Currency of Rhodesia
(Zimbabwe since 1980)
1970 – 1980
Reason: independence recognized
Ratio: at par