Richard Smith (East India Company officer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard Smith
Born bapt. 1734
Died 3 July 1803
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank Brigadier-General
Commands held Indian Army

Brigadier-General Richard Smith (bapt. 1734 – 3 July 1803) was Commander-in-Chief, India of the East Iindia Company (Bengal).

Military career[edit]

He was the eldest son of John Smith, cheesemonger, of Jermyn Street, St. James’s, Middlesex.

He served in India as an ensign in the Madras Army in 1752, rising to the rank of captain.[1] In 1761 returned to London and became a prominent shareholder in the East India Company.[1]

When he went out to India again in 1764 it was as Colonel of one of the East India Company's three brigades.[1] In 1767 he was promoted to Commander-in-Chief, India.[2] He was made Brigadier-General in 1768 before retiring in 1770.

In 1774 he went into politics as Member of Parliament for Hindon, later serving as MP for Wendover in 1780 and as MP for Wareham in 1790.[1] He was appointed High Sheriff of Berkshire for 1779–80. [3]

He lived at Chiltern Lodge near Hungerford in Berkshire.[1] In 1756 he married Amelia Hopkins, the daughter of master mariner Captain Charles Hopkins, and together they went on to have one son (John Mansell Smith) and one daughter.[1]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Lord Clive
Commander-in-Chief, India
1767–1770
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Barker
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Dummer
Member of Parliament for Wendover
1780–1784
With: John Mansell Smith
Succeeded by
Robert Burton
Preceded by
John Calcraft
Member of Parliament for Wareham
1790–1796
With: Lord Robert Spencer
Succeeded by
Charles Ellis