Robert H. Anderson
|Robert Houstoun Anderson|
Robert Houstoun Anderson
October 1, 1835|
|Died||February 8, 1888
|Place of burial||Bonaventure Cemetery, Savannah, Georgia|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
Confederate States of America
|Service/branch|| United States Army
Confederate States Army
|Years of service||1857–1861 (USA)
|Rank|| First Lieutenant (USA)
Brigadier General (CSA)
|Unit||Army of Tennessee|
|Commands held||5th Georgia Cavalry|
|Other work||U.S. Army officer, police chief, Board of Visitors US Military Academy at West Point|
Early life and career
Born in Savannah, Georgia, Anderson was educated in the local schools. He received an appointment to the United States Military Academy. After graduation in 1857, as a brevet second lieutenant, he was stationed in upstate New York. He later served as an infantry first lieutenant at Fort Walla Walla in the Washington Territory.
Civil War service
In early 1861, shortly before the official secession of his home state, Anderson accepted an ACSA commission as a lieutenant in the artillery. In September of that year, he was promoted to major in the CSA. He was later appointed assistant adjutant general to Maj. Gen. W. H. T. Walker of the Georgia State militia, later seeing action at the Battle of Fort McAllister (1863) before his transfer to the frontlines as colonel of the 5th Georgia Cavalry.
Commissioned a brigadier general on July 26, 1864, Anderson was attached to the Army of Tennessee as a cavalry officer during the Atlanta Campaign. After the death of commanding officer Brig. Gen. John H. Kelly near Franklin, Tennessee, Anderson assumed temporary command of the division before resuming his former position as brigade commander following the fall of Atlanta. He would later lead his brigade against advancing Union forces during Sherman's March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign before the collapse of the Confederacy in April 1865.
Following the war, Anderson served as the police chief of Savannah, and was on the Board of Visitors for the US Military Academy at West Point helping reunite old friends, and helping reconciliation efforts. He died at the age of 52, and is still remembered with much affection by the Savannah Police Department. He is buried in Bonaventure Cemetery.
- Linedecker, Clifford L., ed. Civil War, A-Z: The Complete Handbook of America's Bloodiest Conflict. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002. ISBN 0-89141-878-4.