The missionary, teacher and engineer Alexander Murdoch Mackay was born in Rhynie on 13 October 1849.
Eight Pictish symbol stones have been found at Rhynie, including the "Rhynie Man", a 6 foot tall boulder carved with a bearded man carrying an axe, possibly a representation of the Celtic god Esus, that was discovered in 1978. The "Rhynie Man" now stands outside Woodhill House (the headquarters of Aberdeenshire Council ) in Aberdeen.
In 2011 archaeological excavations at Rhynie, near the site of the "Rhynie Man", by archaeologists from Aberdeen University and Chester University uncovered a substantial fortified settlement dating to the early medieval period. Among the finds at the site were fragments of a late 5th or 6th century Roman amphora that must have been imported from the Mediterranean region. This is significant as it is the only known example of a Roman amphora from Eastern Britain dating to the post-Roman period, and indicates that the inhabitants of the settlement must have been of high status. Archaeologists working at the excavation have speculated that the settlement may have been a royal site occupied by Pictish kings.
- Urquhart, Frank (16 November 2011). "Archaeologists find village fit for Pictish kings". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
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