Chamaemelum nobile

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Roman chamomile
Chamaemelum nobile - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-012.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Chamaemelum
Species: C. nobile
Binomial name
Chamaemelum nobile
(L.) All.
Synonyms

Anthemis nobilis L.

Chamaemelum nobile (synonym: Anthemis nobilis), commonly known as chamomile (also spelled camomile), Roman chamomile,[1] English chamomile,[1] garden chamomile, ground apple, low chamomile, or whig plant, is a low perennial plant found in dry fields and around gardens and cultivated grounds in Europe, North America, and Argentina. C. nobile is, along with Matricaria chamomilla, an important source of the herbal product known as chamomile.[1]

Description[edit]

Chamaemelum nobile has daisy-like white flowers and procumbent stems; the leaves are alternate, bipinnate, finely dissected, and downy to glabrous. The solitary, terminal flowerheads, rising 8-12 in above the ground, consist of prominent yellow disk flowers and silver-white ray flowers. The flowering time is June and July, and its fragrance is sweet, crisp, fruity and herbaceous.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The word chamomile, and the genus name Chamaemelum come from the Greek χαμαίμηλον (chamaimēlon), "earth-apple",[3] from χαμαί (chamai), "on the ground" + μήλον (mēlon), "apple", so-called because of the apple-like scent of the plant. (Note: The "ch-" spelling is used especially in science and pharmacology.)

Uses[edit]

Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) essential oil in clear glass vial
Main article: Chamomile

The plant is used to flavor foods, in herbal teas, perfumes, and cosmetics.[2] It is used to make a rinse for blonde hair, and is popular in aromatherapy; its practitioners believe it to be a calming agent to reduce stress and aid in sleep. Chamomile soothes skin rashes and moiturize the skin. It also serves as the skin's shield against oxidation.[citation needed] An organic food information site considers chamomile to be an antiseptic, antibiotic, disinfectant, bactericidal and vermifuge.[4][unreliable source?] Roman chamomile is not recommended for use during pregnancy as it can cause uterine contractions and miscarriage.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "German Chamomile". University of Maryland Medical Center. 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Gualtiero Simonetti (1990). Stanley Schuler, ed. Simon & Schuster's Guide to Herbs and Spices. Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBN 0-671-73489-X. 
  3. ^ Chamaimelon, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus
  4. ^ Health Benefits of Camomile Essential Oil
  5. ^ "Roman chamomile". Medline Plus Supplements. National Institutes of Health. 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  • Howard, Michael. Traditional Folk Remedies (Century, 1987), p. 112.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the U.S. National Cancer Institute document "Dictionary of Cancer Terms".

External links[edit]