Richard B. Ogilvie
|Richard B. Ogilvie|
|35th Governor of Illinois|
January 13, 1969 – January 8, 1973
|Preceded by||Samuel H. Shapiro|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Walker|
|Born||February 22, 1923
Kansas City, Missouri
|Died||May 10, 1988 (aged 65)
|Profession||Lawyer and Politician|
Richard Buell Ogilvie (February 22, 1923 – May 10, 1988) was the 35th governor of Illinois and served from 1969 to 1973. A wounded combat veteran of World War II, he became known as the mafia-fighting sheriff of Cook County, Illinois, in the 1960s before becoming governor.
Education and Military service
He graduated from high school in Port Chester, New York, in 1940. While attending Yale University, he enlisted in the United States Army in 1942. As a tank commander in France, he was wounded and received the Purple Heart and two Battle Stars. Discharged in 1945, he resumed studies at Yale and in 1947, he earned a Bachelor of Arts majoring in American history. In 1949, he earned a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago-Kent College of Law. From 1950 to 1950, he practiced law in Chicago and served as an assistant United States Attorney from 1954–1955. From 1958 to 1961, he served as a special assistant to the United States Attorney General heading an office fighting organized crime in Chicago.
Pre-gubernatorial political career
Ogilvie was elected sheriff of Cook County, Illinois' most populous county, in 1962; he served in this position until 1967. While sheriff, he was elected President of the Cook County Board of Commissioners and served from 1967 to 1969, when he resigned upon being elected Governor of Illinois. As of 2014, he was the last Republican to serve as the chief executive of Cook County.
Governor of Illinois
In 1968, he was elected governor as a Republican, with 51.2% of the vote, narrowly beating incumbent Democrat Sam Shapiro. His lieutenant governor was Democrat and future U.S. Senator Paul Simon, the only time that Illinois elected a Governor and Lt. Governor of different parties. (However, on least two other occasions there was an acting Lt. Governor from a different party.)
Bolstered by large Republican majorities in the state house, Ogilvie modernized state government. He successfully advocated for a state constitutional convention, increased social spending, and secured Illinois' first state income tax. The latter was particularly unpopular with the electorate, and Ogilvie lost a close election to Daniel Walker in 1972, ending his career in elective office.
Oglivie was the publisher of a revived Chicago Daily News in 1979, 18 months after its demise in 1978.
Until his death in 1988, he was a partner in the distinguished Chicago law firm of Isham Lincoln & Beale, one of whose founders was Abraham Lincoln's son, Robert Todd Lincoln.
Death and legacy
After his death in Chicago May 10, 1988, Governor Ogilvie was cremated and interred in Rosehill Mausoleum, Rosehill Cemetery, Chicago.
The Ogilvie Transportation Center, from which Chicago-area Metra commuter passenger trains leave for destinations on the former Chicago and North Western, now the Union Pacific, is named in his honor. The modern railroad station uses the former C&NW trainshed.
- 1969–1970 Illinois Blue Book
- National Governors Association Biography.
- Historical Roster of elected officials, Illinois 2005–2006 Blue Book (Archibald Glenn and Thomas Marshall)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2007)|
|Cook County Board President
Samuel H. Shapiro
|Governor of Illinois