- For the Angolan racing driver, see Ricardo Teixeira (racing driver).
Ricardo Terra Teixeira (pronounced: [ʁiˈkaɾdu ˈtɛʁɐ tejˈʃejɾɐ]; born June 20, 1947) was president of the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) from January 16, 1989 to March 12, 2012. In July 2012 a Swiss prosecutor's report revealed that, during his tenure on FIFA's Executive Committee, he and his former father-in-law Joao Havelange took more than $41 million in bribes in connection with the award of World Cup marketing rights.
Life and career
Born in Carlos Chagas, Ricardo Teixeira married Lúcia Havelange, the daughter of João Havelange. They divorced in 1997 after almost 30 years of marriage. His son, Ricardo Teixeira Havelange born in 1974 bears his mother's last name, opposing the Brazilian custom.
In 1989, Teixeira was first elected the president of CBF succeeding Octávio Pinto Guimarães and defeating Nabi Abi Chedid, the president of Federação Paulista de Futebol at the time. BBC journalist Tim Vickery has suggested that he would not have been elected "had he not at the time been the son-in-law of vastly influential former FIFA boss Joao Havelange." At the time of his resignation Teixeira was serving his sixth term as head of the CBF.
Angry that his television company had been rejected in a contest for domestic rights, in 1993 Brazilian footballer Pelé accused Teixeira of corruption, which led to an eight year feud between Pelé and Havelange. As a result Havelange banned Pelé from the draw for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in Las Vegas. Criticisms that resulted from the banning of Pelé were perceived to have had a negative effect on Havelange's chances of re-election as FIFA President in 1994.
In 1994, after winning the World Cup in the USA, the Brazilian Team returned home in a private flight. On arrival in Brazil, Teixeira refused to abide by the rules of Brazilian Customs, on the grounds that "a title of the Brazilian Team is worthy much more than the custom taxes"; later on, it was discovered that many players had brought boxes of undeclared stuff (particularly computers and electronic appliances, which were expensive in Brazil at the time), and that Mr. Teixeira himself had packed a full beer making machine, that he used in a bar he opened a few months later - after a long dispute with Brazilian IRS, Teixeira paid the due taxes and fines.
In 2000, Teixeira faced a Probing Commission in Brazilian Congress. He was charged of taking illegal advantage of contracts with Nike: the Brazil Team would satisfy Nike's interests, and Teixeira would rake the financial gains. Again, Teixeira had to pay taxes on the basis of non declared revenues.
In November 2010 Andrew Jennings, the presenter of "FIFA's Dirty Secrets", an edition of BBC's flagship current affairs programme Panorama alleged that Teixeira had taken bribes in the 1990s regarding the awarding of contracts for the sale of television rights to the football World Cup., Teixeira waited until 25 July 2011 to respond to the allegations, at which point he attacked The Football Association, saying he would "make their lives hell" as long as he remained a member of FIFA's ruling Executive Committee.
The Brazilian authorities started in October 2011 an investigation to evaluate the possibility of money laundering by Ricardo Teixeira through the Brazilian Football Confederation. The authorities will have 90 days to complete the investigation which also alleges the involvement of João Havelange as part of the scheme. Andrew Jennings told the Senate committee that Ricardo Teixeira may have amassed $9.5m in bribes from now-defunct FIFA marketing firm ISL.
In July 2012 after protracted court proceedings, Havelange and Teixeira were named as beneficiaries of bribes from ISL. A document released by a prosecutor in the canton of Zug revealed that from 1992 to 2000 Havelange and Teixeira were paid 41m CHF by ISL.
At the time of the payment of the bribes, commercial bribery was not a crime in Switzerland. In 1997 as President of FIFA Havelange had granted ISL FIFA's exclusive marketing rights, and exclusive TV and radio rights to the 2002 and 2006 World Cups in 1998. ISL paid FIFA 200m CHF for the marketing rights and $1.4bn for the TV rights. After ISL's bankruptcy its liquidators examined all payments made by the company.
FIFA, under the presidency of Sepp Blatter, was found to have known about the bribes, yet argued it did not need to have the money repaid. Prosecutions were mounted for alleged embezzlement against Havelange and Teixeira, but were stopped in May 2010, after Havelange and Texeira repaid 500,000 and 2.5m CHF respectively. The repayments were considered reasonable due to the fact that bribes paid before 1995 were outside the statute of limitations, and Havelange's advanced age. The prosecutor also believed that Havelange and Teixeira were guilty of criminal breaches of their duties to serve FIFA as senior executives.
The July 2011 issue of the Brazilian magazine piauí published a profile of Ricardo Teixeira written by journalist Daniela Pinheiro. Ms. Pinheiro spent 10 days in Switzerland with Teixeira while he was there to attend the 61st FIFA Congress. In the 8-page article, Teixeira talked about football politics, the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, the Brazilian press and corruption allegations against him and other FIFA members. During the course of the interviews, he brushed off the accusations with profanities (such as caguei, a Portuguese swear-word for the verb "to defecate" which also means, roughly, "I couldn't care less") and boasted he was able to do whatever he wanted during the 2014 World Cup - like denying press credentials to those who are critical of him or changing match schedules at his own pleasure.
All of Teixeira's declarations were later confirmed by Rodrigo Paiva, head of public relations for the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF). The remarks stirred a lot of controversy in both the Brazilian press and Brazilian society, and sparked the Twitter campaign #foraricardoteixeira ("Out with Ricardo Teixeira").
- "Teixeira Ricardo Terra - Brazil". FIFA. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "CBF tem novo presidente" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Football Confederation. March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- "Former Fifa president João Havelange 'received millions in bribes' - report". London: The Guardian. 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Mendes, Daniela. "Ricardo Teixeira" (in Portuguese). IstoÉ. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
- "Criador X criatura" (in Portuguese). Época. 1999-01-18. Retrieved 2008-07-16.
- "Todos os presidentes da CBF" (in Portuguese). Campeões do Futebol. 2007-10-07. Retrieved 2008-07-16.
- Brazil's temperamental fans, BBC, retrieved 23/11/2011
- "Ricardo Teixeira começa seu sexto mandato na CBF" (in Portuguese). Jornal Correio do Brasil. 2006-02-13. Retrieved 2008-07-16.
- Paul Darby (2002). Africa, football, and FIFA: politics, colonialism, and resistance. F. Cass. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-0-7146-4968-9. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- Bellos, Alex (2003). Futebol. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-6179-8.
- Kelso, Paul (2009-08-13). "Brazil 2014 World Cup hopes hit as football chief Ricardo Teixeira convicted". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Own goals from Senhor Futebol". The Economist. 2011-10-01.
- "Panorama: Three Fifa World Cup officials took bribes". BBC. 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- "I will make your lives hell, Teixeira threatens English FA.". insideworldfootball.biz. 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "Fortuna de Ricardo Teixeira e família será investigada pela PF e Ministério Público Federal" (in Portuguese). uolesporte.uol.com.br. 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- "Corrupt Fifa stinks says Jennings". BBC News. 2011-10-28.
- "English version".
- "Ricardo Teixeira em "Caguei de montão"".(In Portuguese) Papo de buteco. 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2011-08-05
- "Posso fazer maldade".(in Portuguese) Folha Universal. 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-08-05
- "A coluna que escrevi e a que gostaria de ter escrito (Juca Kfouri & Ugo Giorgetti)".(in Portuguese) UOL. 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2011-08-05
- "Você torce pela seleção da CBF? Eu não torço há muito tempo (Mauro Cezar Pereira)".(in Portuguese) ESPN Brasil. 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2011-08-05
- "Resenha de "O presidente" (André Kfouri)".(in Portuguese) Lance!. 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2011-08-05
- "Official website".(In Portuguese)
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