Richmond (British Columbia federal electoral district)

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"Richmond Centre (electoral district)" redirects here. For the shopping mall in Richmond, see Richmond Centre (mall). For the shopping centre in Derry, Northern Ireland, see Richmond Centre (Derry). For the provincial electoral district, see Richmond Centre (provincial electoral district).
Richmond
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia electoral district
Richmond (electoral district).png
Richmond in relation to the other Vancouver area ridings'
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Alice Wong
Conservative
District created 1987
First contested 1988
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 125,710
Electors (2011) 82,850
Area (km²)[2] 47.26
Pop. density (per km²) 2,660
Census divisions Greater Vancouver Regional District
Census subdivisions Richmond

Richmond is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1988.

Geography[edit]

The electoral district comprises the western part of the City of Richmond.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2006 Census, 61% of the residents of this riding are immigrants; in particular, 40.5% of the total population of the Richmond riding are immigrants from Eastern Asia, which is the highest such percentage for all Canadian federal riding; 14.6% have immigrated from Hong Kong, again the highest such figure for a federal riding.[3][4]

With respect to visible minority status, 50.2% of the population are Chinese;[5] indeed, it is the riding with the largest Chinese population (56,940) in all of Canada, and also the only federal electoral district where a single visible minority is the majority. In terms of ethnic origin (where multiple responses are counted) the figure for residents of Chinese ethnic origin reaches 55.2%,[6] which is likewise the highest such percentage in Canada.

17.8% of population are native speakers of Cantonese, 15.6% of not otherwise specified Chinese languages, and 13.4% of Mandarin, thus making Richmond the top riding in each of these categories. The same goes for Chinese languages as a group, which are the mother tongue for 48.4% of Richmond's population, the highest such percentage for a Canadian federal electoral district.[7] The Richmond riding also holds Canadian records for speakers of Cantonese as a home language (15.8% of the total population), Mandarin as a home language (11.8%), and any language of the Chinese languages group as a home language (39.7%).[8]

Retail trade and the service sector (professional, scientific, technical services) are the major sources of employment in Richmond. 32% of residents over the age of 25 years old have obtained a university certificate or degree. The average family income is over $72,000. Unemployment is around 5.9%.[9] This riding is home to many Asian-themed malls and businesses, such as Aberdeen Centre and is home to the Vancouver International Airport located on this riding.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1987 from parts of Richmond—South Delta. In 2003, more parts of Delta—South Richmond were added to it.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Richmond
Riding created from Richmond—South Delta
34th  1988 − 1993     Tom Siddon Progressive Conservative
35th  1993 − 1997     Raymond Chan Liberal
36th  1997 − 2000
37th  2000 − 2002     Joe Peschisolido Alliance
 2002 − 2004     Liberal
38th  2004 − 2006     Raymond Chan Liberal
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2011     Alice Wong Conservative
41st  2011 − Present

Current Member of Parliament[edit]

Its Member of Parliament is Dr. Alice Wong, a businesswoman and educator. She is a member of the Conservative Party of Canada. During the 40th Parliament, she served as the Parliamentary Secretary for Multiculturalism, and as a member on the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration.

Election results[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Alice Wong 25,109 58.36 +8.59 $89,330.05
Liberal Joe Peschisolido 8,027 18.66 -12.19 $54,757.85
New Democratic Dale Jackaman 7,860 18.27 +6.46 $9,038.79
Green Michael Wolfe 2,032 4.72 -1.71 $2,933.09
Total valid votes/Expense limit 43,028 100.00 $91,788.64
Total rejected ballots 220 0.51 +0.06
Turnout 43,248 50.97 +1
Eligible voters 84,855
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Alice Wong 21,329 49.77 +11.08 $79,037
Liberal Raymond Chan 13,221 30.85 -11.98 $78,275
New Democratic Dale Jackaman 5,059 11.81 -2.17 $14,221
Green Michael Wolfe 2,754 6.43 +1.93 $1,900
Independent Wei Ping Chen 397 0.93 $6,851
Independent Dobie Yiu-Chung To 93 0.22 $1,813
Total valid votes/Expense limit 42,878 100.00 $86,879
Total rejected ballots 192 0.45 0.01
Turnout 43,070 52 -4
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Raymond Chan 18,712 42.83 -1.65 $68,055
Conservative Darrel Reid 16,904 38.69 +3.37 $73,990
New Democratic Neil Smith 6,106 13.98 -1.02 $12,724
Green Richard Gordon Mathias 1,967 4.50 +0.25 $2,850
Total valid votes 43,689 100.00
Total rejected ballots 194 0.44 -0.11
Turnout 43,883 56 -6
     Liberal hold Swing -2.51
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Raymond Chan 18,204 44.48 +2.44 $64,433
Conservative Alice Wong 14,457 35.32 -14.51 $71,614
New Democratic Dale Jackaman 6,142 15.00 +9.32 $11,072
Green Stephen H.F. Kronstein 1,743 4.25 +2.36 $160
Canadian Action Allan Warnke 376 0.91 $625
Total valid votes 40,922 100.00
Total rejected ballots 226 0.55 +0.08
Turnout 41,148 62.29 +0.59
Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Alliance Joe Peschisolido 21,064 44.40 +8.44 $58,128
Liberal Raymond Chan 19,940 42.04 -1.77 $63,896
New Democratic Gail Paquette 2,695 5.68 -3.88 $10,941
Progressive Conservative Frank Peter Tofin 2,578 5.43 -2.85 $4,329
Green Kevan Hudson 897 1.89 +0.53 $61
Natural Law Kathy McClement 164 0.34 -0.05
Marxist–Leninist Edith Petersen 93 0.19 -0.02 $10
Total valid votes 47,431 100.00
Total rejected ballots 218 0.47 -0.03
Turnout 47,649 61.70 -3.19
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Raymond Chan 18,165 43.81 +6.81 $53,959
Reform Adrian Wade 14,912 35.96 +5.07 $36,549
New Democratic Sylvia Surette 3,964 9.56 +3.31 $13,680
Progressive Conservative Larry Blaschuk 3,435 8.28 -10.72 $21,581
Green Kevan Hudson 565 1.36 +0.78 $19
Christian Heritage Randy Cliff 167 0.40 -0.09
Natural Law Mark McCooey 164 0.39
Marxist–Leninist Dorothy-Jean O'Donnell 90 0.21 $225
Total valid votes 41,462 100.00
Total rejected ballots 210 0.50
Turnout 41,672 64.89
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Chan 21,442 37.00 +14.20
Reform Nick Loenen 17,791 30.89 +27.56
Progressive Conservative Tom Siddon 11,013 19.00 -25.04
New Democratic Sylvia Surette 3,623 6.25 -20.96
National Fred Pawluk 2,263 3.91
Green Kevan Hudson 337 0.58 +0.15
Natural Law Kathy McClement 333 0.57
Independent Judith Campbell 315 0.54
Christian Heritage Clyde E. Vint 282 0.49 -0.74
Independent Jerry Haldeman 254 0.44
Libertarian Kerry Daniel Pearson 159 0.27
Independent John Edgar Square-Briggs 29 0.05
Total valid votes 57,950 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes %
Progressive Conservative Tom Siddon 25,559 44.05
New Democratic Tom Beardsley 15,787 27.21
Liberal Floyd Sully 13,231 22.80
Reform Stuart Gilbertson 1,929 3.32
Christian Heritage Brian Wilson 712 1.23
Libertarian David W. Crawford 441 0.76
Green Bryan Wagman 253 0.44
Communist Homer Stevens 113 0.19
Total valid votes 58,025 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]