Rock Creek Cemetery

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Rock Creek Church Yard and Cemetery
Rock Creek Cemetery, grave marker.jpg
Rock Creek Cemetery is located in the District of Columbia
Rock Creek Cemetery
Location Webster Street and Rock Creek Church Road, NW, Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°56′52″N 77°0′47″W / 38.94778°N 77.01306°W / 38.94778; -77.01306Coordinates: 38°56′52″N 77°0′47″W / 38.94778°N 77.01306°W / 38.94778; -77.01306
Area 84.2 acres (34.1 ha)
Built 1719
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 77001498[1]
Added to NRHP August 12, 1977

Rock Creek Cemetery is an 86-acre (350,000 m2) cemetery with a natural rolling landscape located at Rock Creek Church Road, NW, and Webster Street, NW, off Hawaii Avenue, NE in Washington, D.C.'s Michigan Park neighborhood. The cemetery is located near Washington's Petworth neighborhood. It is across the street from the historic Soldiers' Home and the Soldiers' Home Cemetery. It also is home to the InterFaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington. On August 12, 1977, Rock Creek Cemetery and the adjacent church grounds were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as, Rock Creek Church Yard and Cemetery.

History[edit]

It was first established in 1719 as a churchyard within the glebe of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rock Creek Parish. The Vestry later decided to expand the burial ground as a public cemetery to serve the city of Washington and this was established through an Act of Congress in 1840.

The expanded Cemetery was landscaped in the rural garden style, to function as both a cemetery and a public park. It is a ministry of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rock Creek Parish with sections for St. John's Russian Orthodox Church and St. Nicholas Orthodox Church.

Rock Creek Cemetery's park-like setting has many notable mausoleums, sculptures, and tombstones. The best known is Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Stanford White's Adams Memorial, a contemplative, androgynous bronze sculpture seated before a block of granite. It marks the graves of Marian Hooper “Clover" Adams and her husband, Henry Adams, and sometimes mistakenly, the sculpture is referred to as Grief.[2][3] Saint-Gaudens entitled it The Mystery of the Hereafter and The Peace of God that Passeth Understanding.

Other notable memorials include the Frederick Keep Monument, the Heurich Mausoleum, the Hitt Monument, the Hardon Monument, the Kauffman Monument, known as The Seven Ages of Memory, the Sherwood Mausoleum Door, and the Thompson-Harding Monument.[4]

Sculptors with works in the cemetery[edit]

Notable interments[edit]

A[edit]

B[edit]

Gravesite of Emile Berliner and family members

C[edit]

  • Catherine Cate Coblentz (1897–1951), writer and wife of William Coblentz (section O)
  • William Coblentz (1873–1962), American physicist, notable for pioneer contributions to infrared radiometry and spectroscopy (section O)

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

  • Charles S. Fairfax (1829–1869), Virginia born California politician who was entitled to the British title 10th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
  • Stephen Johnson Field (1816–1899), American associate justice of Supreme Court (section A)
  • Peter Force (1790–1868), American politician, American lieutenant in the American Revolutionary War and in the War of 1812, newspaper editor, archivist, and historian who served as the 12th mayor of Washington, D.C., and whose library of historical documents became the Library of Congress's first major Americana collection (section B)
  • Israel Moore Foster (1873–1950), American Republican Representative in Congress
  • William H. French (1815–1881), American military major general during the American Civil War and the Mexican War (section B)

G[edit]

Gravesite of Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor

H[edit]

  • John Marshall Harlan (1833–1911), American Supreme Court associate justice, known as the "Great Dissenter;" he wrote the lone dissenting opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson (section R-11)
  • Patricia Roberts Harris (1924–1985), Ambassador, first African American female to serve in a Presidential Cabinet (section 20).
  • George L. Harrison (1887–1958), American banker, insurance executive and political advisor during The Second World War.
  • Frank Hatton (1846–1894), U.S. Postmaster General and editor of the Washington Post. (section B)
  • Christian Heurich (1842–1945), German-born American founder of Heurich Brewery (1871–1954).
  • Samuel Billingsley Hill (1875–1958), U.S. Representative from Washington and member of the United States Board of Tax Appeals (now the United States Tax Court).
  • William Henry Holmes (1846–1933), known for scientific illustration of the American West; role in controversy over the antiquity of man in the Americas; leadership at the Smithsonian Institution. (section M)

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

Gravesite of Oliver Hudson Kelley

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

Gravesite of George Washington Riggs

O[edit]

P[edit]

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

Gravesite of Upton Sinclair

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

Gravesite of Charles Doolottle Walcott

W[edit]

Y[edit]

  • Helen Yakobson, (1913-2002) Academic and Professor at George Washington University.

Z[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Augustus Saint-Gaudens". Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  3. ^ "1886 The Adams Memorial". Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  4. ^ "Cultural Tourism DC". CulturalTourismDC.org. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  5. ^ Goode, James M. The Outdoor Sculpture of Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 1974 pp. 343-352
  6. ^ http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1264J12899JU4.893&source=~!siartinventories&profile=ariall&page=1&group=0&term=Rock+Creek+Cemetery,+Washington,+District+of+Columbia&index=&uindex=&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=5&ts=1264013183323&deduping=
  7. ^ Kvaran, Einar E. Cemetery Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
  8. ^ Marion, John Francis, Famous and Curious Cemeteries, Crown Publishers Inc., New York, 1977 pp. 78-80
  9. ^ Thetus W. Sims at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  10. ^ McGrath, Charles (1 August 2012). "Gore Vidal dies at age 86". Sarasota Herald-Tribune (Halifax Media Group). Retrieved 3 July 2014. 

External links[edit]